MacKenzie Scott Tuttle
April 7, 1970
|Education||Princeton University (BA)|
|Net worth||US$62. 2 billion (December 2020)|
(m. 1993; div. 2019)
|Awards||American Book Award (2006)|
MacKenzie Scott (née Tuttle, formerly Bezos; April 7, 1970) is an American novelist, billionaire, and venture philanthropist. She has served as the executive director of Bystander Revolution, an anti-bullying organization she founded, since 2014.
Born and raised in San Francisco, California, Scott graduated from Princeton University in 1992 where she studied under writer Toni Morrison. After graduating, she worked for D. E. Shaw, a quantitative hedge fund in New York, as an administrative assistant from 1992 to 1994. Scott wrote her debut novel, The Testing of Luther Albright, eleven years later, in 2005, for which she won an American Book Award in 2006.
Scott was married to Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon and Blue Origin, from 1993 to 2019. The couple's divorce made her the third-wealthiest woman in the world and one of the world's wealthiest people by April 2019. In June 2020, Forbes magazine named Scott the 22nd richest person in the world, largely due to her $38 billion divorce settlement. A month later, she signed the Giving Pledge, committing to give at least half of her wealth to charity. In July 2020, Scott was ranked the 22nd-richest person in the world by Forbes with a net worth estimated at $36 billion. By September 2020, Scott was named the world's richest woman; by December 2020 her net worth was estimated at $62 billion. During the course of 2020, Scott has donated over 6 billion dollars to philanthropic causes.
MacKenzie Scott Tuttle was born on April 7, 1970, in San Francisco, California. Her father was a financial planner. In 1988, she graduated from Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Connecticut. Tuttle earned her bachelor's degree in English at Princeton University with highest honors in 1992. She studied under writer Toni Morrison, who said Tuttle was "one of the best students I've ever had" in her creative writing classes.
After graduating, she worked for D. E. Shaw, a quantitative hedge fund in New York, as a recruiter and a writer from 1992 to 1994. There, she worked for Jeff Bezos, then a senior vice-president, as a research associate. She was an accountant at Amazon for a year after it was founded in 1994. MacKenzie wrote her debut novel, The Testing of Luther Albright, eleven years later, in 2005, for which she won an American Book Award in 2006. Her second novel, Traps, was published in 2013.
MacKenzie was married to Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon and Blue Origin, from 1993 to 2019. She met him while working as his assistant at D. E. Shaw in 1992; after three months of dating in New York they married and moved to Seattle, Washington, in 1994. They have four children: three sons and one daughter adopted from China. Their communal property divorce in 2019 left MacKenzie with US$35.6 billion in Amazon stock while her ex-husband retained 75% of the couple's Amazon stock. She became the third-wealthiest woman in the world and one of the wealthiest people overall in April 2019. MacKenzie kept her last name instead of reverting to her maiden name, Tuttle, but later began going by the name MacKenzie Scott, with the surname derived from her middle name.
In May 2019, she signed the Giving Pledge, a charitable giving campaign in which she willingly committed to give away most of her wealth to charity over her lifetime or in her will, though her pledge is legally non-binding. In July 2020, Scott announced she had donated $1.7 billion to 116 non-profit organizations, with a focus on racial equality, LGBTQ+ equality, democracy, and climate change. Two of these organizations were the traditionally black universities Morehouse College and Howard University. In December 2020, Scott announced she had donated a further $4.15 billion in the previous four months to 384 organizations, with a focus on providing support to people affected by the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and addressing long-term systemic inequities.
Altogether, her 2020 charitable giving totaled $5.8 billion.
...marriage of Jeffrey Preston Bezos and MacKenzie Scott Tuttle.
Presented content of the Wikipedia article was extracted in 2020-12-24 based on https://en.wikipedia.org/?curid=24808122