Pete Buttigieg

Pete Buttigieg
Pete Buttigieg official photo.jpg
Official portrait, 2021
19th United States Secretary of Transportation
Assumed office
February 3, 2021
PresidentJoe Biden
DeputyPolly Trottenberg
Preceded byElaine Chao
32nd Mayor of South Bend
In office
January 1, 2012 – January 1, 2020
Preceded bySteve Luecke
Succeeded byJames Mueller
Personal details
Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg

(1982-01-19) January 19, 1982 (age 39)
South Bend, Indiana, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 2018)
EducationHarvard University (AB)
Pembroke College, Oxford (BA)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Service years2009–2017
RankUS Navy O3 infobox.svg Lieutenant
UnitUnited States Navy Reserve
Battles/warsWar in Afghanistan
AwardsJoint Service Commendation Medal ribbon.svg Joint Service Commendation Medal

Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg[1] (/ˈbtəə/ BOOT-ə-jəj;[a][2][3] born January 19, 1982) is an American politician who has served as the United States secretary of transportation since February 3, 2021.[4][5] A member of the Democratic Party, he was the 32nd mayor of South Bend, Indiana from 2012 through 2020.

Buttigieg is a graduate of Harvard College and Oxford University, attending the latter on a Rhodes Scholarship. From 2009 to 2017, he was an intelligence officer in the United States Navy Reserve, attaining the rank of lieutenant. He was mobilized and deployed to the War in Afghanistan for seven months in 2014.[6] Before being elected as Mayor of South Bend in 2011, Buttigieg worked on the political campaigns of Democrats Jill Long Thompson, Joe Donnelly, and John Kerry, and ran unsuccessfully as the Democratic nominee for Indiana state treasurer in 2010. While serving as mayor, Buttigieg came out as gay in 2015. He married Chasten Glezman, a schoolteacher, writer, and LGBT rights advocate, in June 2018. Buttigieg declined to seek a third term as mayor.

Buttigieg ran as a candidate for president in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries, launching his campaign for the 2020 United States presidential election on April 14, 2019.[7][8] He became the first openly LGBT person to launch a major presidential campaign.[9] Despite initially low expectations, he gained significant momentum in mid-2019 when he participated in several town halls and debates. Buttigieg narrowly won the Iowa caucuses and placed a close second in the New Hampshire primary.[10][11][12] By winning Iowa, he became the first openly LGBT candidate to win a presidential primary or caucus.[13] Buttigieg dropped out of the race on March 1, 2020, and endorsed Joe Biden the following day.[14][15]

In December 2020, President-elect Biden named Buttigieg as his nominee to be Secretary of Transportation.[16] His nomination was confirmed on February 2, 2021 by a vote of 86–13, making him the first openly LGBT Cabinet member in U.S. history.[b][17] Nominated at age 38, he is also the youngest Cabinet secretary in the Biden administration and the youngest person ever to serve as Secretary of Transportation.[18][19]

Early life and career

Buttigieg was born on January 19, 1982, in South Bend, Indiana, the only child of Jennifer Anne Montgomery and Joseph A. Buttigieg. His mother uses the name Anne Montgomery.[20][21][22][23][24][25] His parents met and married while employed as faculty at New Mexico State University.[26] His father was born and raised in Hamrun, Malta, and had studied to be a Jesuit before emigrating to the United States and embarking on a secular career as a professor of literature at the University of Notre Dame near South Bend,[27][28] where he taught for 29 years.[29] His father is a translator and editor of the three-volume English edition of Marxist philosopher Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks and influenced his pursuit of literature in college.[30] His mother was born in Stanislaus County, California,[31][user-generated source?] graduated from Radford High School in El Paso, Texas,[32] and attended the University of Texas at Austin, receiving her BA and MA in 1967;[31][user-generated source?] her mother was born in Oklahoma,[20][33] and her father was born in Indiana.[20][34]


Buttigieg was valedictorian of the class of 2000 at St. Joseph High School in South Bend.[35] That year, he won first prize in the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum's Profiles in Courage essay contest. He traveled to Boston to accept the award and met Caroline Kennedy and other members of President Kennedy's family. The subject of his winning essay was the integrity and political courage of then U.S. representative Bernie Sanders of Vermont, one of only two independent politicians in Congress.[36][37] In 2000, Buttigieg was also chosen as one of two student delegates from Indiana to the United States Senate Youth Program,[38] an annual scholarship competition sponsored jointly by the U.S. Senate and the Hearst Foundations.[39]

Buttigieg attended Harvard University, where he majored in history and literature.[40] He became president of the Student Advisory Committee of the Harvard Institute of Politics and worked on the institute's annual study of youth attitudes on politics.[41][42] He wrote his undergraduate thesis, titled The Quiet American's Errand into the Wilderness, on the influence of Puritanism on U.S. foreign policy as reflected in Graham Greene's novel The Quiet American.[43][44] The title of his thesis is also an allusion to American historian Perry Miller's work Errand into the Wilderness.[45] He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard in 2004, and was elected a member of Phi Beta Kappa.[1]

Buttigieg was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship to study at the University of Oxford.[1] In 2007, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree with first-class honours in philosophy, politics, and economics after studying at Pembroke College, Oxford.[46][47][48][49] At Oxford, he was an editor of the Oxford International Review,[50] and was a co-founder[50] and member of the Democratic Renaissance Project, an informal debate and discussion group of about a dozen Oxford students.[51][52]

Professional career

Before graduating from college, Buttigieg was an investigative intern at WMAQ-TV, Chicago's NBC News affiliate.[53] He also interned for Democrat Jill Long Thompson during her unsuccessful 2002 congressional bid.[54]

After college, Buttigieg worked on John Kerry's 2004 presidential campaign as a policy and research specialist for several months in Arizona and New Mexico.[55][56] When he accepted the offer to work for Kerry's campaign, he declined another to work for Barack Obama's 2004 United States Senate campaign.[55] From 2004 to 2005, Buttigieg was conference director of the Cohen Group.[57] In 2006, he lent assistance to Joe Donnelly's successful congressional campaign.[58]

After earning his Oxford degree, in 2007 Buttigieg became a consultant at the Chicago office of McKinsey & Company,[59][60] where he worked on energy, retail, economic development, and logistics for three years.[61][62] His clients at McKinsey included the health insurer Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, electronics retailer Best Buy, Canadian supermarket chain Loblaws, two nonprofit environmentalist groups (the Natural Resources Defense Council and Energy Foundation) and several U.S. government agencies (the EPA, Energy Department, Defense Department, and Postal Service).[63][64] He took a leave of absence from McKinsey in 2008 to become research director for Jill Long Thompson's unsuccessful campaign for Indiana governor.[65][66][67] Buttigieg left McKinsey in 2010 in order to focus full-time on his campaign for Indiana state treasurer.[59]

Buttigieg has been involved with the Truman National Security Project since 2005 and serves as a fellow with expertise in Afghanistan and Pakistan.[61] In 2014, he was named to the organization's board of advisors.[68]

Military service

In 2014, Buttigieg began his deployment at Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan.

Buttigieg joined the U.S. Navy Reserve through the direct commission officer (DCO) program and was sworn in as an ensign in naval intelligence in September 2009.[69] In 2014, he took a seven-month leave during his mayoral term to deploy to Afghanistan.[70][71][72] While there, Buttigieg was part of a unit assigned to identify and disrupt terrorist finance networks. Part of this was done at Bagram Air Base, but he was also an armed driver for his commander on more than 100 trips into Kabul. Buttigieg has jokingly has referred to this role as "military Uber", because he had to watch out for ambushes and explosive devices along the roads and ensure that the vehicle was guarded.[73] In order to better communicate with the local Afghans, he learned some Dari (a dialect of the Persian language). Buttigieg was awarded the Joint Service Commendation Medal.[6] He resigned his commission from the U.S. Navy Reserve in 2017.[74][75]

Indiana state treasurer election

Buttigieg was the Democratic nominee for state treasurer of Indiana in 2010. He received 37.5% of the vote, losing to Republican incumbent Richard Mourdock.[76][77] Much of Buttigieg's campaign had focused on criticizing Mourdock for investing state pension funds in Chrysler junk bonds, and for having subsequently filed a lawsuit against Chrysler's bankruptcy restructuring, which Buttigieg argued imperiled Chrysler jobs in the state of Indiana.[78][79][80]

Mayor of South Bend, Indiana

First term

Buttigieg campaign photo for Indiana State Treasurer in March 2010

Buttigieg was elected mayor of South Bend in the November 2011 election, with 10,991 of the 14,883 votes cast (74%).[81] He took office in January 2012 at the age of 29, becoming the second-youngest mayor in South Bend history (Schuyler Colfax III had become mayor in 1898 when aged 28)[82] and the youngest incumbent mayor, at the time, of a U.S. city with at least 100,000 residents.[81]

On April 14, 2011, before Buttigieg took office as mayor, Jiha'd Vasquez, a 16-year-old black boy, was found hanging from an electrical tower.[83][84] Vasquez's backpack, on the ground near his body, had several items missing, according to Vasquez's mother Stephanie Jones.[83] The coroner, Chuck Hurley, who had no medical experience, claimed Vasquez's death was a suicide; Buttigieg later appointed Hurley to serve as interim police chief.[83] Vasquez's body was cremated without an autopsy being conducted.[83] Jones attempted to get Buttigieg to investigate her son's death, but he did not, fearing "potential political risks."[83] According to Jones, Buttigieg told her to call his office, but she never got a response.[83] Jones and South Bend NAACP legal redress chair Tom Bush claimed the event was a cover-up, with Bush saying he suspected the Ku Klux Klan may be involved and hoped for a federal investigation, but did not expect it, saying "the only reason this will get done is if you’re on a microphone yelling and screaming."[85] When Buttigieg's presidential campaign was asked about the incident by a reporter in 2019, they did not give a response.[83] In 2019, Jones and St. Joseph County coroner Mike McGann argued that the case should be reopened; however, sheriff William Redman said he would not consider reopening the case unless further evidence came to light.[85]

In 2012, after a federal investigation ruled that South Bend police had illegally recorded telephone calls of several officers, Buttigieg demoted police chief Darryl Boykins.[86] (Boykins had first been appointed in 2008 by Mayor Stephen Luecke, and reappointed by Buttigieg earlier in 2012.[87]) Buttigieg also dismissed the department's communications director, the one who had actually "discovered the recordings but continued to record the line at Boykins' command".[86] The police communications director alleged that the recordings captured four senior police officers making racist remarks and discussing illegal acts.[86][88] The city is 26% black, but only 6% of the police force is black.[89]

Buttigieg has written that his "first serious mistake as mayor" came shortly after taking office in 2012, when he decided to ask for Boykins's resignation. The city's first ever African-American police chief accepted the request. However, the next day, backed by supporters and legal counsel, Boykin requested reinstatement. When Buttigieg denied this request, Boykin sued the city for racial discrimination,[90] arguing that the taping policy had existed under previous police chiefs, who were white.[91] Buttigieg settled the suits brought by Boykins and the four officers out of court for over $800,000.[86][92] A federal judge ruled in 2015 that Boykins's recordings violated the Federal Wiretap Act.[88] Buttigieg came under pressure from political opponents to release the tapes, but said that doing so would be a violation of the Wiretap Act.[88] He called for the eradication of racial bias in the police force.[86] An Indiana court is hearing a case for the release of the tapes.[91]

As mayor, Buttigieg promoted a number of development and redevelopment projects.[93] Buttigieg was a leading figure behind the creation of a nightly laser-light display along downtown South Bend's St. Joseph River trail as public art. The project cost $700,000, which was raised from private funds.[94] The "River Lights" installation was unveiled in May 2015 as part of the city's 150th anniversary celebrations.[86] He also oversaw the city's launching of a 3-1-1 system in 2013.[95][96] Buttigieg's administration oversaw the sale of numerous city-owned properties.[97][98][99][100] One of Buttigieg's signature programs was the "Vacant and Abandoned Properties Initiative". Known locally as "1,000 Properties in 1,000 Days", it is a project to repair or demolish blighted properties across South Bend.[101][102] The program reached its goal two months before its scheduled end date in November 2015.[103] By the thousandth day of the program, before Buttigieg's first term ended, nearly 40% of the targeted houses were repaired, and 679 were demolished or under contract for demolition.[104] Buttigieg took note of the fact that many homes within communities of color were the ones demolished, leading to early distrust between the city and these communities.[105]

While mayor, Buttigieg served for seven months in Afghanistan as a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy Reserve, returning to the United States on September 23, 2014.[106] While deployed, he was assigned to the Afghan Threat Finance Cell, a counterterrorism unit that targeted Taliban insurgency financing.[107][108] In his absence, Deputy Mayor Mark Neal, South Bend's city comptroller, served as executive from February 2014 until Buttigieg returned to his role as mayor in October 2014.[81][106][109]

In 2015, during the controversy over Indiana Senate Bill 101 – the original version of which was widely criticized for allowing discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people – Buttigieg emerged as a leading opponent of the legislation. Amid his reelection campaign, he came out as gay to express his solidarity with the LGBTQ community.[110][111]

Second term

In 2014, Buttigieg announced that he would seek a second term in 2015.[112] He won the Democratic primary with 78% of the vote, defeating Henry Davis Jr., the city councilman from the second district.[113] In November 2015, he was elected to his second term as mayor with over 80% of the vote, defeating Republican Kelly Jones by a margin of 8,515 to 2,074 votes.[114]

In 2013, Buttigieg proposed a "Smart Streets" urban development program to improve South Bend's downtown area,[86] and in early 2015 – after traffic studies and public hearings – he secured a bond issue for the program backed by tax increment financing.[115][116] "Smart Streets" was a complete streets implementation program.[117] "Smart Streets" was aimed at improving economic development and urban vibrancy as well as road safety.[118] Elements of the project were finished in 2016,[86] and it was officially completed in 2017.[118] The project was credited with spurring private development in the city.[116]

In 2016, Buttigieg signed an executive order helping to establish a recognized city identification card.[119][120]

In a new phase of the Vacant and Abandoned Properties Initiative, South Bend partnered with the Notre Dame Clinical Law Center to provide free legal assistance to qualifying applicants wishing to acquire vacant lots and, with local nonprofits, to repair or construct homes and provide low-income home ownership assistance using South Bend HUD (Housing and Urban Development) funds.[121][122]

Studebaker Building 84 in 2014

In 2016, the City of South Bend partnered with the State of Indiana and private developers to break ground on a $165 million renovation of the former Studebaker complex, with the aim to make the complex home to tech companies and residential condos.[123] This development is in the so-called "Renaissance District", which includes nearby Ignition Park.[124][125] In 2017, it was announced that the long-abandoned Studebaker Building 84 (also known as "Ivy Tower") would have its exterior renovated with $3.5 million in Regional Cities funds from the State of Indiana and another $3.5 million from South Bend tax increment financing, with plans for the building and other structures in its complex to serve as a technology hub.[126]

Under Buttigieg, the city also began a "smart sewer" program, the first phase of which was finished in 2017 at a cost of $150 million.[124] The effort utilized federal funds[127] and by 2019 had reduced the combined sewer overflow by 75%.[124] The impetus for the effort was a fine that the EPA had levied against the city in 2011 for Clean Water Act violations.[124] However, Buttigieg also, in 2019, sought for the city to be released from an agreement with the EPA brokered under his mayoral predecessor Steve Luecke, in which South Bend had agreed to make hundreds of millions dollars in further improvements to its sewer system by 2031.[128]

In April 2019, the Common Council approved Buttigieg's request to enable his administration to develop a city climate plan. The Common Council did so, and that month Buttigieg contracted with the Chicago firm Delta Institute to develop a plan.[129] In late November 2019, the city's Common Council voted 7–0 to approve the resultant "Carbon Neutral 2050" plan, setting the goal of meeting the Paris Agreement's 26% emission reduction by 2025, and aiming for a further reductions of 45% by 2035.[130]

Buttigieg continued to support private developments in the city.[131][132][133][134][135] By one account, by the year 2019, the city had seen $374 million in private investment for mixed-use developments since Buttigieg had taken office.[136][94] By another account, during Buttigieg's tenure, Downtown South Bend saw roughly $200 million in private investment.[137]

Buttigieg proposed moving the city's South Shore Line station

Beginning in August 2018, Buttigieg promoted the idea of moving the city's South Shore Line station from South Bend International Airport to the city's downtown.[138] He made it a goal to have the city complete this project by 2025.[139]

In 2019, South Bend launched Commuters Trust, a new transportation benefit program created in collaboration with local employers and transportation providers (including South Bend Transpo and Lyft) and made possible by a $1 million three-year grant from Bloomberg Philanthropies Mayors Challenge.[140][141]

Under Buttigieg, South Bend invested $50 million in the city's parks, many of which had been neglected during the preceding decades.[94]

There was a strong public reaction to the police shooting of Eric Logan

After a white South Bend police officer shot and killed Eric Logan, an African-American man, in June 2019, Buttigieg was drawn from his presidential campaign to focus on the emerging public reaction. Body cameras were not turned on during Logan's death.[142] Soon after Logan's death, Buttigieg presided over a town hall attended by disaffected activists from the African-American community as well as relatives of the deceased man. The local police union accused Buttigieg of making decisions for political gain.[143][144] In November 2019, Buttigieg secured $180,000 to commission a review of South Bend's police department policies and practices to be conducted by Chicago-based consulting firm 21CP Solutions.[145]

In 2020, the website "Best Cities" ranked South Bend number 39 on its list of the 100 best small cities in the United States, giving much credit to the progress made under Buttigieg.[146]

Increased national profile

In the 2016 U.S. Senate election in Indiana, he campaigned on behalf of Democratic Senate nominee Evan Bayh[147] and criticized Bayh's opponent, Todd Young, for having voiced support in 2010 for retaining the military's don't ask, don't tell policy, which Bayh had voted to repeal.[148] In the 2016 Democratic presidential primaries, Buttigieg endorsed Hillary Clinton.[149] He also endorsed Democratic nominee Lynn Coleman in that year's election for Indiana's 2nd congressional district, which includes South Bend.[150]

In 2016, columnist Frank Bruni of The New York Times published a column praising Buttigieg's work as mayor, with a headline asking if he might be "the first gay president".[151] Additionally, Barack Obama was cited as mentioning him as one of the Democratic Party's talents in a November 2016 profile on the outgoing president conducted by The New Yorker.[152]

By the end of 2017, it had been noted that, as his national profile increased following his run in the 2017 DNC chairmanship election, Buttigieg had increased his out-of-city travel.[153] By the early months of 2018, there was speculation that Buttigieg was looking towards running for either governor or president in the year 2020.[154][155] There was some speculation that, despite a presidential bid being a long shot, he garner enough recognition to become a dark horse contender for the vice presidential slot on the Democratic ticket.[154]

For the 2018 midterms, Buttigieg founded the political action committee Hitting Home PAC.[156] That October, Buttigieg personally endorsed 21 congressional candidates.[157] He also later endorsed Mel Hall, Democratic nominee in the election for Indiana's 2nd congressional district.[158] Buttigieg also campaigned in support of Joe Donnelly's reelection campaign in the United States Senate election in Indiana.[159] Buttigieg campaigned for candidates in more than a dozen states, including early presidential primary states such as Iowa and South Carolina, a move indicating potential interest in running for president.[157] He officially announced his run on January 23, 2019.[160]

Succession as mayor

In December 2018, Buttigieg announced that he would not seek a third term as mayor of South Bend.[161] In February 2019, Buttigieg endorsed James Mueller in the 2019 South Bend mayoral election.[162][163] Mueller was a high-school classmate of Buttigieg's and his mayoral chief of staff, and later executive director of the South Bend Department of Community Investment.[162] Mueller's campaign promised to continue the progress that had been made under Buttigieg's mayoralty.[164] Buttigieg appeared in campaign ads for Mueller and donated to Mueller's campaign.[165] Mueller won the May 2019 Democratic primary with 37% of the vote in a crowded field.[166][162][167] In the November 2019 general election, Mueller defeated Republican nominee Sean M. Haas with 63% of the vote.[168][169] Mueller took office on New Year's Day 2020.[24]

DNC chairmanship campaign

Buttigieg campaigning for DNC chair in 2017

In January 2017, Buttigieg announced his candidacy for chair of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) in its 2017 chairmanship election.[170] He built a national profile as an emerging dark horse in the race for the chairmanship with the backing of former DNC chairman Howard Dean, former Maryland governor Martin O'Malley, Indiana senator Joe Donnelly, and North Dakota senator Heidi Heitkamp.[171][172] Buttigieg "campaigned on the idea that the aging Democratic Party needed to empower its millennial members".[171]

Former U.S. Secretary of Labor Tom Perez and U.S. representative Keith Ellison quickly emerged as the favored candidates of a majority of DNC members. Buttigieg withdrew from the race on the day of the election without endorsing a candidate, and Perez was elected chair after two rounds of voting.[171]

2020 presidential campaign

Buttigieg announcing his candidacy for president in 2020 on April 14, 2019

On January 23, 2019, Buttigieg announced that he was forming an exploratory committee to run for President of the United States in the upcoming 2020 election.[173] Buttigieg sought the Democratic Party nomination for president.[174][175] If he had been elected, he would have been the youngest and first openly gay American president.[173] Buttigieg officially launched his campaign on April 14, 2019, in South Bend.[8][176]

Buttigieg described himself as a progressive and a supporter of democratic capitalism.[177] Historian David Mislin identifies Buttigieg as a pragmatic progressive in the tradition of the Social Gospel movement once strong in the Midwest.[178] Buttigieg identifies regulatory capture as a significant problem in American society.[177] Amid the start of his presidential effort, Buttigieg published his debut book, autobiography Shortest Way Home.

Initially regarded as a long-shot candidate,[179][180][181] Buttigieg rose into the top-tier of candidates in the primary by December 2019.[182] In early February 2020, Buttigieg led the 2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses results with 26.2% to Bernie Sanders' 26.1%, winning 14 delegates to Sanders's 12.[183][184] The LGBTQ Victory Fund, Buttigieg's first national endorsement,[c] noted the historical first of an LGBTQ candidate winning a state presidential primary.[185] Buttigieg finished second behind Sanders in the New Hampshire primary.[11] After placing a fourth in the South Carolina primary with 8.2% of the vote, behind Joe Biden (48.7%), Bernie Sanders (19.8%), and Tom Steyer (11.3%); he dropped out of the race on March 1, 2020, and endorsed Biden.[14][15]

Post-presidential campaign

In April 2020, Buttigieg launched Win The Era PAC – a new super PAC to raise money and distribute it to down-ballot Democrats.[186] The PAC focused on local elected positions, and its list of endorsements included candidates such as Jaime Harrison, Cal Cunningham, Gina Ortiz Jones, Christine Hunschofsky, and Levar Stoney.[187] On June 8, 2020, the University of Notre Dame announced that it had hired Buttigieg as a teacher and researcher for the 2020–21 academic year.[188]

Buttigieg acted as a surrogate for Biden's campaign in the general election.[189][190] He delivered a speech on the closing night of the 2020 Democratic National Convention,[191] and also announced Indiana's votes during the convention's roll call.[192] On September 5, 2020, Buttigieg was announced to be a member of the advisory council of the Biden-Harris Transition Team, which was planning the presidential transition of Joe Biden.[193][194] Ahead of the vice presidential debate, Buttigieg played the role as a stand-in for Republican vice president Mike Pence in Democratic vice presidential nominee Kamala Harris's debate prep. Buttigieg was selected to do this because of his experience working with Pence during the overlapping time when Buttigieg was serving as mayor and Pence was serving as governor of Indiana.[195]

In October 2020, Buttigieg released his second book, Trust: America's Best Chance.[196]

Secretary of Transportation

Vice President Kamala Harris swears in Buttigieg as Transportation secretary, February 3, 2021

Following the end of his presidential campaign, Buttigieg was considered a possible Cabinet appointee in Joe Biden's administration.[197][198] After Biden was declared the winner of the election on November 7, 2020, Buttigieg was again mentioned as a possible nominee for Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Ambassador to the United Nations, Ambassador to China or Secretary of Transportation.[199] On December 15, 2020, Biden announced that he would nominate Buttigieg as his Secretary of Transportation.[16] The Senate Commerce Committee advanced Buttigieg's nomination to the full Senate with a vote of 21–3.[200] Buttigieg was confirmed on February 2, 2021, with a vote of 86–13;[201] and was sworn in the next morning.[202]

Buttigieg vists Washington Union Station on his first full day as Secretary of Transportation

In his early acts as secretary, Buttigieg worked on re-organizing the department's internal policy structure, including carrying out a thorough review process of rules enacted under the Trump administration.[203][204]

In late February 2021, Buttigieg addressed the African American Mayors Association to discuss systemic racism. He argued that misguided investments in the federal transport and infrastructure policy had contributed to racial inequity.[205] In early March, Politico noted that Buttigieg had mentioned racial equity in almost every interview he gave to the press as it related to his work at the department.[206]

Early into his tenure, Buttigieg noted that the United States' actions surrounding road traffic safety is lacking and encouraged the improved design of roads. He also encouraged a shift in the policy from decisions based on cars to decisions based on human actions.[207]

In March 2021, Buttigieg indicated he was open to tolls on Interstate 80, but not the tollage of bridges, suggesting "big picture solutions" instead, like a mileage tax.[208][209] The Biden administration, however, did not include a gas tax or mileage tax in the infrastructure plan it released that month.[210]

In late March 2021, Buttigieg informed Congress that the administration was planning to prioritize the construction of the Gateway Rail Tunnel Project due to its economic significance.[211] The progress of the project, which was stalled by President Trump,[212] was announced to be moving faster, according to New York senator, Chuck Schumer. Buttigieg announced the environmental impact assessment of the project - which was largely seen as a sign of major progress in the project.[213]

Buttigieg has served as a promoter of the American Jobs Plan.[214]

On May 19, 2021, Buttigieg reinstated a Obama-era pilot program which ensures local hiring for public works projects, with the goal of helping minorities and disadvantaged individuals. This program had been revoked in 2017 during the Trump administration, when the Department of Transportation (under the leadership of Elaine Chao) moved back to rules established during the Reagan administration, which banned geographic-based hiring preferences.[215]

Political positions


During his 2020 campaign for the Democratic nomination, Buttigieg proposed spending $1 trillion on U.S. infrastructure projects over the next ten years, estimating that the plan would create at least six million jobs. The plan focused on green energy, protecting tap water from lead, fixing roads and bridges, improving public transportation, repairing schools, guaranteeing broadband internet access, and preparing communities for floods and other natural disasters.[216][217][218]

Social issues

Buttigieg supports abortion rights[219][220] and the repeal of the Hyde Amendment, which blocks federal funding for abortion services except in cases of rape, incest, or the life of the mother is in danger.[221] He favors amending civil rights legislation, including the Federal Equality Act so that LGBT Americans receive federal non-discrimination protections.[222]

Buttigieg supports expanding opportunities for national service, including a voluntary year of national service for those turning 18 years old.[223][224][225]

In July 2019, Buttigieg shared his "Douglass Plan", named after abolitionist Frederick Douglass, to address systemic racism in America.[226] The initiative would allocate $10 billion to African-American entrepreneurship over five years, grant $25 billion to historically black colleges, legalize marijuana, expunge drug convictions, halve the federal prison population, and propose a federal New Voting Rights Act designed to increase voting access.[227][226]

Buttigieg supports eliminating the death penalty,[228] marijuana legalization,[229] moving toward reversing criminal sentences for minor drug-related offenses,[230] and eliminating incarceration for drug possession offenses.[231]

In 2019, he called for the U.S. to "decriminalize mental illness and addiction through diversion, treatment, and re-entry programs" with a goal of decreasing "the number of people incarcerated due to mental illness or substance use by 75% in the first term."[232][233]

Voting rights

Buttigieg favors the abolition of the Electoral College[234] and has also called for restoring voting rights to felons who have completed their prison sentences.[230][235]

Campaign finance reform

He supports a constitutional amendment on campaign finance to reduce the undue influence of money in politics.[236] During his 2020 presidential run in response to accusation of campaign finance concerns Buttigieg's campaign told Newsweek that the candidate does "not accept contributions from registered federal lobbyists, corporate PACs or the fossil fuel industry." In the statement, it was also made known that "Pete has made enacting critical campaign finance reforms part of his campaign platform, including strengthening the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and pushing to overturn Citizens United and Buckley v. Valeo, if necessary, by a constitutional amendment."[237]

Statehood advocacy

Buttigieg supports statehood for the District of Columbia, and said that he would support Puerto Rico statehood if desired by the Puerto Rican people.[234]

Climate change

Buttigieg at a town hall meeting in Des Moines on October 12, 2019, with supporters holding signs saying "Climate is a Crisis"

During his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination, Buttigieg stated that, if elected, he would restore the United States' commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement and double its pledge to the Green Climate Fund. He also supports the Green New Deal proposed by House Democrats,[238][239] solar panel subsidies, and a carbon tax and dividend policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.[240][241]

Economic beliefs

Buttigieg speaking at the 2019 Iowa Federation of Labor Convention

Buttigieg identifies as a democratic capitalist and has decried crony capitalism.[242] He has entertained the possibility of antitrust actions against large technology companies on the basis of privacy and data security concerns.[243] During the Democratic primary, he supported deficit and debt reduction, arguing that large debt makes it harder to invest in infrastructure, health and safety.[244]

Workers' rights

In July 2019, he released a plan to strengthen union bargaining power, to raise the minimum wage to $15, and to offer national paid family leave.[245]


Buttigieg speaking to the Iowa State Education Association in 2020

Buttigieg's education plan includes a $700 billion investment in universal full-day child care and pre-K for all children from infancy to age 5.[246] Buttigieg also wants to triple Title I funding for schools.[247] Other goals include doubling the amount of new teachers of color in the next 10 years, addressing school segregation with a $500 million fund, paying teachers more, expanding mental health services in schools, and creating more after-school programs and summer learning opportunities.[246]

His plan for debt-free college partially involves expanding Pell Grants for low and middle-income students, as well as other investments and ending Trump's tax cuts for the wealthy.[248] Under his plan, the bottom 80% of students would get free college, with the other 20% paying some or all of the tuition themselves on a sliding scale.[249] Buttigieg opposes free college tuition for all students because he believes it unfairly subsidizes higher-income families at the expense of lower-income people who do not attend college, a position distinguishing him from other progressives who support free college tuition for all.[250]

Foreign policy

Buttigieg speaking with in 2019

Buttigieg called for modifying the structure of defense spending,[251] while suggesting that he might favor an overall increase in defense spending.[252]

Buttigieg has said that he believes the 2001 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan following the September 11 attacks was justified[243] but now supports withdrawing American troops from the region with a maintained intelligence presence.[253] He is a committed supporter of Israel,[254][255] favors a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,[255][256] opposes proposals for Israel to annex the Israeli-occupied West Bank,[255] and disapproves of Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu's comments in support of applying Israeli law in Jewish settlements in the West Bank.[257]

In 2008, Buttigieg wrote an op-ed in the New York Times calling on the United States to support the de facto independent Republic of Somaliland[258]

In June 2019, Buttigieg said: "We will remain open to working with a regime like the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for the benefit of the American people. But we can no longer sell out our deepest values for the sake of fossil fuel access and lucrative business deals."[259] He supports ending U.S. support for Saudi Arabia in Saudi Arabia's war in Yemen.[260]

Buttigieg has condemned China for its mass detention of ethnic Uyghurs in Xinjiang.[261] He criticized Trump's decision to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria, which critics say gave Turkey the green light to launch its military offensive against Syrian Kurds.[262]

Health care

Buttigieg opposed Republican efforts to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[123]

In 2018, Buttigieg said he favored Medicare for All.[263] During his presidential campaign, Buttigieg has promoted "Medicare for All Who Want It" (a public option for health insurance).[264][265][266] He has spoken favorably of Maryland's all-payer rate setting.[267] Buttigieg has described "Medicare for All Who Want It" as inclusive, more efficient than the current system, and a possible precursor or "glide path" to single-payer health insurance.[267][266] He also favors a partial expansion of Medicare that would allow Americans ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, and supports proposed legislation (the Family and Medical Insurance Leave Act), that would "create a fund to guarantee up to 12 weeks of partial income for workers to care for newborn children or family members with serious illnesses."[268]

In August 2019, Buttigieg released a $300 billion plan to expand mental health care services and fight addiction.[269][233]


Buttigieg supports Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and has drawn attention to the Trump administration's aggressive deportation policies. He defended a resident of Granger, Indiana, who was deported after living in the U.S. for 17 years despite regularly checking in with ICE and applying for a green card.[270]

Buttigieg has said Trump has been reckless in sending American troops to the southern border, and that it is a measure of last resort.[271]

Personal life

The Cathedral of St. James, which Buttigieg attends

Buttigieg is a Christian,[272][273] and he has said his faith has had a strong influence in his life.[223][274][151] He was baptized in the Catholic Church as an infant and he attended Catholic schools.[273] While at the University of Oxford, Buttigieg began to attend Christ Church Cathedral and said he felt "more-or-less Anglican" by the time he returned to South Bend.[273] St. Augustine, James Martin, and Garry Wills are among his religious influences.[274] A member of the Episcopal Church, Buttigieg is a congregant at the Cathedral of St. James in downtown South Bend.[223]

In addition to his native English, Buttigieg has some knowledge of Norwegian, Spanish, Italian, Maltese, Arabic, Dari Persian, and French.[275][46] Buttigieg plays guitar and piano,[276][277] and in 2013 performed with the South Bend Symphony Orchestra as a guest piano soloist with Ben Folds.[278][279] Buttigieg was a 2014 Aspen Institute Rodel Fellow.[280]

In a June 2015 piece in the South Bend Tribune, Buttigieg came out as gay.[110] By coming out, Buttigieg became Indiana's first openly gay elected executive.[281][282][283] He was the first elected official in Indiana to come out while in office,[284] and the highest elected official in Indiana to come out.[283] Buttigieg was also the first openly gay Democratic presidential candidate, and the second overall, after Republican Fred Karger, who ran in 2012.[285]

Pete and Chasten Buttigieg in 2019

On December 14, 2017, in a post on Facebook, Buttigieg announced his engagement to Chasten Glezman, a junior high school teacher.[286][287] They had been dating since August 2015 after meeting on the dating app Hinge.[28][288] They were married on June 16, 2018, in a private ceremony at the Cathedral of St. James in South Bend.[289][273] This made Buttigieg the first mayor of South Bend to get married while in office.[290] Chasten uses his husband's surname, Buttigieg.[291] Buttigieg and his husband plan to have children in the near future, he revealed on The Carlos Watson Show in September 2020.[292]

Awards and honors

In 2015, Buttigieg was a recipient of the Fenn Award, given by the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library. It was given in recognition of his work as mayor.[293] In June 2019, to mark the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall riots, Queerty named him one of its "Pride50" people identified as "trailblazing individuals who actively ensure society remains moving towards equality, acceptance and dignity for all queer people".[294] In October 2019, at the Golden Heart Awards, run by God's Love We Deliver, Buttigieg was awarded the "Golden Heart Award for Outstanding Leadership and Public Service".[295] In August 2020, Equality California, an LGBT-rights organization, gave Buttigieg and his husband Chasten their Equality Trailblazer Award.[296] Attitude, an LGBTQ publication, named Buttigieg their Person of the Year in 2020, in recognition of his groundbreaking run for the presidency.[297]


  • Shortest Way Home: One Mayor's Challenge and a Model for America's Future. New York: Liveright. 2019. ISBN 9781631494376.
  • Trust: America's Best Chance. New York: Liveright. 2020. ISBN 9781631498770.

Electoral history

Indiana State Treasurer election, 2010[298]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Mourdock (incumbent) 1,053,527 62.46
Democratic Pete Buttigieg 633,243 37.54
Total votes 1,686,770
South Bend mayoral election, 2011 Democratic primary[299]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Buttigieg 7,663 54.90
Democratic Michael J. Hamann 2,798 20.05
Democratic Ryan Dvorak 2,041 14.62
Democratic Barrett Berry 1,424 10.20
Democratic Felipe N. Merino 32 0.23
Total votes 13,958
South Bend mayoral election, 2011[299]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Buttigieg 10,991 73.85
Republican Norris W. Curry Jr. 2,884 19.38
Libertarian Patrick M. Farrell 1,008 6.77
Total votes 14,883
South Bend mayoral election, 2015 Democratic primary[300][301]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Buttigieg (incumbent) 8,369 77.68
Democratic Henry L. Davis, Jr. 2,405 22.32
Total votes 10,774
South Bend mayoral election, 2015[300]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Buttigieg (incumbent) 8,515 80.41
Republican Kelly S. Jones 2,074 19.59
Total votes 10,589
Results of the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries[302]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Joe Biden 18,448,092 51.5
Democratic Bernie Sanders 9,536,123 26.6
Democratic Elizabeth Warren 2,781,720 7.8
Democratic Michael Bloomberg 2,475,323 6.9
Democratic Pete Buttigieg 913,023 2.6
Democratic Amy Klobuchar 524,559 1.5
Democratic Tulsi Gabbard 270,792 0.8
Democratic Tom Steyer 258,907 0.7
Democratic Andrew Yang 160,416 0.5
Democratic Others 458,477 1.3
Total votes 35,827,432 100.00
2021 United States Senate confirmation to be Secretary of Transportation
February 2, 2021
Party All votes
Democratic Republican Independent
Yes 48 36 2 86
No 0 13 0 13
Simple majority (51 of 99 votes) required – Nomination confirmed

See also


  1. ^ Sometimes pronounced /-ɛ/ -⁠jej or /-ʌ/ -⁠juj, but not by Buttigieg himself.
  2. ^ Richard Grenell, who is also gay, was nominated Acting Director of National Intelligence by President Donald Trump in 2020; however, Director of National Intelligence is not part of the Cabinet but rather a Cabinet-level office. For more information, see Cabinet of the United States.
  3. ^ He was endorsed in June 2019 on the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall Uprising.


  1. ^ a b c "Phi Beta Kappa elects 92 seniors to Harvard chapter". Harvard Gazette. June 10, 2004. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  2. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica (January 23, 2019). "How to pronounce Pete Buttigieg". CNN Politics. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  3. ^ Aggeler, Madeleine (March 25, 2019). "Wait, Sorry, How Do You Pronounce Buttigieg?". The Cut. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  4. ^ Josephs, Leslie (February 2, 2021). "Senate confirms Pete Buttigieg as Transportation secretary". CNBC. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  5. ^ Laris, Michael; Duncan, Ian; Kim, Seung Min. "Biden to name Pete Buttigieg as transportation secretary". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Meet Pete". Pete For America. Archived from the original on March 2, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Basu, Zachary (April 4, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg teases official 2020 campaign launch". Axios. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Segran, Elizabeth (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg debuts a radical new approach to campaign branding". Fast Company. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  9. ^ Epstein, Reid J. (December 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg: Who He Is and What He Stands For". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  10. ^ Astor, Maggie; Stevens, Matt (February 1, 2020). "How Will the Winner of the Iowa Caucuses Be Chosen? Here's What You Should Know". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Nilsen, Ella (February 11, 2020). "Bernie Sanders just won the all-important New Hampshire primary". Vox. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  12. ^ Hickey, John Haltiwanger, Walt (February 7, 2020). "Why Bernie Sanders won Iowa's popular vote, but Pete Buttigieg may win the state's Electoral College". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
  13. ^ Alex Altman (March 1, 2020). "Pete Buttigieg's History-Making Campaign Fell Short, But He Leaves the Race a Star". Time. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  14. ^ a b Epstein, Reid J. and Gabriel, Trip. Pete Buttigieg Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race, The New York Times, March 1, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  15. ^ a b Epstein, Reid J.; Gabriel, Trip (March 2, 2020). "Buttigieg and Klobuchar Endorse Biden, Aiming to Slow Sanders". The New York Times. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  16. ^ a b Merica, Dan (December 15, 2020). "Joe Biden picks Pete Buttigieg to be transportation secretary". CNN. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  17. ^ Hebb, Gina (February 2, 2021). "Pete Buttigieg makes history as 1st openly gay Cabinet member confirmed by Senate". ABC News. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  18. ^ D. Shear, Michael; Kaplan, Thomas (December 16, 2020). "Buttigieg Recalls Discrimination Against Gay People, as Biden Celebrates Cabinet's Diversity". The New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  19. ^ Verma, Pranshu (February 2, 2021). "Pete Buttigieg Is Confirmed as Biden's Transportation Secretary". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  20. ^ a b c "Mayor Pete's cousins". June 17, 2019.
  21. ^ Beaumont, Thomas (September 30, 2019). "AP Interview: The hopes and fears of Buttigieg's Mom". Associated Press. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  22. ^ "Jennifer Anne Montgomery, Pete Buttigieg's Mother: 5 Fast Facts". Heavy. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  23. ^ St. Martin, Victoria (January 28, 2019). "'It's been a good trip.' Father of Mayor Pete Buttigieg dies after illness". South Bend Tribune.
  24. ^ a b Gabriel, Trip (January 1, 2020). "He's Not 'Mayor Pete' Anymore: Buttigieg's Successor Is Sworn In". The New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  25. ^ "Pete Buttigieg: 2020 Presidential Election Candidate". NBC News. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  26. ^ Inc, Kaniewski Funeral Homes. "Obituary for Joseph A. Buttigieg | Kaniewski Funeral Homes, Inc". Obituary for Joseph A. Buttigieg | Kaniewski Funeral Homes, Inc.
  27. ^ Kandra, Deacon G. (April 3, 2019). "Beck Interviews Buttigieg About His Faith and Catholic Roots". The Deacon's Bench. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  28. ^ a b Trebay, Guy (June 18, 2018). "Pete Buttigieg might be President someday. He's already got the First Man". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 16, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  29. ^ Brown, Dennis (December 15, 2016). "Hesburgh-Yusko Scholars Program to seek new director to replace retiring Joseph Buttigieg". Notre Dame News. Archived from the original on January 1, 2020. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  30. ^ "Pete Buttigieg Just Dealt a Blow to His Father's Legacy". Retrieved April 16, 2021.
  31. ^ a b "Pete Buttigieg – Wiki-PETE-ia". Archived from the original on February 23, 2020. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  32. ^ Laviola, Erin (April 17, 2019). "Jennifer Anne Montgomery, Pete Buttigieg's Mother: 5 Fast Facts".
  33. ^ "El Paso Co. Tx. Obits from the El Paso Times, February 23-28, 2002". Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  34. ^ Mack, Justin L. "Pete Buttigieg: What you need to know about the presidential hopeful". Indianapolis Star.
  35. ^ "Indiana State Treasurer: Pete Buttigieg". South Bend Tribune. October 24, 2010. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  36. ^ McNaught, Tom (May 2, 2000). "2000 Winning Essay by Peter Buttigieg". John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  37. ^ DeCosta-Klipa, Nik (April 2, 2019). "An 18-year-old Pete Buttigieg won a JFK Library essay contest. His subject was Bernie Sanders". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  38. ^ "United States Senate Youth Program: 2000 Alumni" (PDF). United States Senate Youth Program: Alumni. William Randolph Hearst Foundation. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  39. ^ "About: Overview". United States Senate Youth Program. United States Senate Youth Program.
  40. ^ Alfaro, Mariana (January 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, mayor of South Bend, Indiana, launches 2020 presidential bid". Business Insider. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  41. ^ Harvard Institute of Politics (January 2012). "Public Service Fast Track Former IOP Student Advisory Committee member Peter Buttigieg '04 elected mayor of South Bend" (PDF). Harvard University. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 28, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  42. ^ "American Rhodes Scholars-Elect for 2005" (PDF). Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  43. ^ Buttigieg, Pete (2004). A Quiet American's Errand into the Wilderness. Harvard University Press.
  44. ^ Gewertz, Ken (December 2, 2004). "Rhodes Scholars announced six talented students are Oxford-bound". Harvard University Gazette.
  45. ^ Miller, Perry. "Errand into the Wilderness". Harvard University Press.
  46. ^ a b Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (February 9, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg's quiet rebellion". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  47. ^ "Mayor Pete Buttigieg: 7 things you need to know". Washington Week. April 15, 2019. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  48. ^ "The former Oxford resident who wants to be the first gay President". Oxford Mail. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  49. ^ "Mayor Pete Buttigieg '05 – From South Bend to Oxford ... and Back". Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  50. ^ a b "Buttigieg Plans State Treasurer Run". Times-Union. March 2, 2010. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  51. ^ Asma Khalid (December 3, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg Spent His Younger Days Pushing Democrats Off Middle Ground". NPR.
  52. ^ Asma Khalid (December 2, 2019). "A Look Back At The Beginnings Of Pete Buttigieg's Political Ambitions". All Things Considered. NPR.
  53. ^ Feder, Robert (April 15, 2019). "NBC 5 mentor Renee Ferguson boosts Pete Buttigieg campaign". Robert Feder. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  54. ^ Milligan, Susan; Camera, Lauren (October 11, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg: Where He Stands". US News & World Report. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  55. ^ a b Colwell, Jack (May 16, 2010). "If only he isn't too smart for the job". South Bend Tribune.
  56. ^ Foulkes, Arthur (April 8, 2010). "Candidate for state office brings campaign to city". Terre Haute Tribune-Star.
  57. ^ Groppe, Maureen (February 19, 2017). "Indiana Democrat getting buzz in DNC race". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  58. ^ Foulkes, Arthur (April 9, 2010). "Candidate for state office brings campaign to city". Terre Haute Tribune-Star. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  59. ^ a b Wang, Amy B.; Itkowitz, Colby (April 30, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg releases 10 years of tax returns, jabs Trump for not doing the same". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2019.
  60. ^ "Interview: Peter Buttigieg". Princeton University, Innovations for Successful Societies. July 16, 2018.
  61. ^ a b "Pete Buttigieg". Truman National Security Project. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  62. ^ Ashley Balcerzak (January 23, 2019). "9 things to know about Pete Buttigieg". Center for Public Integrity.
  63. ^ Reid J. Epstein & Stephanie Saul (December 10, 2019). "How Pete Buttigieg Spent His McKinsey Days: Blue Cross, Best Buy, U.S. Agencies". The New York Times.
  64. ^ Chelsea Janes; Amy B Wang (December 10, 2019). "Under pressure, Buttigieg releases names of former McKinsey clients". The Washington Post.
  65. ^ Daniel Strauss (December 6, 2019). "Buttigieg releases timeline of McKinsey work". Politico.
  66. ^ Ross, Doug (February 9, 2016). "Jill Long Thompson". The Times of Northwest Indiana.
  67. ^ "Pete Buttigieg's Biography". Project Vote Smart. January 13, 2014.
  68. ^ "Mayor Buttigieg named to national security organization's board". WNDU-TV. May 19, 2014. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  69. ^ "How Pete Buttigieg went from being a war protester to serving in the Navy". Stars and Stripes. July 29, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
  70. ^ "Buttigieg's Military Records (6.4K views)". Scribd. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  71. ^ Blasko, Erin (September 13, 2013). "Navy Reserve to deploy Buttigieg to Afghanistan". South Bend Tribune.
  72. ^ "South Bend mayor back from Afghanistan deployment". Navy Times. September 26, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  73. ^ Zeleny, Jeff (May 17, 2019). "Buttigieg wields his military credentials: 'It's not like I killed Bin Laden,' but it was dangerous". CNN.
  74. ^ Pak, Nataly (January 31, 2019). "Who is Pete Buttigieg?". ABC News. Retrieved March 29, 2019.
  75. ^ Jamerson, Joshua; Kesling, Ben (May 20, 2019). "Buttigieg Leans In on His Military Service". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  76. ^ 2010 Indiana Election Report (PDF) (Report). Indiana Election Division, Indiana state government. 2010. p. 66.
  77. ^ Groppe, Maureen (April 14, 2019). "Rising star? 7 hurdles facing Democrat Pete Buttigieg's 2020 presidential campaign". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2019.
  78. ^ Webb, Jon (April 3, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg lost his first race to a former Vanderburgh County commissioner". Courrier Press. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  79. ^ "Treasurer candidates spar on Chrysler suit". South Bend Tribune. September 10, 2010.
  80. ^ Howey, Brian (July 3, 2010). "HOWEY: A fascinating race for state treasurer". News and Tribune. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  81. ^ a b c Fuller, Jaime (March 10, 2014). "The most interesting mayor you've never heard of". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  82. ^ Sloma, Tricia (November 9, 2011). "Pete Buttigieg becomes second youngest mayor in South Bend". WNDU-TV. South Bend, Indiana. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  83. ^ a b c d e f g Harrell, Jeff (May 23, 2019). "Mother of Black Teen Who Was Hanged Says Buttigieg Wouldn't Help". The Young Turks. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  84. ^ "Community activists demand outside review of local death investigations". ABC57. August 28, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  85. ^ a b Larsen, Jonathan (June 10, 2019). "Mother of Hanged South Bend Teen Wants Case Reopened". The Young Turks. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  86. ^ a b c d e f g h "From youngest mayor to Smart Streets: A timeline of Pete Buttigieg's political career". South Bend Tribune. December 17, 2018. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  87. ^ "Former Police Chief Darryl Boykins has noteworthy career before resignation". ABC57.
  88. ^ a b c Buckley, Madeline; Wright, Lincoln. "Judge's ruling on police wiretap tapes leaves questions unanswered". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  89. ^ "Buttigieg Tries Again To Woo Black Voters Amid Race Controversy In His Hometown". NPR. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  90. ^ "Years-old controversy surrounding secret police tapes is newly relevant amid Pete Buttigieg's rise". CNN. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  91. ^ a b Easley, Jonathan (April 15, 2019). "Secret tapes linger over Buttigieg's meteoric rise". The Hill. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  92. ^ Peterson, Mark. "Largest settlement yet on SB police tapes case". WNDU-TV. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  93. ^ "A Company Town Reinvents Itself In South Bend, Ind". NPR. June 28, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  94. ^ a b c Sikich, Chris (March 21, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg says he's mayor of a turnaround city. Here's how that claim stands up". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  95. ^ Bell, Kyle W. (November 18, 2014). "Mayor Buttigieg Announces Re-Election Bid". South Bend Voice. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  96. ^ Blasko, Erin (August 15, 2013). "Mayor's budget calls for 'smart streets'". South Bend Tribune.
  97. ^ "Final purchase agreement approved in sale of SB Blackthorn Golf Course". WNDU-TV. January 15, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  98. ^ Peterson, Mark (September 10, 2014). "South Bend considers selling Blackthorn, Elbel golf courses". WNDU-TV. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  99. ^ Allen, Kevin (January 10, 2016). "Mothballed no more: South Bend selling city-owned land for new projects". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  100. ^ Allen, Kevin (April 25, 2015). "Officials celebrate LaSalle Hotel revamp". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  101. ^ "Vacant & Abandoned Properties Initiative". City of South Bend. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  102. ^ Blasko, Erin (February 28, 2013). "1,000 properties in 1,000 days". South Bend Tribune. Archived from the original on September 27, 2014. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  103. ^ "Progress Update". City of South Bend. July 10, 2017. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  104. ^ "Vacant and Abandoned Properties, 1,000 Houses in 1,000 Days: Community Update" (PDF). City of South Bend. December 7, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  105. ^ "Pete Buttigieg and the controversy around racial tensions in South Bend, explained". Vox. June 27, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  106. ^ a b Bell, Kyle. "Mayor Buttigieg Reports Being Back on US Soil". South Bend Voice. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  107. ^ Buttigieg, Pete (October 5, 2014). "Buttigieg reflects on Afghanistan and return to South Bend". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  108. ^ Blasko, Erin (June 22, 2014). "From South Bend to Afghanistan: Buttigieg opens up about military mission". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  109. ^ "Former South Bend deputy mayor appointed to IEDC board". South Bend Tribune. December 14, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  110. ^ a b Buttigieg, Pete (June 16, 2015). "South Bend mayor: Why coming out matters". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  111. ^ Catanzarite, Maria (March 27, 2015). "SB mayor, business owners speak out against religious freedom act". WNDU-TV. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  112. ^ Bell, Kyle (November 18, 2014). "Mayor Buttigieg Announces Re-Election Bid". South Bend Voice. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  113. ^ Daniels, Diane; Chang, Annie (May 20, 2015). "Pete Buttigieg winner of Democratic primary for South Bend mayor race". WSBT-TV. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  114. ^ Peterson, Mark (November 3, 2015). "South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg wins re-election". WNDU-TV. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  115. ^ Blasko, Erin (January 30, 2015). "Smart Streets bond clears key hurdle". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  116. ^ a b Parrott, Jeff (March 17, 2018). "How much has Smart Streets driven downtown South Bend's turnaround?". South Bend Tribune.
  117. ^ Alan, David Peter (January 8, 2021). "First in a Series: Does DOT's New Face Signal New Policies?". Railway Age. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  118. ^ a b Buttigieg, Pete (June 16, 2017). "Mayor: Smart Streets will mean a more vibrant downtown South Bend". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  119. ^ "City of South Bend, Indiana EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 02-2016" (PDF). City of South Bend, Indiana. December 16, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  120. ^ Lucas, Fred (December 23, 2020). "Biden's pick Buttigieg agrees to look for emails related to ID card program for illegal immigrants". Fox News. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  121. ^ "Vacant & Abandoned Properties". Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  122. ^ "Homes". South Bend Heritage Foundation. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  123. ^ a b Colombo, Hayleigh (October 12, 2017). "Some national Democrats swoon over South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg". Indiana Business Journal. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  124. ^ a b c d Gardner, Drew (April 14, 2019). "How has South Bend changed under Mayor Buttigieg's leadership?". WBND-LD. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  125. ^ Marquee Project | Section 6. (Report).
  126. ^ Blasko, Erin (July 3, 2017). "South Bend Studebaker plant ready for massive facelift". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  127. ^ "Mayor Pete Buttigieg's South Bend Sewer Fixes Made Cheaper by IOT". Our Daily Planet. May 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  128. ^ Parrott, Jeff Parrott (September 3, 2019). "South Bend hopes to spend hundreds of millions less to reduce river pollution". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  129. ^ Parrott, Jeff (November 4, 2019). "Buttigieg administration tackling global climate change locally". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  130. ^ Parrott, Jeff (November 26, 2019). "South Bend council approves Pete Buttigieg climate plan, while activists urge going further". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  131. ^ Parrott, Jeff (December 13, 2016). "South Bend council rejects 12-story high-rise apartment building". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  132. ^ Parrott, Jeff (December 14, 2016). "Why did South Bend's East Bank high-rise fail?". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  133. ^ Klee, Ricky (July 22, 2017). "Viewpoint: Diversity has fallen in Mayor Pete Buttigieg's administration". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  134. ^ Kennedy, Danielle (February 27, 2017). "Building height limit raised to make way for high-rise apartments in South Bend". WSBT-TV. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  135. ^ Blake, Bob (January 4, 2017). "South Bend, developer reach compromise on high-rise project". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  136. ^ Guarino, Mark (April 19, 2019). "Can Pete Buttigieg replicate his success in South Bend nationally?". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  137. ^ Phillip, Abby (December 31, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg leaves behind economic progress and racial tensions in South Bend". CNN. Retrieved January 5, 2020.
  138. ^ Parrott, Jeff (August 18, 2018). "South Bend mayor's push for downtown South Shore station raises new questions". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  139. ^ "Engineering study approved for proposed South Shore Line station in downtown South Bend". South Bend Tribune. December 17, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  140. ^ "CITY LAUNCHES COMMUTER BENEFIT PROGRAM IN PARTNERSHIP WITH LOCAL EMPLOYERS". South Bend, Indiana. October 21, 2019. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  141. ^ Semmler, Ed (October 22, 2019). "IN: South Bend ride-sharing program solves transportation problems for workers". Mass Transit Magazine. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  142. ^ Gabriel, Trip; Oppel, Richard A., Jr. (August 30, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg Was Rising. Then Came South Bend's Policing Crisis". The New York Times.
  143. ^ Gabriel, Trip; Epstein, Reid J. (June 24, 2019). "A New Test for Pete Buttigieg: Does He Feel Their Pain?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  144. ^ Steinhauser, Paul; del Aguila, Andres (June 25, 2019). "South Bend police union slams Buttigieg over response to police shooting of black man". Fox News. Retrieved June 25, 2019.
  145. ^ Mazurek, Marek (November 9, 2019). "Reactions varied at latest community meeting about South Bend Police". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  146. ^ "Americas Best Small Cities". Best Cities. 2020. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  147. ^ "ICYMI: 'Evan Bayh Made Indiana Great Again'". Indiana Democratic Party. October 4, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  148. ^ Allen, Kevin (September 21, 2016). "Buttigieg gets involved in Senate race, draws attention to 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  149. ^ Strauss, Daniel (May 2, 2016). "Sanders seeks to end his free fall". Politico. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  150. ^ "DCCC Chair Luján Names Lynn Coleman to Emerging Races". Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee. September 23, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  151. ^ a b Bruni, Frank (June 11, 2016). "The First Gay President?". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  152. ^ Remnick, David (November 18, 2016). "Obama Reckons with a Trump Presidency". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  153. ^ Parrott, Jeff (November 19, 2017). "Mayor's Travels Take A Jump". The South Bend Tribune. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  154. ^ a b Howey, Brian (April 19, 2018). "South Bend's 'Mayor Pete' channels JFK's summons". Seymour, Indiana: The Tribune. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  155. ^ Adams, Dwight (April 1, 2018). "South Bend mayor garnering national buzz for president". Journal and Courier. Retrieved January 18, 2021.
  156. ^ Buttigieg, Pete (June 22, 2017). "Hitting Home: a new politics of the everyday". Medium. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  157. ^ a b Wren, Adam (December 16, 2018). "Pete Buttigieg Has His Eye On The Prize". Indianapolis Monthly. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  158. ^ Ortega, Veronica (November 1, 2018). "South Bend's mayor is throwing his support behind Democrat Mel Hall". WSBT-TV. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  159. ^ "Mayor Pete Buttigieg, other Hoosier veterans launch South Bend 'Veterans for Joe' with press conference". Donnelly for Indiana. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  160. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (January 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg Thinks All the 2020 Democrats Are Too Old". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  161. ^ Parrott, Jeff (December 18, 2018). "Pete Buttigieg will not seek a third term as South Bend mayor". South Bend Tribune.
  162. ^ a b c Parrott, Jeff (May 8, 2019). "James Mueller rolls to victory in South Bend mayoral primary". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  163. ^ "South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg endorses James Mueller as his pick to replace him". WSBT-TV. February 11, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  164. ^ Hudson, Melissa (May 7, 2019). "Primary election: James Mueller wins Democratic nomination for South Bend mayor". ABC 57. WBND-LD. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  165. ^ Becker, Lauren (May 2, 2019). "Slew of Democrats hoping to replace Buttigieg busy fundraising, mobilizing voters". WSBT. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
  166. ^ "2019 Primary Election: Official Results". St. Joseph County, Indiana.
  167. ^ "Top Buttigieg Aide Wins South Bend Mayoral Primary". Bloomberg News. Associated Press. May 8, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  168. ^ "Election Summary Report: General Election, Tuesday, November 5, 2019". St. Joseph County, Indiana.
  169. ^ "Democrat James Mueller voted as South Bend's next mayor". WSBT-TV. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  170. ^ Martin, Jonathan (January 5, 2017). "Indiana Mayor Running for D.N.C. Chairman". The New York Times. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  171. ^ a b c Seitz-Wald, Alex (February 25, 2017). "DNC Race: Democrats Elect New Leader Saturday". NBC News. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  172. ^ Fritze, John. "Martin O'Malley backs Pete Buttigieg (over Tom Perez) for DNC". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  173. ^ a b Merica, Dan (January 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, mayor of South Bend, Indiana, jumps into 2020 race". CNN. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  174. ^ Burnett, Sara (January 23, 2019). "Breaking: South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg joins 2020 presidential race". South Bend Tribune.
  175. ^ Burns, Alexander (January 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, Mayor of South Bend, Ind., Joins Democratic 2020 Race". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  176. ^ Merica, Dan (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg officially announces presidential campaign". CNN. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  177. ^ a b Beauchamp, Zack (March 28, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg makes the case for "democratic capitalism"". Vox. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  178. ^ David Mislin, Pete Buttigieg reviving pragmatic, progressive ideals of Social Gospel, UPI (November 7, 2019), republished at The National Interest (November 11, 2019).
  179. ^ "Pete Buttigieg ends 2020 White House bid". ABC News. March 1, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  180. ^ Parrott, Jeff (November 3, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg still the 'longest of long shots'? Maybe not anymore". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  181. ^ Gambino, Lauren (March 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg for president? Long-shot stands out in crowded field". The Guardian. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  182. ^ Scott, Eugene (December 18, 2019). "Analysis | Pete Buttigieg's struggles and stumbles with black voters, explained". Washington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
  183. ^ Dan Merica; Jeff Zeleny; Adam Levy. "Pete Buttigieg keeps narrow lead in Iowa caucuses with 100% of precincts reporting". CNN. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  184. ^ Maas, Harold (February 10, 2020). "10 things you need to know today: February 10, 2020". The Week. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  185. ^ Keith, Jarod. "Pete Buttigieg's Iowa Victory A Milestone in U.S. History; America On-Track to Elect Its First Gay President". LGBTQ Victory Fund. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  186. ^ Merica, Dan. "Pete Buttigieg launches a new PAC aimed at helping down-ballot Democrats". CNN. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
  187. ^ Moreno, J. Edward. "Buttigieg PAC rolls out slate of endorsements". The Hill. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  188. ^ "Former presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg to teach, do research at Notre Dame". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. June 28, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  189. ^ "WATCH: One-on-one with Biden campaign surrogate Pete Buttigieg". October 16, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  190. ^ Verhovek, John; Nagle, Molly (October 21, 2020). "Joe Biden campaign deploys top surrogates while candidate preps for final debate". ABC News. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  191. ^ Glauber, Bill (July 29, 2020). "2020 DNC will meet for just two hours nightly during Milwaukee convention". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  192. ^ Stevens, Matt; Paz, Isabella Grullón (August 19, 2020). "Democratic National Convention's Roll Call Showcases Voices from Across America". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  193. ^ "Cindy McCain Joins Biden-Harris Transition Team's Advisory Board". President-Elect Joe Biden. September 28, 2020. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  194. ^ "Biden Transition Organization – Staff, Advisors". November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  195. ^ Cole, Brendan (October 10, 2020). "Buttigieg says embodying Mike Pence to help prepare Harris for debate was "strange"". Newsweek. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  196. ^ "Mayor Pete Buttigieg has a new book set for fall, 'Trust'". The Associated Press. July 8, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  197. ^ Siders, David (August 21, 2020). "Biden is already forming a government. Here's what his Cabinet could look like". Politico. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  198. ^ Parrott, Jeff (August 21, 2020). "Pete Buttigieg in DNC speech: My marriage shows how the country can change". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  199. ^
  200. ^ Quintanilla, Carl [@carlquintanilla] (January 27, 2021). "* U.S. SENATE COMMERCE COMMITTEE ADVANCES NOMINATION OF BUTTIGIEG TO BE TRANSPORTATION SECRETARY ON 21-3 VOTE – STATEMENT @Reuters" (Tweet). Retrieved February 2, 2021 – via Twitter.
  201. ^ O'Connell, Oliver (February 2, 2021). "Pete Buttigieg becomes first openly gay cabinet member after historic Senate vote". The Independent. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  202. ^ DeRose, Adam (February 3, 2020). "Watch live: Biden swears in Buttigieg as Transportation secretary". The Hill. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  203. ^ "USDOT Begins Undoing Trump-Era Restrictions on Rulemaking". Transport Topics. March 24, 2021. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  204. ^ Laris, Michael (March 24, 2021). "Rolling back a rollback: Buttigieg deletes some Trump-era limits on regulation". Washington Post. Retrieved March 31, 2021.
  205. ^ Wehrman, Jessica (February 23, 2021). "Buttigieg makes equity a top priority for DOT". Roll Call. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  206. ^ Mintz, Sam (March 8, 2021). "How Biden is betting on Buttigieg to drive a new era of racial equity". POLITICO. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  207. ^ Spencer, Ben (March 26, 2021). "Buttigieg: US falls short on pedestrian safety". ITS International. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  208. ^ Deleno, Joe (March 9, 2021). "Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg Shares Thoughts On Bridge And I-80 Tolls In Exclusive One-On-One". Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  209. ^ "Pete Buttigieg vehicle miles tax: how would it work?". March 28, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  210. ^ Kelly, Caroline (March 29, 2021). "Buttigieg says no gas or mileage tax in Biden's infrastructure plan". CNN. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  211. ^ "NYC-NJ tunnel plan has 'sense of urgency,' Buttigieg says". Crain's New York Business. Bloomberg. March 26, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  212. ^ Liang, Keith (March 25, 2021). "NYC-N.J. Tunnel Plan Has 'Sense of Urgency,' Buttigieg Says". Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  213. ^ "Biden Administration Prioritizing Gateway Tunnel Project". CBS New York. WLNY. March 26, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  214. ^ "Secretary Buttigieg Promotes Transformative Infrastructure Plan". Transport Topics. March 25, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  215. ^ Yen, Hope; Khalil, Ashraf (May 19, 2021). "Reversing Trump, Buttigieg reinstates local hiring program". AP NEWS. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  216. ^ "Presidential Candidate Buttigieg Promises to Pass Infrastructure Legislation if Elected". For Construction Pros. January 13, 2020.
  217. ^ Gibson, London. "What you need to know about the environmental impacts of Buttigieg's new $1 trillion infrastructure plan". The Indianapolis Star.
  218. ^ "Campaign Infrastructure fact sheet" (PDF).
  219. ^ Relman, Eliza. "Pete Buttigieg is running for President in 2020. Here's everything we know about the candidate and how he stacks up against the competition". Business Insider. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  220. ^ Alter, Charlotte (April 14, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg enters presidential race with a message of generational change". Time. New York City. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  221. ^ "Pete Buttigieg's political stances". iSideWith. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  222. ^ "Pete Buttigieg makes pitch to LGBT voters in bid to become first out gay president". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. February 5, 2019. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  223. ^ a b c Wren, Adam (December 16, 2018). "Pete Buttigieg has his eye on the prize". Indianapolis Monthly. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  224. ^ "Buttigieg: We need generational change in politics". Morning Joe. MSNBC. March 20, 2019. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  225. ^ Kristian, Bonnie (April 19, 2019). "Mandatory national service is a terrible idea". The Week. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  226. ^ a b Burnett, Sara (July 2, 2019). "2020 hopeful Buttigieg pitches plan to fight systemic racism". Associated Press. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  227. ^ "Buttigieg Proposes Broad Plan To Counter Racial Inequality".
  228. ^ Steinhauser, Paul (April 4, 2019). "Buttigieg calls for scrapping death penalty, supporting slavery reparations". Fox News. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  229. ^ Martin, Naomi; Pindell, James; Datar, Saurabh; Uraizee, Irfan; Garvin, Patrick (February 26, 2019). "Marijuana is no longer a fringe issue for 2020 presidential candidates". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  230. ^ a b Higgins, Tucker (April 4, 2019). "Democratic hopeful Pete Buttigieg addresses 'all lives matter' controversy, says he no longer uses the phrase". CNBC. Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  231. ^ Brooke Singman (October 26, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg calls for elimination of incarceration for drug possession offenses". Fox News.
  232. ^ "Buttigieg unveils plan to improve mental health care and fight addiction". CBS News. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  233. ^ a b "Healing and Belonging in America". Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  234. ^ a b Deconstructed (March 21, 2019). "Deconstructed Podcast: Mayor Pete Buttigieg on Trump, Islamophobia, and His Presidential Bid". The Intercept. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  235. ^ Greenwood, Max (April 22, 2019). "Buttigieg on whether felons should be able to vote from prison: 'I don't think so'". TheHill. Archived from the original on April 23, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  236. ^ Turner, Ashley (March 20, 2019). "2020 Democratic candidate Pete Buttigieg says this is 'the biggest problem with capitalism right now'". CNBC. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  237. ^ "Pete Buttigieg Says 'No' When Asked If He Thinks Getting Money Out Of Politics Includes Ending Closed-Door Fundraisers With Billionaires". Newsweek. December 9, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  238. ^ Janes, Chelsea; Scherer, Michael (March 16, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg, the young and openly gay Midwest mayor, finds a voice in crowded Democratic presidential field". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  239. ^ "Buttigieg backs Green New Deal resolution". CNN. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019 – via MSN.
  240. ^ "Democratic Presidential Debate". NBC News. June 27, 2019. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  241. ^ "Mayor Pete to President Pete? It's crazy, but he thinks his ideas aren't". Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  242. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Pete Buttigieg: 'Capitalism has let a lot of people down'". CNN. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  243. ^ a b Lizza, Ryan (March 2, 2019). "The Esquire Interview: Mayor Peter Buttigieg". Esquire. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  244. ^ "Pete Buttigieg calls for deficit reduction, swiping at Bernie Sanders". NBC News. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  245. ^ "A New Rising Tide". Pete For America. Archived from the original on September 5, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  246. ^ a b "Keeping the Promise for America's Children". Archived from the original on February 9, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  247. ^ "Pete Buttigieg's education plan highlights broad agreement among Democrats on K-12 policy – though differences on charters remain". December 7, 2019. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  248. ^ "Pete Buttigieg's College Affordability Plan: The Goldilocks Solution". Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  249. ^ Whistle, Wesley. "Mayor Pete's Middle Of The Road Plan For Higher Education". Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  250. ^ Berman, Elizabeth (April 5, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg argues against free college. This is why progressives can't agree about subsidizing tuition". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  251. ^ "Defense budget levels: Where the candidates stand". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  252. ^ "Candidates On The Issues". Politico. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  253. ^ "What does Pete Buttigieg believe? Where the candidate stands on 7 issues". PBS NewsHour. February 15, 2019. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  254. ^ Ward, Alex (April 3, 2019). "Democrats are increasingly critical of Israel. Not Pete Buttigieg". Vox. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  255. ^ a b c Omri Nahmias, Pete Buttigieg: U.S. support for Israel is not support for annexation, Jerusalem Post (October 29, 2019).
  256. ^ Jackson Richmand, Record at a glance: Mayor Pete Buttigieg supports two-state solution, blames Hamas for lack of peace, Jewish News Syndicate (April 15, 2019).
  257. ^ "Democratic presidential candidate pans PM's 'harmful' comments on settlements". Times of Israel. April 7, 2019. Archived from the original on April 9, 2019. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  258. ^ "Opinion | Tourists in Somaliland". July 31, 2008 – via
  259. ^ "The Democratic candidates on foreign policy". Foreign Policy.
  260. ^ "Where 2020 Democrats stand on foreign policy". The Washington Post. November 21, 2019.
  261. ^ "China Bashes NYT's Xinjiang Story as Warren, Buttigieg Criticize". Bloomberg. November 18, 2019.
  262. ^ "Mayor Pete Decries Trump's Decision to Withdraw Troops from Northern Syria". Mother Jones. October 13, 2019.
  263. ^ Daniel Strauss, Buttigieg backed 'Medicare for All' in 2018 tweet, Politico (October 16, 2019).
  264. ^ Abby Goodnough, 'Public Option' Draws Voters Unsure About 'Medicare for All', The New York Times (November 24, 2019).
  265. ^ 'Just The Right Policy': Pete Buttigieg On His 'Medicare For All Who Want It' Plan, NPR, Morning Edition (November 8, 2019).
  266. ^ a b Transcript: Night 2 of the first Democratic debate (June 28, 2019).
  267. ^ a b "Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg Launches 2020 Exploratory Committee". C-SPAN. January 23, 2019. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019.
  268. ^ Kevin Uhrmacher, Kevin Schaul, Paulina Firozi and Jeff Stein, Where 2020 Democrats stand on Health Care, The Washington Post (last updated December 11, 2019).
  269. ^ Ehley, Brianna. "How Pete Buttigieg would tackle the mental health and addiction crisis". Politico. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  270. ^ Buttigieg, Pete (March 21, 2017). "Why These Trump Voters Are Sticking Up For An Undocumented Neighbor". HuffPost. Archived from the original on March 17, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  271. ^ CBS News (January 31, 2019). Mayor Pete Buttigieg on the experience he'd bring to the 2020 presidential campaign. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019 – via YouTube.
  272. ^ Gambino, Lauren (March 23, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg for president? Long-shot stands out in crowded field". The Guardian. Retrieved March 30, 2019. Like many of his rivals, he offers a stark contrast to the President in style and substance. Buttigieg is the son of a Maltese immigrant; a U.S. Navy veteran who took leave from his civic day job to serve in Afghanistan; a Harvard-educated Rhodes scholar; a devout Christian and a polyglot and bibliophile who learned Norwegian to read books by an author in Norway whose work had not yet been translated to English.
  273. ^ a b c d Beck, Father Edward (April 2, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg on faith, his marriage, and Mike Pence". CNN. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  274. ^ a b Bailey, Sarah (March 29, 2019). "Evangelicals helped get Trump into the White House. Pete Buttigieg believes the religious left will get him out". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  275. ^
  276. ^ Seiger, Theresa (April 18, 2019). "Who is Pete Buttigieg? Democratic mayor joins 2020 presidential race". Dayton Daily News. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  277. ^ Harrell, Jeff (November 12, 2011). "Election victors chill with guitars: Too many well-wishers force Buttigieg to miss his performance". South Bend Tribune. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  278. ^ Hughes, Andrew S. (February 18, 2013). "Mayor, IUSB singers earn their ovations". South Bend Tribune. Archived from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  279. ^ Franklin, Robert (December 23, 2013). "South Bend Symphony Orchestra concert features Mayor Pete Buttigieg at the Morris Performing Arts Center". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  280. ^ "Buttigieg establishes City Diversity and Inclusion Initiative". (Press release). The City of South Bend, Indiana. Archived from the original on January 30, 2018.
  281. ^ Howey, Brian A. (June 18, 2015). "Buttigieg crosses threshold" (PDF). Howey Politics Indiana. 20 (38). Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  282. ^ Blasko, Erin (June 17, 2015). "Pete Buttigieg's announcement creates a buzz". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  283. ^ a b Blasko, Erin (June 17, 2015). "South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Announces He's Gay". Governing. Tribune News Service. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  284. ^ Howey, Brian A.; Butler, Matthew (June 25, 2015). "Gov. Pence prepares to pick a fight" (PDF). Howey Politics Indiana. 20 (39). Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  285. ^ Brooks, Ryan (April 2, 2019). "Pete Buttigieg is not the first openly gay, major party presidential candidate. This guy was". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  286. ^ "Faculty and Staff". Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  287. ^ "South Bend mayor says he, his boyfriend are getting married". The Vincennes Sun-Commercial. December 30, 2017. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  288. ^ "South Bend Mayor Pete Buttigieg announces engagement". WNDU-TV. December 28, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  289. ^ Shown, Mary (June 17, 2018). "Mayor Pete Buttigieg marries partner Chasten Glezman in downtown South Bend". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  290. ^ Zimney, Jon (September 28, 2020). "South Bend Mayor James Mueller got married this weekend". 95.3 MNC. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  291. ^ Mack, Justin (April 9, 2019). "Chasten Buttigieg: What we know about Mayor Pete's husband". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  292. ^ "Pete Buttigieg Fears Democracy is Crumbling. Here's Why – YouTube". Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  293. ^ "Pete Buttigieg 2015 | JFK Library". John F. Kenney Presidential Library. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  294. ^ "Queerty Pride50 2019 Honorees". Queerty. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  295. ^ "Golden Heart Awards 2019". God's Love We Deliver. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  296. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (August 12, 2020). "Golden State Equality Awards To Honor Pete & Chasten Buttigieg And Netflix Docu 'Disclosure'; Nancy Pelosi To Pay Tribute To John Lewis". Deadline. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  297. ^ "The gay man who ran for the world's most powerful office". December 30, 2020. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  298. ^ "2010 Indiana Election Results" (PDF). Voter Portal. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  299. ^ a b "Historical Election Results". Voter Portal. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  300. ^ a b "Historical Election Results". Voter Portal. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  301. ^ Bell, Kyle W. (May 7, 2015). "What Does Electoral Victory Look Like? Visualizing Buttigieg's Win". South Bend Voice. Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  302. ^ "Democratic Convention 2020". The Green Papers. September 11, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  303. ^ "Roll Call Vote 117th Congress, 1st Session: On the Nomination (Confirmation: Peter Paul Montgomery Buttigieg, of Indiana, to be Secretary of Transportation )". Vote number 11. Washington, D.C.: Secretary of the Senate. February 2, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.

External links


Article Pete Buttigieg in English Wikipedia took following places in local popularity ranking:

Presented content of the Wikipedia article was extracted in 2021-06-13 based on