Neeraj Chopra

Neeraj Chopra
Neeraj Chopra Of India(Javelin) (cropped).jpg
Chopra in 2017
Personal information
Full nameNeeraj Chopra
NationalityIndian
Born (1997-12-24) 24 December 1997 (age 23)
Panipat, Haryana, India
EducationDAV College, Chandigarh
Height1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)[1]
Military career
Allegiance India
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service2016–present
RankSubedar - Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Subedar
Service numberJC-471869A[2]
Unit4 Rajputana Rifles[3]
AwardsVishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Vishisht Seva Medal
Sport
CountryIndia
SportTrack and field
Rank2[4]
Event(s)Javelin throw
Coached byUwe Hohn (2018-2019)
Achievements and titles
Highest world ranking2 (Achieved on 11 August 2021)[4]
Personal best(s)NR 88.07 m (2021)[5]
Updated on 12 August 2021.

Neeraj Chopra VSM (born 24 December 1997) is an Indian track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw. As of August 2021, he is ranked as world No. 2 by the World Athletics organisation. A Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) in the Indian Army, Chopra is the first track and field athlete to win a gold medal for India at the Olympics.[6] He is also the first track and field athlete from India to win at the IAAF World U20 Championships, where in 2016 he achieved a world under-20 record throw of 86.48 m, becoming the first Indian athlete to set a world record.

Chopra participated in the 2018 Commonwealth Games and the 2018 Asian Games, serving as the flag-bearer in the latter and winning gold medals in both. In his debut at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, Chopra won the gold medal on 7 August 2021 with a throw of 87.58 m in his second attempt. As of 2021, he is one of only two Indians to have won an individual Olympic gold medal (the other being Abhinav Bindra), as well as the youngest-ever Indian gold medalist in an individual event and the only one to have won gold in his Olympic debut.[7]

Early life and education

Chopra was born to Satish Kumar and Saroj Devi on 24 December 1997,[8] in Khandra village, Panipat district, Haryana. He has two sisters and his family is largely involved in agriculture.[9] He graduated from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Chandigarh,[10] and as of 2021 is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts from Lovely Professional University in Jalandhar, Punjab.[11]

Athletic career

Early training

After local children teased him about his childhood obesity, Chopra's father enrolled him in a gymnasium at Madlauda; he was later enrolled in a gym in Panipat. While playing at Shivaji stadium in Panipat, he saw some javelin throwers and began participating himself.[12]

Chopra visited the nearby Panipat Sports Authority of India (SAI) centre, where javelin thrower Jaiveer Choudhary recognised his early talent in the winter of 2010.[13] Observing Chopra's ability to achieve a 40-metre throw without training and impressed by his drive, Choudhary became his first coach.[14] Chopra learned the basics of the sport from Choudhary and a few more experienced athletes who had trained under a javelin coach in Jalandhar.[15] He soon won his first medal, a bronze in the district championships, and then persuaded his family to allow him to live in Panipat while developing his abilities.[15]

Chopra receiving the Arjuna Award from Ram Nath Kovind, President of India, on 25 September 2018.[16]

After training under Choudhary for a year, the 13-year-old Chopra was admitted to the Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex in Panchkula. The sports complex was then one of only two facilities in the state of Haryana with a synthetic runway. There, he trained under coach Naseem Ahmad, a running coach who made him train in long-distance running along with the javelin throw. As Panchkula lacked a specialized javelin coach, he and fellow javelin thrower Parminder Singh downloaded videos of the Czech champion Jan Zelezny and attempted to copy his style.[15] While initially at Tau Devi, Chopra typically achieved throws of around 55 metres, but soon increased his range, and in the National Junior Athletics Championships in Lucknow on 27 October 2012, won gold with a new national record throw of 68.40 metres.[17][18]

International beginnings

In 2013, Chopra entered his first international competition, the World Youth Championships in Ukraine.[15] He won his first international medal in 2014, a silver at the Youth Olympics Qualification in Bangkok.[19] He achieved his first throw of over 70 metres at the 2014 senior nationals.[citation needed]

In 2015, Chopra broke the previous world record in the junior category, throwing 81.04 metres in the 2015 All India Inter-University Athletics meet; this was his first throw of over 80 metres.[18]

Chopra finished fifth at the 2015 National Games in Kerala,[20] and received a callback for the national-level training camp as a result,[14] leaving Panchkula in 2016 to train at Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports, Patiala.[15][21] According to Chopra, his inclusion in the national camp marked a turning point in his career, as he received better facilities, a better quality diet and an improved standard of training from that available at Panchkula. According to him, training with national level javelin throwers improved his morale.[20] Chopra was also assigned his first dedicated javelin coach, 2010 Commonwealth Games bronze medallist Kashinath Naik, but found Naik's training regimen too difficult and resumed training on his own after a month and a half.[15]

2016 Junior World Champion and Army induction

At the 2016 South Asian Games, Chopra achieved a new personal best during the athletics finals in Guwahati on 9 February, winning gold with a throw of 82.23 meters, though falling short of the 83-meter Olympic qualifying mark. He also began training under Australian coach Gary Calvert that month.[15] Chopra won a gold medal in the 2016 IAAF World U20 Championships in Bydgoszcz, Poland and set a world junior record of 86.48 m, becoming the first Indian athlete to achieve a world record, at the same time setting a new national record.[22] Although his U20 record surpassed that of defending Olympic champion Keshorn Walcott, Chopra failed to qualify for the 2016 Summer Olympics as the cut-off date had been 11 July, the week before the U20 championships. His preparations for Rio had also been hampered by a back injury sustained in April 2016 during the Federation Cup in New Delhi, which had noticeably affected his performance in competition.[22]

Impressed with Chopra's performance at the South Asian Games and his future potential, the Indian Army offered him a direct appointment as a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) in the Rajputana Rifles with the rank of Naib Subedar, a rank typically not immediately granted to athletes, who are usually recruited as non-commissioned officers (NCO).[23] In September 2016, he left the Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports to train at the Sports Authority of India centre in Bangalore. He was formally inducted as a JCO in December 2016, and subsequently received extended leave to continue his training.[21]

Chopra won a gold medal in the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships in Bhubaneshwar, Odisha.

Chopra won gold in the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships with a throw of 85.23 metres.[24]

General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Army Staff, congratulating Neeraj Chopra (second from right), gold medallist in javelin throw, and Gaurav Solanki, gold medallist in boxing, for their performance in the 2018 Commonwealth Games.

In the men's javelin throw at the 2018 Commonwealth Games, he registered a season-best effort of 86.47 metres, becoming the first Indian to win the javelin throw at the Commonwealth Games.[25] In May 2018, he again broke the national record at the Doha Diamond League with a throw of 87.43 metres.[26]

In August 2018, Chopra made his debut at the Asian Games representing India, and was also the flag-bearer for the Indian contingent during the 2018 Asian Games Parade of Nations.[27] On 27 August, he threw a distance of 88.06 m to win gold in the Men's javelin throw at the 2018 Asian Games and bettered his own Indian national record.[28] It was also India's first gold medal in the javelin throw at the Asian Games. Chopra was the only track and field athlete that year to be recommended by the Athletics Federation of India (AFI) for the country's highest sports award, the Major Dhyanchand Khel Ratna, but was awarded the Arjuna Award in September 2018.[29] He was further rewarded by the army with an out-of-turn promotion to subedar in November.[30]

Injury and recovery

Chopra missed the 2019 World Championships in Doha due to bone spurs in his right elbow, undergoing surgery in Mumbai on 3 May 2019,[31] the day after the qualifying competitions for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics had begun. After a period of recuperation, involving meditation and rehabilitative training at Patiala and the Inspire Institute of Sport at Vijayanagar, Chopra travelled to South Africa in November 2019 for training under German biomechanics expert Klaus Bartoneitz.[32][33] Previously, he had been coached by Gary Calvert[34] and Werner Daniels.[35]

After a 16-month hiatus, Chopra returned to international competition in January 2020 with a winning throw of 87.86 metres in the Athletics Central North West League Meeting in Potchefstroom, South Africa, which as a distance of over 85 meters qualified him for the Tokyo Olympiad.[32]

After South Africa, Chopra travelled to Turkey for training, but was forced to return to India in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[36] Owing to the pandemic and lockdown in India,[36] Chopra spent the next year training at the NIS Patiala.[37] In late 2020, the Athletics Federation of India and the Odisha state government aided the national javelin team by arranging a training camp at Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar, which Chopra attended from December 2020 through February 2021.[38]

On 5 March 2021, Chopra again broke his own national record with a throw of 88.07 m, which ranked him third-best internationally.[39]

Owing to the pandemic, Chopra's visa application to travel to Sweden for training was rejected. After weeks of attempting to secure a visa, which Chopra described as frustrating, he was cleared to travel to Europe with his coach following the intervention of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and the Ministry of External Affairs.[37][40] He flew to Paris on 5 June 2021 for a mandatory quarantine period before travelling to Portugal for the Meeting Cidade de Lisboa.[36] He opened his international season of 2021 there with a throw of 83.18 metres, which earned him a gold medal.[41] Chopra remained in Lisbon until 19 June before travelling to Uppsala, Sweden with his coach for further training, which was sanctioned by the Sports Authority of India at a cost of 34.85 lakh (US$49,000).[citation needed]

He went on to compete in the Karlstad Meet in Sweden on 22 June, where he achieved a gold with a sub-par throw of 80.96 m. before winning a bronze in the Kuortane Games in Finland with a throw of 86.79 m.[42][43] He attributed his reduced performance in Finland to a tendency to throw higher than he wanted, along with having to use a different javelin as his own was unavailable.[44] Following the Kuortane Games, Chopra travelled to Lucerne to compete in the Spitzen Leichtathletik Luzern but decided to withdraw due to fatigue.[43] He attempted to secure a visa for the United Kingdom to enter the Diamond League at Gateshead on 13 July, but faced difficulties due to the pandemic and instead continued training and honing his technique in Uppsala.[44]

2020 Tokyo Olympics

In preparation for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, which had been postponed to 2021, Chopra trained with guidance from his German coach Uwe Hohn, biomechanics expert Klaus Bartonietz and physiotherapist Ishaan Marwaha.[45] During 2018 – 2019, Hohn improved Chopra's throwing technique, which earlier was "wild" according to Hohn.[46]

On 4 August 2021, Chopra made his debut at the Olympics, representing India in the Japan National Stadium[47] He topped his qualifying group for entry to the final with a throw of 86.65 metres.[48]

Chopra won the gold medal in the final on 7 August with a throw of 87.58 m in his second attempt, becoming the first Indian Olympian to win a gold medal in athletics, and the first post-independence Indian Olympic medalist in athletics.[49]

Chopra's medal gave India a final total of seven medals at the Games, surpassing the country's previous best performance of six medals earned at the 2012 London Olympics.[50] As a result of his performance in Tokyo, Chopra became the second-ranked athlete internationally in the men's javelin throw.[51]

Chopra also became the second Indian to win an individual Olympic gold medal after Abhinav Bindra, who won the gold medal in men's 10 m air rifle in the 2008 Summer Olympics.[52] He dedicated his win to sprinters Milkha Singh and P. T. Usha, both former Olympians from India.[53]

According to some historians, Chopra is the first Olympic medalist in track and field for India, but this status is disputed. Dr Otto Peltzer, a former German athlete and coach who spent many years promoting track and field sports in India, considers Norman Pritchard to have been the first Indian track and field Olympic medalist, having competed at the 1900 Paris Olympics. Both the International Olympic Committee and Indian Olympic Association officially recognise Pritchard as India's first Olympic medalist in athletics.[54][55][56][57][58][59][60][n 1]

Results and seasonal bests

International competitions

Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
Representing  India
2013 World Youth Championships Donetsk, Ukraine 19th (q) Javelin throw (700 g) 66.75 m
2015 Asian Championships Wuhan, China 9th Javelin throw 70.50 m
2016 2016 South Asian Games Guwahati, India 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 82.23 m
Asian Junior Championships Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Javelin throw 77.60 m
World U20 Championships Bydgoszcz, Poland 1st place, gold medalist(s) WJR Javelin throw 86.48 m
2017 Asian Grand Prix Series Jinhua, China 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Javelin throw 82.11 m[61]
Jiaxing, China 2nd place, silver medalist(s) 83.32 m[62]
Taipei, Taiwan 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) 79.90 m[63]
Asian Championships Bhubaneswar, India 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 85.23 m
IAAF Diamond League Paris, France 7th
(10 pts)
Javelin throw 84.67 m[64]
Fontvieille, Monaco 78.92 m[65]
Zurich, Switzerland 83.80 m[66]
World Championships London, United Kingdom 15th (q) Javelin throw 82.26 m
2018 Offenburg Speerwurf Meeting Offenburg, Germany 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Javelin throw 82.80 m[67]
Commonwealth Games Gold Coast, Australia 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 86.47 m
IAAF Diamond League Doha, Qatar 4th
(17 pts)
Javelin throw 87.43 m[68]
Eugene, Oregon, USA 80.81 m[69]
Rabat, Morocco 83.32 m[70]
Zurich, Switzerland 85.73 m[71]
Sotteville Athletics Meet Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 85.17 m[72]
Savo Games Lapinlahti, Finland 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 85.69 m[73]
Asian Games Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia 1st place, gold medalist(s) NR Javelin throw 88.06 m[74]
2020 Athletics Central North West League Meeting
(qualifying event for Summer Olympics)
South Africa 1st place, gold medalist(s) (q) Javelin throw 87.86 m[32]
2021 Meeting Cidade de Lisboa Portugal 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 83.18 m[75]
2021 Folksam Grand Prix Sweden 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 80.96 m[75]
2021 Kourtane Games Finland 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Javelin throw 86.79 m[75][76]
2021 Olympic Games Tokyo, Japan 1st place, gold medalist(s) Javelin throw 87.58 m[77]
NR−National Records
WJR−World U20 Junior Records
q−Qualification round

Seasonal bests by year

Year Performance[8] Place Date
2013 69.66 metres Patiala, India 26 Jul
2014 70.19 metres Patiala, India 17 Aug
2015 81.04 metres Patiala, India 31 Dec
2016 86.48 metres Bydgoszcz, Poland 23 Jul
2017 85.63 metres Patiala, India 2 Jun
2018 88.06 metres Jakarta, Indonesia 27 Aug
2020 87.86 metres South Africa 28 Jan
2021 88.07 metres Patiala, India 5 Mar

Awards and recognition

Notes

  1. ^ Pritchard won the first Olympic track and field medal in the 1900 Paris Olympics, competing in the 200 meter sprint and the 200 meter hurdles events. Thus, Chopra became the second Olympic track and field medalist for India. Pritchard technically competed for Britain as British India did not officially gain representation within the Olympic Movement until 1920; however, the International Olympic Committee and the Athletics Federation of India officially regard Pritchard as having competed for India and credit his medals accordingly. Olympics historian and journalist Gulu Ezekiel further observes that though Pritchard was an Englishman of English parentage, he was born in Calcutta and developed his abilities as a champion sprinter and hurdler while representing the Bengal Presidency in events within India.[54]

See also

References

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Presented content of the Wikipedia article was extracted in 2021-08-23 based on https://en.wikipedia.org/?curid=51150040