68 songs written by 134 songwriters have won the Eurovision Song Contest, an annual competition organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. The contest, which has been broadcast every year since its debut in 1956 (with the exception of 2020), is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world. The contest's winner has been determined using numerous voting techniques throughout its history; centre to these have been the awarding of points to countries by juries or televoters. The country awarded the most points is declared the winner. The first Eurovision Song Contest was not won on points, but by votes (two per country), and only the winner was announced.
There have been 65 contests, with one winner each year except the tied 1969 contest, which had four. Twenty-seven countries have won the contest. Switzerland won the first contest in 1956. The country with the highest number of wins is Ireland, with seven. The only person to have won more than once as performer is Ireland's Johnny Logan, who performed "What's Another Year" in 1980 and "Hold Me Now" in 1987. Logan is also one of only five songwriters to have written more than one winning entry ("Hold Me Now" 1987 and "Why Me?" 1992, performed by Linda Martin). This unique distinction makes Logan the only person to have three Eurovision victories to their credit, as either singer, songwriter or both. The other four songwriters with more than one winning entry to their credit are, Willy van Hemert (Netherlands, 1957 and 1959), Yves Dessca (Monaco, 1971 and Luxembourg, 1972), Rolf Løvland (Norway, 1985 and 1995) and Brendan Graham (Ireland, 1994 and 1996).
Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a unique opportunity for the winning artist(s) to capitalise on their success and surrounding publicity by launching or furthering their international career during their singing years. However, throughout the history of the contest, relatively few of these artists have gone on to be huge international stars. The most notable winning Eurovision artists whose career was directly launched into the spotlight following their win were the members of ABBA, who won the 1974 contest for Sweden with their song "Waterloo". ABBA went on to be one of the most successful bands of its time. Another notable winner who subsequently achieved international fame and success was Céline Dion, who won the 1988 contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi".
Since 2008, the winner has been awarded an official winner's trophy of the Eurovision Song Contest. The trophy is a handmade piece of sandblasted glass in the shape of a 1950s microphone. The song writers and composers of the winning entry receive smaller versions of the trophy. The original design was created by Kjell Engman of Kosta Boda, who specialises in glass art.
|Year||Host City||Date||Winner||Song||Performer(s)||Songwriter(s)||Language||Running order (in final)||Points|
|1956||Lugano||24 May||Switzerland||"Refrain"||Lys Assia||French||09/14||Not announced|
|1957||Frankfurt||3 March||Netherlands||"Net als toen"||Corry Brokken||Dutch||06/10||31|
|1958||Hilversum||12 March||France||"Dors, mon amour"||André Claveau||French||03/10||27|
|1959||Cannes||11 March||Netherlands||"Een beetje"||Teddy Scholten||
|1960||London||29 March||France||"Tom Pillibi"||Jacqueline Boyer||French||13/13||32|
|1961||Cannes||18 March||Luxembourg||"Nous les amoureux"||Jean-Claude Pascal||French||14/16||31|
|1962||Luxembourg||18 March||France||"Un premier amour"||Isabelle Aubret||French||09/16||26|
|1963||London||23 March||Denmark||"Dansevise"||Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann||Danish||08/16||42|
|1964||Copenhagen||21 March||Italy||"Non ho l'età"||Gigliola Cinquetti||Italian||12/16||49|
|1965||Naples||20 March||Luxembourg||"Poupée de cire, poupée de son"||France Gall||Serge Gainsbourg||French||15/18||32|
|1966||Luxembourg||5 March||Austria||"Merci, Chérie"||Udo Jürgens||German||09/18||31|
|1967||Vienna||8 April||United Kingdom||"Puppet on a String"||Sandie Shaw||English||11/17||47|
|1968||London||6 April||Spain||"La, la, la"||Massiel||
|1969||Madrid||29 March||France||"Un jour, un enfant"||Frida Boccara||French||14/16||18|
|Netherlands||"De troubadour"||Lenny Kuhr||Dutch||08/16|
|United Kingdom||"Boom Bang-a-Bang"||Lulu||English||07/16|
|1970||Amsterdam||21 March||Ireland||"All Kinds of Everything"||Dana||English||12/12||32|
|1971||Dublin||3 April||Monaco||"Un banc, un arbre, une rue"||Séverine||French||03/18||128|
|1972||Edinburgh||25 March||Luxembourg||"Après toi"||Vicky Leandros||
|1973||Luxembourg||7 April||Luxembourg||"Tu te reconnaîtras"||Anne-Marie David||French||11/17||129|
|1976||The Hague||3 April||United Kingdom||"Save Your Kisses for Me"||Brotherhood of Man||English||01/18||164|
|1977||London||7 May||France||"L'oiseau et l'enfant"||Marie Myriam||French||18/18||136|
|1978||Paris||22 April||Israel||"A-Ba-Ni-Bi"||Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta||Hebrew||18/20||157|
|1979||Jerusalem||31 March||Israel||"Hallelujah"||Milk and Honey||Hebrew||10/19||125|
|1980||The Hague||19 April||Ireland||"What's Another Year"||Johnny Logan||English||17/19||143|
|1981||Dublin||4 April||United Kingdom||"Making Your Mind Up"||Bucks Fizz||English||14/20||136|
|1982||Harrogate||24 April||Germany||"Ein bißchen Frieden"||Nicole||German||18/18||161|
|1983||Munich||23 April||Luxembourg||"Si la vie est cadeau"||Corinne Hermès||French||20/20||142|
|1984||Luxembourg||5 May||Sweden||"Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley"||Herreys||Swedish||01/19||145|
|1985||Gothenburg||4 May||Norway||"La det swinge"||Bobbysocks!||Norwegian||13/19||123|
|1986||Bergen||3 May||Belgium||"J'aime la vie"||Sandra Kim||French||13/20||176|
|1987||Brussels||9 May||Ireland||"Hold Me Now"||Johnny Logan||
|1988||Dublin||30 April||Switzerland||"Ne partez pas sans moi"||Céline Dion||French||09/21||137|
|1989||Lausanne||6 May||Yugoslavia||"Rock Me"||Riva||Croatian||22/22||137|
|1990||Zagreb||5 May||Italy||"Insieme: 1992"||Toto Cutugno||Italian||19/22||149|
|1991||Rome||4 May||Sweden||"Fångad av en stormvind"||Carola||Swedish||08/22||146|
|1992||Malmö||9 May||Ireland||"Why Me"||Linda Martin||
|1993||Millstreet||15 May||Ireland||"In Your Eyes"||Niamh Kavanagh||English||14/25||187|
|1994||Dublin||30 April||Ireland||"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"||Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan||English||03/25||226|
|1995||Dublin||13 May||Norway||"Nocturne"||Secret Garden||
|1996||Oslo||18 May||Ireland||"The Voice"||Eimear Quinn||
|1997||Dublin||3 May||United Kingdom||"Love Shine a Light"||Katrina and the Waves||English||24/25||227|
|1998||Birmingham||9 May||Israel||"Diva"||Dana International||Hebrew||08/25||172|
|1999||Jerusalem||29 May||Sweden||"Take Me to Your Heaven"||Charlotte Nilsson||English||15/23||163|
|2000||Stockholm||13 May||Denmark||"Fly on the Wings of Love"||Olsen Brothers||English||14/24||195|
|2001||Copenhagen||12 May||Estonia||"Everybody"||Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL||English||20/23||198|
|2002||Tallinn||25 May||Latvia||"I Wanna"||Marie N||English||23/24||176|
|2003||Riga||24 May||Turkey||"Everyway That I Can"||Sertab Erener||
|2004[N 1]||Istanbul||15 May||Ukraine||"Wild Dances"||Ruslana||English, Ukrainian||10/24||280|
|2005||Kyiv||21 May||Greece||"My Number One"||Helena Paparizou||English||19/24||230|
|2006||Athens||20 May||Finland||"Hard Rock Hallelujah"||Lordi||English||17/24||292|
|2007||Helsinki||12 May||Serbia||"Molitva"||Marija Šerifović||Serbian||17/24||268|
|2008[N 2]||Belgrade||24 May||Russia||"Believe"||Dima Bilan||
|2009||Moscow||16 May||Norway||"Fairytale"||Alexander Rybak||
|2011||Düsseldorf||14 May||Azerbaijan||"Running Scared"||Ell and Nikki||English||19/25||221|
|2013||Malmö||18 May||Denmark||"Only Teardrops"||Emmelie de Forest||English||18/26||281|
|2014||Copenhagen||10 May||Austria||"Rise Like a Phoenix"||Conchita Wurst||English||11/26||290|
|2015||Vienna||23 May||Sweden||"Heroes"||Måns Zelmerlöw||English||10/27||365|
||English, Crimean Tatar||21/26||534|
|2017||Kyiv||13 May||Portugal||"Amar pelos dois"||Portuguese||11/26||758|
|2018||Lisbon||12 May||Israel||"Toy"||Netta||English[N 3]||22/26||529|
|2019||Tel Aviv||18 May||Netherlands||"Arcade"||Duncan Laurence||
|2020||Contest cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic|
|2021||Rotterdam||22 May||Italy||"Zitti e buoni"||Måneskin||
The following individuals have won the Eurovision Song Contest as a performer or songwriter more than once. Bold indicates a win as a performer. Italics indicates a win as a songwriter.
|3||Johnny Logan||1980, 1987, 1992|
|2||Willy van Hemert||1957, 1959|
|Yves Dessca||1971, 1972|
|Rolf Løvland||1985, 1995|
|Brendan Graham||1994, 1996|
Eleven Eurovision winners (alongside three non-winners) featured at the Congratulations concert in 2005, in which ABBA's "Waterloo" was voted the most popular song of the contest's first fifty years.
Ireland has finished first seven times, more than any other country. Ireland also won the contest for three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994), the only country to ever do so. Three countries have won twice in a row: Spain (1968 and 1969), Luxembourg (1972 and 1973) and Israel (1978 and 1979). Serbia is the only country to win with its debut entry (in 2007), although Serbia had competed previously as part of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro. By contrast, Portugal holds the record for waiting the longest to achieve their first win, doing so in 2017; 53 years after their first appearance in the contest. Austria holds the record for longest wait in between wins, having won for the first time in 1966 and a second time in 2014. Under the voting system used between 1975 and 2015, the winner of the contest was decided by the final voting nation on eleven occasions.[N 4]
Changes to the voting system, including a steady growth in the number of countries participating and voting, means that the points earned are not comparable across the decades. Portugal's Salvador Sobral holds the record of the highest number of points in the contest's history, earning 758 with the song "Amar pelos dois". Norway's Alexander Rybak holds the largest margin of victory in absolute points, a 169-point cushion over second place in 2009. Italy's Gigliola Cinquetti holds the record for largest victory by percentage, scoring almost three times as many as second place (49 points compared with 17 by the runner-up) in the 1964 contest. The lowest winning score is the 18 points (of the 160 total votes cast by 16 countries) scored by each of the four winning countries in 1969.
Under the voting system used from 1975 until 2015, in which each country gives maximum points to its first place choice, Sweden's Loreen won Eurovision 2012 with the most ever first place votes earned, receiving first place votes from 18 of 41 countries (excluding themselves). The 1976 United Kingdom entrant, Brotherhood of Man with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me" holds the record of the highest average score per participating country, with an average of 9.65 points received per country. 2011 winner Azerbaijan Ell & Nikki, hold the lowest average score for a winning song under that system, receiving 5.14 points per country.
In 2016, Jamala's "1944" became the first winning entry since the jury vote was introduced alongside the televote starting in 2009 to place first in neither area, coming second in the jury vote behind Australia and second in the televote behind Russia. Duncan Laurence's "Arcade" became the second such winner in the 2019 contest, having placed third behind North Macedonia and Sweden in the jury vote, and second behind Norway in the televote.
Around 2/3 of the winning songs were performed in the second half of the gala. According to the official statistics, until 2019, only 34.3% of the winning songs were performed in the first half, including 3 of the 4 winners in 1969. The only song to win without being clearly in one half or the other was the Israeli entry Hallelujah in 1979, which was drawn 10th out of 19 songs. Between 2005 to 2013, all the winning songs were performed in the second half of the Grand Final’s running order.
The United Kingdom has finished second fifteen times at Eurovision (most recently in 1998), more than any other country. France has finished third and fourth seven times at Eurovision (most recently respectively in 1981 and in 2001), and Sweden has finished fifth nine times at Eurovision (most recently in 2019). The most successful country[when defined as?] never to have won the contest is Malta, having finished second in 2002 and 2005 and third in 1992 and 1998. Another island nation Iceland has also finished second twice, in 1999 and 2009. With Portugal achieving its first win in 2017, Malta now also holds the record for longest wait for a first win, having first shown up in the contest in 1971 (although Cyprus has more winless appearances, with 36 since debuting in 1981, due to Malta taking a break from 1976 through 1990). Spain holds the current record for longest drought by a winning country, having last won in 1969. They are followed by France (1977) and Belgium (1986).
There is no official runner-up for two of the contests – 1956 and 1969. In 1956 only the winner, Switzerland, was announced, whilst there were speculative reports that Germany ended up in second place with "Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück" by Walter Andreas Schwarz, given that Germany was chosen to host the 1957 contest. In 1969, four songs shared first place by achieving the same number of points; fifth place was achieved by Switzerland, which is not considered an official runner-up, because of the draw for first place.
|Inactive||Countries that have participated in the past, but did not participate in the most recent contest, or will not participate in the upcoming contest.|
|Former||Former countries that have been dissolved.|
|7||Ireland||1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996|
|6||Sweden||1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015|
|5||France||1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977|
|Luxembourg †||1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983|
|United Kingdom||1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997|
|Netherlands||1957, 1959, 1969, 1975, 2019|
|4||Israel||1978, 1979, 1998, 2018|
|3||Norway||1985, 1995, 2009|
|Denmark||1963, 2000, 2013|
|Italy||1964, 1990, 2021|
The year 1969 is in italics to indicate a joint (4-way) win.
Between 1966 and 1973, and again between 1977 and 1998, countries were only permitted to perform in their own language; see the main Eurovision Song Contest article.
|33||English||1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[N 6] 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016,[N 7] 2018,[N 3] 2019||United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine,[N 6][N 7] Greece, Finland, Russia, Norway, Germany, Azerbaijan, Austria, Israel|
|14||French||1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1988||Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium|
|4||Hebrew||1978, 1979, 1998, 2018[N 3]||Israel|
|3||Dutch||1957, 1959, 1969||Netherlands|
|Italian||1964, 1990, 2021||Italy|
|2||German||1966, 1982||Austria, Germany|
|Ukrainian||2004[N 6]||Ukraine[N 6]|
|Crimean Tatar||2016[N 7]||Ukraine[N 7]|
Corry Brokken, winner of the 1957 contest for the Netherlands.
André Claveau, winner of the 1958 contest for France.
Teddy Scholten, winner of the 1959 contest for the Netherlands.
Jacqueline Boyer, winner of the 1960 contest for France.
Jean-Claude Pascal, winner of the 1961 contest for Luxembourg.
Isabelle Aubret, winner of the 1962 contest for France.
Jørgen & Grethe Ingmann, winners of the 1963 contest for Denmark.
Gigliola Cinquetti, winner of the 1964 contest for Italy.
France Gall, winner of the 1965 contest for Luxembourg.
Sandie Shaw, winner of the 1967 contest for the United Kingdom.
Lenny Kuhr, one of the four winners of the 1969 contest for the Netherlands.
Frida Boccara, one of the four winners of the 1969 contest for France.
Vicky Leandros, winner of the 1972 contest for Luxembourg.
Anne-Marie David, winner of the 1973 contest for Luxembourg.
ABBA, winners of the 1974 and the 50th anniversary contests for Sweden.
Brotherhood of Man, winners of the 1976 contest for the United Kingdom
Marie Myriam, winner of the 1977 contest for France.
Gali Atari, winner (as part of Milk and Honey) of the 1979 contest for Israel.
Johnny Logan, winner of the 1980 and 1987 contests for Ireland.
Bucks Fizz, winner of the 1981 contest for the United Kingdom.
Nicole Hohloch, winner of the 1982 contest for Germany.
Richard Herrey from Herreys, winners of the 1984 contest for Sweden.
Bobbysocks!, winners of the 1985 contest for Norway.
Sandra Kim, winner of the 1986 contest for Belgium.
Celine Dion, winner of the 1988 contest for Switzerland.
Emilija Kokić, lead vocalist for the winning band Riva in 1989 for Yugoslavia.
Carola Häggkvist, winner of the 1991 contest for Sweden.
Linda Martin, winner of the 1992 contest for Ireland.
Niamh Kavanagh, winner of the 1993 contest for Ireland.
Secret Garden, winner of the 1995 contest for Norway.
Eimear Quinn, winner of the 1996 contest for Ireland.
Katrina and the Waves, winners of the 1997 contest for the United Kingdom.
Dana International, winner of the 1998 contest for Israel.
Charlotte Nilsson, winner of the 1999 contest for Sweden.
Olsen Brothers, winners of the 2000 contest for Denmark.
Dave Benton, winner (together with Tanel Padar and 2XL) of the 2001 contest for Estonia.
Helena Paparizou, winner of the 2005 contest for Greece.
Marija Šerifović, winner of the 2007 contest for Serbia.
Dima Bilan, winner of the 2008 contest for Russia.
Ell & Nikki, winners of the 2011 contest for Azerbaijan.
Emmelie de Forest, winner of the 2013 contest for Denmark.
Conchita Wurst, winner of the 2014 contest for Austria.
Måns Zelmerlöw, winner of the 2015 contest for Sweden.
Salvador Sobral, winner of the 2017 contest for Portugal.
Duncan Laurence, winner of the 2019 contest for the Netherlands.
Émile Gardaz, winner of the 1956 contest for Switzerland.
Nicola Salerno, winner of the 1964 contest for Italy.
Serge Gainsbourg, winner of the 1965 contest for Luxembourg.
Manuel de la Calva and Ramón Arcusa (known as Dúo Dinámico), winners of the 1968 contest for Spain.
Benny Andersson, winner of the 1974 contest for Sweden.
Eddy Ouwens, winner of the 1975 contest for Netherlands.
Tony Hiller, winner of the 1976 contest for United Kingdom.
Nurit Hirsh, winner of the 1978 contest for Israel.
Johnny Logan, winning songwriter of the 1987 and 1992 contests for Ireland.
Rolf Løvland (left), winning songwriter of the 1985 and 1995 contests for Norway.
Maian Kärmas, winner of the 2001 contest for Estonia.
Christos Dantis, winner of the 2005 contest for Greece.
Julie Frost, winner of the 2010 contest for Germany.
Stefan Örn, winner of the 2011 contest for Azerbaijan.
Thomas G:son, winner of the 2012 contest for Sweden.
Thomas Stengaard (left), Julia Fabrin Jakobsen (centre) and Lise Cabble (right), winner of the 2013 contest for Denmark.
Anton Malmberg Hård af Segerstad, winner of the 2015 contest for Sweden.
Luísa Sobral, winner of the 2017 contest for Portugal.
Doron Medalie, winner of the 2018 contest for Israel.
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