Ever Given

EVER GIVEN (49643352087).jpg
Ever Given in March 2020 at the ECT Delta terminal in the Port of Rotterdam
History
Name: Ever Given[a]
Owner: Shoei Kisen Kaisha[1][2]
Operator: Evergreen Marine
Port of registry: Panama City, Panama
Builder: Imabari Shipbuilding (Japan)
Yard number: S-1833
Laid down: 25 December 2015[3]
Launched: 9 May 2018[3]
Completed: 25 September 2018[3]
Identification:
General characteristics
Class and type: Golden-class container ship
Tonnage:
Displacement: 265,876 t (586,156,000 lb)[3]
Length: 399.94 m (1,312 ft 2 in)[3]
Beam: 58.8 m (192 ft 11 in)[3]
Draught:
  • 14.5 m (47 ft 7 in) (design)[3]
  • 16.0 m (52 ft 6 in) (maximum)[3]
Depth: 32.9 m (107 ft 11 in)
Installed power: MitsuiMAN B&W 11G95ME-C9 (59,300 kW)[4]
Propulsion:
Speed: 22.8 knots (42.2 km/h; 26.2 mph)
Capacity: 20,124 TEU[5]
Crew: 25
Ever Given
Traditional Chinese長賜輪
Simplified Chinese长赐轮

Ever Given[a] (Chinese: 長賜輪[6]) is a Golden-class container ship, one of the largest in the world. The ship is owned by Shoei Kisen Kaisha (a shipowning and leasing subsidiary of the large Japanese shipbuilding company Imabari Shipbuilding), and is time chartered and operated by container transportation and shipping company Evergreen Marine, headquartered in Luzhu District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.[7] Ever Given is registered in Panama and its technical management is the responsibility of the German ship management company Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement (BSM).[8]

On 23 March 2021, while traveling from Tanjung Pelepas in Malaysia[9] to Rotterdam in the Netherlands, the ship ran aground in the Suez Canal although it was of Suezmax size, blocking the Canal. The ship remained in place for six days before salvage crews freed it on 29 March 2021.[10]

Description

Ever Given (IMO 9811000) is one of 13 container ships built to the Imabari 20000 design developed by Imabari Shipbuilding, 11 of which have been chartered by Evergreen Marine with names starting with Ever G—.[4] The ship was laid down on 25 December 2015, launched on 9 May 2018 and completed on 25 September 2018.[3] It is Evergreen's second ship to be named Ever Given; the first one (IMO 8320901) was built in 1986 and has since been broken up.[11]

With a length overall of 399.94 metres (1,312 ft 2 in),[3] Ever Given is one of the longest ships in service. The hull has a beam of 58.8 metres (192 ft 11 in) and its height from keel to main deck (hull depth) is 32.9 metres (107 ft 11 in).[3] Fully laden at design draught, Ever Given draws 14.5 metres (47 ft 7 in) of water while the scantling draught, which is used as the basis of hull strength and structural design, is 16.0 metres (52.5 ft).[3] Ever Given has a gross tonnage of 220,940; net tonnage of 99,155; and deadweight tonnage of 199,629 tons at design draught.[3] The ship's container capacity is 20,124 TEU.[5]

As with most large container ships, the main engine is a low-speed two-stroke diesel. It is an 11-cylinder straight engine, license-manufactured MitsuiMAN B&W 11G95ME-C9. Coupled to a fixed-pitch propeller, it is rated at 59,300 kW (79,500 horsepower) at 79 rpm and gives the vessel a service speed of 22.8 knots (42.2 km/h; 26.2 mph).[4] The vessel also has four straight-8 Yanmar 8EY33LW auxiliary diesel generators.[4] For maneuvering in ports, Ever Given has two 2,500 kW (3,400 hp) bow thrusters.[4]

Operational history

2019 Hamburg allision

On 9 February 2019, the ship allided with and heavily damaged the Finkenwerder, a 25-metre-long (82 ft) HADAG ferry boat, at Blankenese, near the harbour of Hamburg.[12][13] Two minutes after the allision, a traffic ban on the Elbe river was mandated due to high winds.[14]

2021 Suez Canal grounding

At 07:40 Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00) on 23 March 2021, the ship was passing through the Suez Canal on its way to Rotterdam from Tanjung Pelepas[9][15] when it became stuck (coordinates 30°01′03″N 32°34′49″E / 30.01761°N 32.58018°E / 30.01761; 32.58018) near the village of Manshiyet Rugola[16] and blocked the canal.[8] According to a statement by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA), the ship ran aground diagonally after losing the ability to steer amid high winds and a dust storm.[17] In a separate statement, Evergreen Marine said that it had been told the ship "was suspected of being hit by a sudden strong wind, causing the hull to deviate from [the] waterway and accidentally hit the bottom".[1][17] The ship ended up with its bow wedged in one bank of the canal and stern nearly touching the other.[18]

Satellite image of Ever Given blocking the Suez Canal

The ship had been running fifth in a northbound convoy, with fifteen vessels behind it when it ran aground. Traffic in both directions was blocked for just over six days,[19] leading to a traffic jam of over two hundred vessels.[1][20] On 24 March, Bernhard Schulte Shipmanagement (BSM), the technical manager of the ship, denied earlier reports that it had been partially refloated.[15] In addition, trade experts were worried about a supply chain delay, and tension due to the delay for the ships trapped as well as other vessels that planned to cross the Suez.[21]

Eight tugboats worked to re-float the vessel in collaboration with a Komatsu excavator removing sand from the side of the canal where the bow of the vessel was wedged.[15][22] After an overnight break, the salvage work resumed in the morning of 25 March.[23]

On 25 March, an unnamed Egyptian official was reported as saying that refloating the ship would take days, if not weeks. Lt. Gen. Ossama Rabei, head of the SCA, announced, "The Suez Canal will not spare any efforts to ensure the restoration of navigation and to serve the movement of global trade." BSM and SKK said that all 25 crew are safe and accounted for. All crew remains on board, and there had been "no reports of injuries or pollution".[24][25] Egyptian meteorologists reported that high winds and a sandstorm had affected the area on the day of the grounding, with winds gusting as much as 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph).[26]

Addressing a press conference on 27 March, Admiral Osama Rabie, chairman of the SCA, said that weather conditions were "not the main reasons" for the ship's grounding, adding, "There may have been technical or human errors ... All of these factors will become apparent in the investigation."[27][28]

Aided by high Spring tide, the ship was partially freed from sediment and re-floated on 29 March 2021 at 05:42 EGY (03:42 UTC), apart from the bow, which was still caught.[29][30]

The ship was finally freed in the afternoon at 15:05 EGY (13:05 UTC),[31][32] and the ship started moving under tow towards the Great Bitter Lake for technical inspection, the first step towards reopening the canal,[33] planned for later that day.[32] After the canal had been checked for damage, the Suez Canal Authority informed shipping agencies that shipping was to resume from 19:00 local time (17:00 UTC).[34]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The name "EVERGREEN" written in large capital letters on both sides of the hull refers to Evergreen Marine, the Taiwanese company that charters the ship. The name of the ship is written in smaller letters on the stern and on both sides of the bow.

References

  1. ^ a b c Wang, Cindy; Park, Kyunghee; Lee, Annie (23 March 2021). "Suez Canal Snarled With Giant Ship Stuck in Top Trade Artery". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  2. ^ Gambrell, Jon (23 March 2021). "Massive cargo ship turns sideways, blocks Egypt's Suez Canal". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Ever Given (18265351)". ABS Record. American Bureau of Shipping. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Ever Given (9811000)". Sea-web. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b "ShipmentLink – Vessel Particulars". www.shipmentlink.com. Archived from the original on 8 June 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  6. ^ "長賜輪成功脫困,蘇伊士運河恢復正常通行". Evergreen Marine. Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Safety, Quality, Environment Policy Archived 2006-03-22 at Archive.today." Evergreen Marine. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
  8. ^ a b Farrer, Martin; Safi, Michael (24 March 2021). "Suez canal blocked by huge container ship after 'gust of wind'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  9. ^ Nagourney, Eric (29 March 2021). "With the Suez Canal Unblocked, the World's Commerce Resumes Its Course". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 30 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Ever Given (8320901)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Gentle touch of a giant – mega container ship brushed ferry". FleetMon.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  12. ^ "FINKENWERDER Passenger Ship: Allision in Blankenese". Vesseltracker.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  13. ^ Gessner, Nina (10 February 2019). "Frachter rammt Fähre in Hamburg-Blankenese: Hat der starke Wind den Elbe-Crash verursacht?". MOPO.de (in German). Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  14. ^ a b c "Egypt's Suez Canal blocked by huge container ship". BBC News. 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  15. ^ Yee, Vivian (27 March 2021). "'A Very Big Problem.' Giant Ship in the Suez Remains Stuck". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  16. ^ a b Maguire, Dannielle (25 March 2021). "The ship blocking the Suez Canal is called Ever Given, even though 'Evergreen' is written across it in huge letters". ABC News. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  17. ^ Paris, Costas; Malsin, Jared (24 March 2021). "Suez Canal Is Blocked by Container Ship Causing Huge Traffic Jam". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  18. ^ "Is this ship still stuck?". istheshipstillstuck.com. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  19. ^ "Maritime traffic jam grows outside blocked Suez Canal". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  20. ^ "'Anything you see in the stores' could be affected by Canal logjam, shipping experts say". NBC News. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  21. ^ NBC News (25 March 2021). "Komatsu Excavator Attempts to Dislodge One of World's Largest Shipping Containers". ConstructionEquipmentGuide.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  22. ^ "Ship rescue efforts suspended until Thursday". The Independent. 25 March 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  23. ^ "MV EVER GIVEN aground in the Suez Canal". 25 March 2021. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  24. ^ "M.V. EVER GIVEN スエズ運河座礁事故に関して" [M.V. EVER GIVEN Suez Canal Grounding Accident] (in Japanese). 25 March 2012. Archived from the original on 26 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  25. ^ "Massive cargo ship becomes wedged, blocks Egypt's Suez Canal". Associated Press News. 24 March 2021. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.
  26. ^ "Suez Canal: Effort to refloat wedged container ship continues". BBC News. 28 March 2021. Archived from the original on 28 March 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
  27. ^ "Egypt's Suez Canal Authority announces successful refloating of 'EVER GIVEN'". EgyptToday. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  28. ^ Safi, Michael (29 March 2021). "Suez canal: Ever Given ship partially refloated but bow still stuck". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  29. ^ "Traffic Jam on the Suez Canal". earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 29 March 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  30. ^ Safi, Michael (29 March 2021). "Suez canal: Ever Given container ship freed after a week". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021. [Boskalis] announce that our team of experts, working in close collaboration with the Suez Canal Authority, successfully refloated the Ever Given on 29 March at 15:05 hrs local time, thereby making free passage through the Suez canal possible again
  31. ^ a b Gubash, Charlene; Salam, Yasmine; Duchon, Richie (29 March 2021). "Suez Canal reopened after giant cargo ship successfully refloated". NBC News. Raf Sanchez, Caroline Radnofsky, The Associated Press, and Reuters contributed. Suez, Egypt: NBC Universal. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  32. ^ "Canal service provider says container ship in Suez set free". AP NEWS. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  33. ^ "Traffic in Suez Canal resumes after stranded ship refloated - Business and Economy News". Al Jazeera. 29 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021. The ship came out intact and it has no problems. We’ve just searched the bottom and soil of the Suez Canal and thankfully it is sound and has no issues, and ships will pass through it today

External links

Information

Article Ever Given in English Wikipedia took following places in local popularity ranking:

Presented content of the Wikipedia article was extracted in 2021-04-07 based on https://en.wikipedia.org/?curid=67195909