Veiled Prophet Ball

The Veiled Prophet Ball is a debutante ball held each December in St. Louis, Missouri.

It is held by the Veiled Prophet Organization, which was founded in 1878 by prominent St. Louisans, including a former Confederate officer. Each year, one member is chosen to serve as the "Veiled Prophet of Khorassan," to preside over the Veiled Prophet Ball and its roughly 2,000 attendees.[1] The event's focus is on the 50-plus debutantes who are walked down the aisle by notable St. Louis businessmen, usually a friend of their father's, to bow before the Veiled Prophet. Five are chosen by the Veiled Prophet to be the Special Maids of Honor of the "Veiled Prophet's Court of Honor", and one is crowned the "Queen of Love and Beauty".[2]

Veiled Prophet Parade, 1878
Fashion sketch by artist-reporter Marguerite Martyn of women attending the St. Louis Veiled Prophet Ball, 1911

Inspired by the Mistick Krewe of Comus, the founders aimed to create an annual local celebration similar to Mardi Gras in New Orleans, eventually to include pageantry and costuming as well as a parade with floats. The parade and ball were both originally held in October. The ball was eventually moved to the Friday before Christmas; the parade and fair celebration, once called the VP (Veiled Prophet) Fair and VP Parade, are now called Fair St. Louis and America's Birthday Parade and are held during the week of Independence Day.

Notable guests of Veiled Prophet activities include President Grover Cleveland and his wife, and Margaret Truman, the daughter of President Harry S. Truman.[3]


The event had its roots in the St. Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Fair, an annual harvest festival which had been held in St. Louis since 1856. It attracted agricultural crops, crafts, demonstrations and attendees from throughout the region. In the economic difficulties after the American Civil War in the 1870s, such events declined. City boosters devised the Veiled Prophet Fair in an attempt to reclaim, from the rapidly growing city of Chicago, pre-eminence for St. Louis as a manufacturing center and agricultural shipping point.[4]

On March 20, 1878, Charles Slayback, a grain broker (who had spent several years in New Orleans after the Civil War and become acquainted with its Mardi Gras traditions) called a meeting of local business leaders at the Lindell Hotel. Together with his brother Alonzo, a Confederate Army officer, Slayback created a mythology for a secret elite society, whose public demonstrations would coincide with the annual fair. The Slaybacks borrowed the name "the Veiled Prophet of Khorassan" from Irish poet Thomas Moore's Lalla Rookh; they also incorporated features from Comus of New Orleans. In Moore's poem, the Veiled Prophet was a horribly disfigured man who considered himself a prophet.[5] In the Veiled Prophet Organization's version, the Prophet was a world traveler who chose to bless St. Louis, and was later marketed as a type of Santa Claus figure.[6] The first parade and ball were held on October 8, 1878; attendance at the parade was estimated at more than 100,000.[7]


"Boosting trade was one of the main goals of the Veiled Prophet organization," and "class control" was "a second, equally important objective," wrote historian Thomas M. Spencer of Northwest Missouri State University. "Newspaper feature stories since the 1950s have described the 'first Veiled Prophet parade' as a way of healing the wounds of a bitter labor-management fight," the 1877 St. Louis general strike. However, the first Veiled Prophet parade was more a show of force than a gesture of healing."[8]

a figure clad in white robes and pointed white hood with a shotgun in his left hand, a pistol in his right, and a second shotgun to the figure's left
The Veiled Prophet as illustrated in an 1878 edition of the Missouri Republican

The October 6, 1878, Missouri Republican described the Veiled Prophet dressed with a white hood and robe while armed with a pistol and rifle. "It will be readily observed from the accoutrements of the Prophet that the procession is not likely to be stopped by street cars or anything else," the newspaper wrote. Spencer interpreted the reference of the Republican to "streetcars" as related to the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. But the St. Louis Post-Dispatch's description of the 1878 parade says the Veiled Prophet was "costumed in green and red" with "a mosquito bar over its face."[9] While the image of the Veiled Prophet displayed in the Missouri Republican bears resemblance to the uniforms of the Second Ku Klux Klan, it predates the adoption of the uniforms by 37 years, the latter being inspired by 1915's The Birth of a Nation.[10]

Selection of Prophet

The Prophet was selected secretly from among male members, who were made up of St. Louis's business and civic elite. The first prophet was Police Commissioner John G. Priest. Although the identity of a given year's Grand Oracle, or Veiled Prophet, was officially a secret, early holders of the office were reported[4] to include Col. Alonzo W. Slayback, Capt. Frank Gaiennie, John A. Scudder, Henry C. Haarstick, George Bain, Robert P. Tansey, George H. Morgan, Col. J. C. Normile, Wallace Delafield, John B. Maude, Dr. D. P. Rowland, Charles E. Slayback, Leigh I. Knapp, David B. Gould, Henry Paschell, H. I. Kent, Dr. E. Pretorious, Win. H. Thompson, and Win. A. Hargadine. There have also been suggestions that the Veiled Prophet is the richest man in St. Louis of a given year, or the man that donates the most money to the organization that year.[2]

Selection of Queen

The Queen of Love and Beauty and later the maids of honor were selected by the Veiled Prophet from among the debutantes who had received invitations to the ball. The list of invitees was determined by a process never made public. The supply of tickets was limited to members of the VP organization, which had a secret constitution, and the assignment of these non-transferable tickets required the organization's approval. The Veiled Prophet danced the "Royal Quadrille" with the Queen and then awarded her some keepsake of the occasion. Over the years, the Queens and their courts received pearl necklaces or silver tiaras, which became family heirlooms (as did the elaborate invitations themselves).[citation needed]

Queens include the daughters of the most influential members of the organization. In 1999, actor Ellie Kemper was crowned Queen of Love and Beauty. Kemper's father, David Kemper, was then the CEO and Chairman of Commerce Bank.

In 1928, Mary Ambrose Smith, who was selected as Queen, was found to have secretly married Dr. Thomas Birdsall days earlier, violating the rule that the Queen of Love and Beauty must be a "maiden."[11] In a 1979 interview with the St. Louis Times, Smith recalled how the Veiled Prophet:

gave her travelling money and told her to "begone, don't register at any large hotels, and don't use your real name."... Smith was "made to feel she disgraced her family. None of her friends stuck by her (she was told she could not visit their houses), she was never invited to another VP ball, her picture was removed from the collection of queens' portraits at the Missouri Historical Society, and her name was deleted from the Social Register.[This quote needs a citation]


The ball, parade and fair became a St. Louis tradition, though not without controversy. "The traditional VP celebration has represented for St. Louisans a perceived link between different components of the community in a holiday celebration, while also reinforcing the notion of a benevolent cultural elite," the St. Louis city government website says.[12] Historian Spencer believes that the event generally revealed rather than soothed class conflicts. In 1882, public objections were raised by Irish Americans to a float which featured that ethnic group, and it was withdrawn from the parade.[4] Onlookers used pea-shooters, rocks and other missiles against the floats. Confectioners' shops stocked the pea-shooters in anticipation of the parade, one observer recalled.[13]

The VP parade had been created in part to displace the parades regularly held by the trade unions. Spencer believes it cast workingmen in a passive rather than active role, not merely in the celebration, but in the mythology asserted for the history and economic life of the city.[14] Occasionally the unions would stage events intended to mock the pretensions of the VP Ball.[15] The leading socialist and working-class newspaper, St. Louis Labor, "wrote negatively" about the VP event and its organizers for decades.[16]

But the parade continued to attract large crowds and exerted a certain fascination. In 1949, for the first time, the ball was broadcast on KSD-TV (now KSDK), and the station estimated that more than 80% of area viewers tuned in. According to historian Spencer, "Most St. Louisans probably enjoyed the 'fairy tale' nature of it. By watching the ball, they were vicariously living the experiences of the elites dancing across their television screens." According to Harry Levins, "The parade was aimed at boosting the spirit of the city's common folk. The ball was aimed at reassuring the city's elite of their exclusive status." The early pageants had been partially meant to move working-class viewers to awe at the accomplishments of great men, all of whom were said to be ancestors of the Prophet.[14]

By 1969, the ball was the object of civil rights protests, resulting in numerous arrests. Percy Green and the civil rights group Action Committee to Improve Opportunities for Negroes (ACTION) conducted numerous protests against VP activities. Green has stated numerous times that his goals were to stop the use of the public Kiel Auditorium for the organization's private party, to get the organization's leaders, all heads of St. Louis corporations, to hire more minority workers, specifically black males, and to abolish the organization that flaunted its wealth in front of the city's poorest residents. It was said that editorial staffs suppressed much of the reporting of the protests by ACTION against VP activities. Pat Buchanan, then an editorial writer for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat newspaper, particularly portrayed the group as radical dissidents.[17] ACTION used dramatic displays to get attention, often laying in front of VP Parade floats, or marching outside of the VP Ball with the Black Veiled Prophet and the Queen of Love and Human Justice. [2] Green had a flair for the dramatic, and had once climbed the St. Louis Arch with suction cups during its construction to protest the lack of minority workers.[2]

ACTION crashes the 1972 ball

On December 22, 1972, in Kiel Auditorium, the three Caucasian female members of ACTION crashed the ball using tickets given to them by Veiled Prophet insiders. Gena Scott, Phyllis Knight, and Jane Sauer (née Gottlieb) dressed in evening gowns and entered the ball, sitting in a high balcony reserved for unimportant friends.[17] Knight's actions that evening are unknown,[17] but Sauer crossed the auditorium and threw leaflets from an upper balcony while screaming "Down with the Veiled Prophet!"[17] Amid Sauer's diversion, Scott slid down a three-inch thick electrical cable towards the stage. The cable snapped and dropped Scott an estimated 50 feet onto the steps of the stage. Scott says she broke three ribs and blacked out for a moment, then convinced guards that she had fallen from the balcony. After being escorted to the back of the stage, Scott diverted a security person's attention and ran up behind the Veiled Prophet's guards, the Bengal Lancers. She was able to get even closer, and Scott reached forward and yanked the mask off the Veiled Prophet, then threw it to the ground.[2] There was complete silence as the unmasked prophet was seen to be Monsanto Company Executive Vice President Tom K. Smith, whose name was published in only the St. Louis Journalism Review.

Lucy Ferriss, one of the debutantes seated on stage that night whose aunt, Ann Chittenden Ferriss, was the 1931 Queen of Love and Beauty, wrote about the events and interviewed Sauer and Scott for her memoir Unveiling the Prophet: The Misadventures of a Reluctant Debutante. Ferriss noted that her date, a young Jewish man that she brought specifically to scorn the Veiled Prophet's racist views, clapped as everyone else sat stunned, as he assumed it was all part of the show.[2]

After a moment, Smith picked up the veil and placed it back on his head, and the ball went on as normal. Scott was later arrested after being taken to the hospital to have her ribs taped, but charges were ultimately dropped, as the Veiled Prophet Organization would have had to publicly admit that Tom K. Smith had been the Veiled Prophet.[2]

Aftermath and changes

In early 1973, Scott was awakened when her car was bombed outside of her apartment.[2] Her apartment was vandalized numerous times.[17] The unveiling of the Prophet was the most dramatic disruption in ACTION's long campaign (1965–1976) to encourage the many CEOs in the VP Organization to hire more minority workers at their businesses. Other efforts include in 1975, ACTION member Patrick Dougherty unfurling a banner on stage reading "ACTION Protests Racist VP," and in 1976, two ACTION members sprayed what Green called "commercial tear gas"[18] at VP audience members along the stage. While VP spokesmen said they took no notice of ACTION, its leader, Percy Green, had been laid off in 1964 and never was able to get another job for a St. Louis corporation.[17]

The activists encouraged disbanding the VP organization so that public and private funds could be spent on worthier projects. Spencer sees the unveiling at the Ball as a crucial moment in a long process of disintegration of the civic unity and class harmony that the VP Fair claimed to celebrate. According to Spencer, by the late 1970s, the wives and daughters of the elite, for whom the Ball constituted a sort of marriage-market, had become resistant to its inherent sexism.[18] ACTION member Jacqueline Bell "claimed the elites in the organization were 'heavyweights' who 'auction off their daughters among themselves, showing no respect for women.'"[19] Even members of the VP Organization began to express distaste: William Maritz, a one-time Veiled Prophet, said, "'A lot of members' in the late 1970s 'felt uneasy with the social connotations' and that 'people were saying 'get that goddamned ball off of television, don't force that on the community."[20]

The subversive act of unveiling the Prophet revealed what Spencer said had been the classist underpinnings of the event from its inception. Only in 1979 did the Veiled Prophet Organization admit its first black members, three physicians. In 1987, fair officials and St. Louis Metro Police Department were confronted with accusations of racism when they closed the Eads Bridge to pedestrian access, which reduced the ability of attendees from East St. Louis from reaching the fair. East St. Louisans, mostly African American, were blamed for the crime that had been occurring at the fair. Judge John F. Nangle ordered the bridge to reopen, saying that there was no proof that the crime was caused by East St. Louisans.[21] According to Ronald Henges, "People just didn't want other people flaunting their wealth and their position."[22]

The 1980s and 1990s saw the Veiled Prophet Organization become more secretive as the group took steps to lessen its public profile. The Veiled Prophet Ball was reworked in order to be a more private event and the parade changed to be more focused towards general entertainment, though the Veiled Prophet and his entourage still rode in the Parade.[23] The largest change came in 1992 as the VP Fair was renamed to Fair St. Louis, removing all reference to the Veiled Prophet in the Fair's name. Because of construction related to redesign of roadways and the National Gateway Arch Memorial, Fair St. Louis was moved to Forest Park in 2014 and was held there again in 2015.

The ball still occurs on the Friday before Christmas each year, is attended by thousands, and has been protested recently by Black Lives Matter members, as well as the St. Louis based group Missourians Organized for Reform and Empowerment.[24]

In 2018, two "jewel-encrusted" gold and silver Veiled Prophet tiaras, worn by a Special Maid in 1894 and the Queen of Love and Beauty in 1896, were stolen from the Missouri History Museum. They have never been returned.[25]

Though the organization members still dress as the culturally appropriated Bengal Lancer guards, including faux facial hair and darkened skin, the Veiled Prophet organization has tried to recreate their image in 2003 with the addition of the Community Service Initiative (CSI). The CSI arm of the VP organization participates in a wide variety of projects in and around the city of St. Louis.[26]


Due to the demands of world wars, the ball was suspended in 1917–1918 and from 1942 through 1945.

Plan of Coliseum as Arranged for Veiled Prophet's Ball (1913)

In the first part of the 20th century, the ball was held at the St. Louis Coliseum. Later it was held at the Kiel Auditorium until ACTION's lawsuit against the organization for shutting down a public auditorium for weeks at a time, arguing that the common taxpayers did not have access to the event.[2] In the 1950s, the Chase Park Plaza Hotel constructed the opulent Khorassan Ballroom specifically to host the annual debutante ball, and the event was formally moved to the Chase Park Plaza Hotel in December of 1975.[21]

Beginning in 1974 the Veiled Prophet Fair was held on the riverfront.

Since the turn of the 21st century, the Ball has been held at the Downtown St. Louis Hyatt at the Arch.

The Fair was moved from the riverfront to Forest Park in 2014 and 2015 due to construction in the area around the Gateway Memorial Arch and reworking of roadways and the park.


Veiled Prophet queens

Susie Slayback, 1878
Jane Taylor, 1912
Adaline Capen, 1913
Ella Zeibig, 1914
Jane Shapleigh, 1915
Mary D. Jones, 1916
Marian Franciscus, 1919
Ada R. Johnson, 1920
Eleanor Simmons, 1921
Alice Busch, 1922

The Veiled Prophet queens have included:


  • 1878 Susie Slayback[27]
  • 1885 Virginia Joy[28]
  • 1886 Louise (Lulu) Scott[28]
  • 1887 No queen due to visit of President and Mrs. Grover Cleveland[29]
  • 1888 Louise Galennie[28]
  • 1889 Miss Wain (from Cleveland)[30]
  • 1890 Katherine (Kate) Hill[28]
  • 1891 July Thompson[28]
  • 1892 Ellen Sturges[28]
  • 1893 Florence Lucas[31]
  • 1894 Hester Bates Laughlin [32][33]
  • 1895 Bessie Kingsland[32]
  • 1896 Mary Louise McCreery[32][34]
  • 1897 Jane Dorothy Fordyce[32]
  • 1898 Marie Theresa Scanlan[32][34]
  • 1899 Ellen H. Walsh[32]
  • 1900 Susan Larkin Thomson[32]



  • 1951 Mary Kennard Wallace[34]
  • 1952 Sally Shepley[34]
  • 1953 Julia Terry[34]
  • 1954 Barbara Whittemore[34]
  • 1955 Audrey Wallace[34]
  • 1956 Helene Bakewell[34]
  • 1957 Carol Culver[34]
  • 1958 Carolyn Niedringhaus[34]
  • 1959 Laura Rand Orthwein[46]
  • 1960 Sally Ford Curby[50]
  • 1961 Anne Marie Baldwin[50]
  • 1962 Diane Waring Desloge[51]
  • 1963 Anne Kennard Newhard[52]
  • 1964 Alice Busch Condie
  • 1965 Becky Wells Jones
  • 1966 Jane Howard Shapleigh
  • 1967 Rosalie McRee Ewing[47][53]
  • 1968 Rebecca Dixon Williams
  • 1969 Josephine Carr Brodhead
  • 1970 Phoebe Mercer Scott
  • 1971 Lenita Collins Morrill
  • 1972 Hope Florence Jones
  • 1973 Susan Mitchell Conant
  • 1974 Susan Clark Smith
  • 1975 Sarah Hitchcock Moore
  • 1976 Cynthia Gray Danforth
  • 1977 Gertrude Marie Busch
  • 1978 Elizabeth Courtney Johnson
  • 1979 Susan Pierson Smith
  • 1980 Eleanor Church Hawes
  • 1981 Talbot Peters MacCarthy
  • 1982 Alice Margaret Maritz[54]
  • 1983 Elizabeth Ford Johnston[54]
  • 1984 Mary Genevieve Hyland[55]
  • 1985 Jennifer Lee Knight[55]
  • 1986 Stephanie Marie Schnuck[56]
  • 1987 Emily Shepley Barksdale[57]
  • 1988 Elizabeth Gray Elliott[58]
  • 1989 Alice Marie Behan[59]
  • 1990 Carter Gedge Walker[59]
  • 1991 Katherine Hall McDonnell[60]
  • 1992 Kelly Crawford Taylor[61]
  • 1993 McKay Noland Baur[61]
  • 1994 Margaret "Molly" Dunne Hager[62]
  • 1995 Martha Elizabeth "Marka" Matthews[63]
  • 1996 Elizabeth Ann Bryan[64]
  • 1997 Rosalie "Lele" Ewing Engler[47][53]
  • 1998 Josephine Marie Condie[65]
  • 1999 Elizabeth Claire Kemper[66]
  • 2000 Carolyn Elizabeth Schnuck[67]

2001 and after

  • 2001 Julia Ryerson Schlafly[68]
  • 2002 Lucy Hager Schnuck[69]
  • 2003 Lauren Morgan Dorsey Thomas[70]
  • 2004 Elizabeth Garrett Benoist[71]
  • 2005 Julie Anne Stupp[71][72]
  • 2006 Janice Hope Jones[72]
  • 2007 Katherine Remington Martin[73]
  • 2008 Elizabeth Bunn Hailand[73]
  • 2009 Melissa Benton Howe[citation needed]
  • 2010 Laura Hogan Hollo[74]
  • 2011 Eleanor Clark Brennan[74][75]
  • 2012 Margaret Frances Schnuck[76]
  • 2013 Katherine Falk Desloge[77]
  • 2014 Merrill Clark Hermann[78]
  • 2015 Charlotte Capen Jones[79]
  • 2016 Eliza Dooley Johnson[80]
  • 2017 Corinne Marie Condie[81]
  • 2018 Cecelia Ann Fox[82]
  • 2019 Lily Shelton Baur[83]

See also


Similar festivities


  • Thomas M. Spencer, The St. Louis Veiled Prophet Organization: Power on Parade, 1887–1995, Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press, 2000.[ISBN missing]
  • Lucy Ferriss, Unveiling the Prophet: The Misadventures of a Reluctant Debutante, Columbia and London, University of Missouri Press, 2005.[ISBN missing]


  1. ^ "Ball". Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lucy Ferriss, Unveiling the Prophet
  3. ^ "Oct. 3, 1969: Veiled Prophet Ball becomes a scene of racial protest". St. Louis Post Dispatch. October 3, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Spencer, pp. 45–46
  5. ^ Moore, Thomas (1817). Lalla Rookh: An Oriental Romance. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown.
  6. ^ Vincent H. Sanders, Theodore Drury, Jr. (1956). The Story of the Veiled Prophet. llustrated by Charles A. Morganthaler.
  7. ^ Spencer, 2000, p. 30
  8. ^ Spencer (2000), pp. 7–8
  9. ^ "The Veiled Prophet." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 9, 1878, p. 5
  10. ^ Ibrahim, Nur (2 June 2021). "Fact Check: Ellie Kemper, the KKK, and the 'Veiled Prophet Ball'". Snopes. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Veiled Prophet Queen Turns in Her Resignation". Decatur Evening Herald. 23 October 1928. p. 1 – via
  12. ^ History and Culture, St. Louis City Government
  13. ^ Spencer, p. 75
  14. ^ a b "Order of the Veiled Prophet", St. Louis Post Dispatch, January 13, 2004
  15. ^ District 8 and movement unionism, Northern Illinois University
  16. ^ Spencer, pp. 77–78
  17. ^ a b c d e f Spencer (2000), pp. 134–36
  18. ^ a b Spencer (2000), pp. 138–39
  19. ^ Spencer, 2000, p. 133
  20. ^ Beauchamp, Scott (2014-09-02). "The Mystery of St. Louis's Veiled Prophet". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2021-06-01.
  21. ^ a b Spencer, 2000, p. 148.
  22. ^ Spencer (2000), p. 140
  23. ^ Mooney-Melvin, Patricia. "The St. Louis Veiled Prophet Celebration: Power on Parade, 1877–1995." The Annals of Iowa 60 (2001), 295–97.
  24. ^ "The Uneasy Past of the Veiled Prophet Organization: Part II". February 12, 2018.
  25. ^ "Questions remain about jewel-encrusted tiaras stolen from Missouri History Museum". April 18, 2018.
  26. ^ "Veiled Prophet Organization".
  27. ^ "Belle of First Ball Tells How She Felt," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 7, 1958, image 39
  28. ^ a b c d e f Marguerite Martyn, "The Veiled Prophet's Early Visits to His City," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 7, 1931, image 30
  29. ^ "Prophet at First Chose a Dancing Partner at Ball," The St. Louis Star, September 30, 1915, image 22
  30. ^ "The Prophet's Pageant," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 9, 1889, p. 9
  31. ^ "Gossip About People," St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat, October 4, 1893, image10
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "List of Queens Chosen by the Veiled Prophet Since 1894," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 6, 1915
  33. ^ Hester Bates Laughlin was the first of the crowned queens. Before, "it had been the custom of the Prophet to select a girl for his partner in the first dance at the ball."
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Former Queens Summoned by Veiled Prophet," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 18, 1960, image 111
  35. ^ "Adaline Capen's Red Hair Reveals Her as V.P. Queen," The New St. Louis Star, October 8, 1913, image 1
  36. ^ "Elsa Zeibig Is Crowned Queen at Ball of V.P., St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 7, 1914, image 1
  37. ^ "Veiled Prophet's Ball a Brilliant Community Fete," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 4, 1916, image 3
  38. ^ Foster Eaton, "The Veiled Prophet Comes to St. Louis Again!" St. Louis Star-Times, October 4, 1946, image 21
  39. ^ "Gowns Worn at V.P. Ball Remarkable for Their Splendor," St. Louis Daily Globe-Democrat, October 6, 1920, image 3
  40. ^ "8000 Attend Ceremony at Coliseum," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 6, 1920, image 1
  41. ^ a b "Miss Alice Busch, New Queen of Prophet's Court, Fond of Outdoor Sports," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 4, 1923, image 3
  42. ^ "Four Debut Parties Give Added Gaiety to Unusually Busy Week," The St. Louis Star November 10, 1923, image 7
  43. ^ "Queen of the Veiled Prophet's Ball," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, October 9, 1924, image 1
  44. ^ "Social Activities," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 27, 1925, image 21
  45. ^ "Prophet Names His Queen Amid Blaze of Color". The St. Louis Star and Times. October 4, 1928. p. 1 – via
  46. ^ a b Edward A. Higgins, "Miss Laura Rand Orthwein Crowned Veiled Prophet Queen," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 7, 1959, image 1
  47. ^ a b c Joan Foster Dames, "New Veiled Prophet Queen Is Crowned; Her Mother and Grandmother Also Held the Title," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 21, 1997, image 52]
  48. ^ "Veiled Prophet Ball, Parade, Canceled," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, August 4, 1945, image 1
  49. ^ "Veiled Prophet Parade Oct. 8," St. Louis Star-Times, July 8, 1946, image 3
  50. ^ a b "Veiled Prophet Queen Bows In," The Kansas City Times, October 4, 1961, image 17
  51. ^ Jane Allen Connett, "Festive Parties on Holiday Calendar, St. Louis Globe-Democrat, December 5, 1962, image 18
  52. ^ "Miss Anne Newhard Crowned Queen in Glittering Ceremony," September 28, 1963, image 1
  53. ^ a b Joan Foster Dames, "Veiled Prophet Gala Transforms Ballroom Into Throne Room," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 24, 1997, image 35
  54. ^ a b Patricia Rice, "Santa Claus Shares Limelight With Veiled Prophet at Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 1983, image 29
  55. ^ a b Patricia Rice, "The Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 22, 1985, image 31
  56. ^ Ellen Futterman, "An Evening of Love and Beauty," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 22,, 1986, image 55
  57. ^ Georgia Sauer, "A Beauty of a Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 21, 1987, image 51
  58. ^ Patricia Corrigan, "A Beauty of a Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 24, 1988, image 33
  59. ^ a b Ellen Futterman, "Snow Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 26, 1980, image 59
  60. ^ Jerry Berger, "Keeping the Ball Rolling," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 26, 1991, image 59
  61. ^ a b "McKay Noland Baur, 20, crowned VP Ball Queen," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 24, 1993, image 2
  62. ^ Joan Foster Dames, "Maids Presented to Veiled Prophet," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 1, 1995, image 127
  63. ^ "96th Queen Reigns at Annual VP Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 1995, image 2
  64. ^ "There She Is," St. Louiis Post-Dispatch, December 22, 1996, image 55
  65. ^ Joan Foster Dames, "Jodie Condie Reigns as Queen of the Court at Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 20, 1998, image 36
  66. ^ Princeton Freshman Is the '99 Veiled Prophet Queen," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 24, 1999, image 2
  67. ^ "Carolyn E. Schnuck Is Crowned Queen at Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 24, image 34
  68. ^ Jerry Berger, "Julia Schlafly Is Crowned Queen at Veiled Prophet Ball at Adam's Mark," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2001, image 2
  69. ^ Jerry Berger, "Well-Dressed Wag Lifts the Veil Off the VIPs at the Ball St. Louis Still Loves," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 22, 2002, image2
  70. ^ "VP Queen's Crown Shines Brightly on a Gilded Evening," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 21, 2003
  71. ^ a b "Queen of Love, Beauty," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2005, p. C001
  72. ^ a b "Colgate Student Is Crowned Queen," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2006, p. A011
  73. ^ a b "For Veiled Prophet, a New Queen, Again," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 21, 2008, p. D015
  74. ^ a b Rhonda Weiche, Ladue-Frontenac Patch, December 23, 2011
  75. ^ "Sophomore Crowned at St. Louis' Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, cited by DePauw University
  76. ^ Tim Townsend, "New Queen Crowned at the 128th Annual Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2012, p. A002
  77. ^ Kavita Kumar, "Katherine Desloge of Ladue Is New Queen of Love and Beauty," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 22, 2013
  78. ^ "Hermann Is Queen at Veiled Prophet Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 21, 2014, p. A003
  79. ^ "Digest," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2015, p. A003
  80. ^ Blythe Bernhard, "Fun Mix of Quirky, Traditional," St. Louis Post-Dispatch July 2, 2017, p. A15
  81. ^ "Digest," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2017, p. A03
  82. ^ "Veiled Prophet Ball Names Its Newest Queen," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 23, 2018, p. A6
  83. ^ "Queen Crowned at VP Ball," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, December 22, 2019, p. A6

Further reading

  • Darst, Katherine. "The Prophet's Pearls", The St. Louis Magazine, Vol. 1, No. 4, Sept. 1963.
  • Nance, Susan. "The Veiled Prophet's Oriental Tale: St. Louis' Famous Festivals in Context, 1878–1895." Missouri Historical Review 103, no. 2 (January 2009): 90–107.
  • Stevens, Walter B. St. Louis The Fourth City, 1764–1909, S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1909.[ISBN missing]

External links


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