Archie Mountbatten-Windsor

Archie Mountbatten-Windsor
Born (2019-05-06) 6 May 2019 (age 22 months)
London, United Kingdom
  • British
  • American

Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor (born 6 May 2019) is the son of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex. He is seventh in the line of succession to the British throne.

Early life and family

Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor was born to the Duke and Duchess of Sussex at 05:26 BST (04:26 UTC) on 6 May 2019 at the Portland Hospital in London.[1][2] Several landmarks were illuminated in different colours to mark the birth, including Niagara Falls, the CN Tower and the London Eye.[3][4][5] His name was announced on 8 May 2019.[6] He was christened wearing the royal christening gown by Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, on 6 July 2019 in the private chapel at Windsor Castle.[7]

Mountbatten-Windsor descends paternally from the British royal family. He has mixed-race ancestry maternally,[8] having African-American and Euro-American lineage.[9][10][11][12] He has dual nationality of the United Kingdom and the United States.[13][14] In early 2020, his parents stepped down from their roles as working members of the royal family.[15] The family then moved to North America, and have resided in Montecito, California since the summer of that year.[16]

Title and succession

As a great-grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II,[17] Mountbatten-Windsor is seventh in the line of succession to the British throne. Although not a Prince or entitled to the style of Royal Highness as a great-grandchild of the sovereign, as heir apparent to his father's Dukedom of Sussex, Earldom of Dumbarton, and Barony of Kilkeel, he is customarily entitled to use Prince Harry's senior subsidiary title Earl of Dumbarton as a courtesy.[17][18] However, it was reported that the Duke and Duchess decided instead that he would be styled as Master Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor in accordance with their wish that he grow up as a private citizen.[19][20][21][22]

Letters patent issued by King George V in 1917[23] granted the style Royal Highness and the title of Prince or Princess to the children of the sovereign, the sovereign's male-line grandchildren, and the eldest son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales, while further letters patent issued by the Queen in 2012 expanded this to include all children of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales.[24] This means that Archie, and any other children of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, are not entitled to bear the style during the Queen's reign.[25]

Should Charles, Prince of Wales, succeed as king, the current letters patent would entitle Archie to the title of Prince.[26] However, in the 2021 television interview Oprah with Meghan and Harry, the Duchess of Sussex said that, while pregnant with Archie, she had been informed that he would not be given the style of Royal Highness or the title of Prince.[27] Making reference to the 1917 letters patent, she said that she had been told that changes would be made to remove that entitlement as part of Charles's reported plans for a slimmed-down monarchy.[28] She suggested that this was because Archie was mixed-race.[29]

The Duchess also said that during her pregnancy, a family member had raised with Prince Harry "concerns and conversations about how dark [Archie's] skin might be when he's born," and that she considered it "a pretty safe assumption" that the concern was that he would be "too brown".[29] She and the Duke refused to identify who had made the remarks,[30] and the Duke opined that it would be "too damaging" to reveal the speaker's identity or exactly what was said.[29] Interviewer Oprah Winfrey later said that the Duke and Duchess had only told her that the remarks did not come from either the Queen or her husband Prince Philip.[30]



  1. ^ "Royal baby: Meghan gives birth to boy, Harry announces". BBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  2. ^ Furness, Hannah; Lyons, Izzy; Davies, Gareth (17 May 2019). "Duchess of Sussex gave birth at Portland Hospital in Westminster, royal baby's birth certificate confirms". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  3. ^ Mowat, Justin (6 May 2019). "Niagara Falls will shine blue Monday to mark royal birth". CBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  4. ^ "CN Tower lit in purple to mark birth of royal baby". CBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  5. ^ "London Eye to turn red, white and blue for royal baby". BT. Press Association. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Royal baby: Duke and Duchess of Sussex name son Archie". BBC News. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  7. ^ Dymond, Jonny (6 July 2019). "Harry and Meghan's baby Archie christened at Windsor". BBC News. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  8. ^ Barry, Ellen; Karasz, Palko (6 May 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, Gives Birth to a Boy". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  9. ^ Glancy, Josh (1 December 2017). Written at Jonesboro, Georgia. "Meghan Markle's Jonesboro roots". The Times. London. Archived from the original on 6 December 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Tracing Meghan Markle's 'German roots'". Deutsche Welle. 11 May 2018. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  11. ^ Child, Christopher (15 December 2017). "The Hastings Connection". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on 16 December 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2017. As Gary Boyd Roberts indicated in his press release, 'Meghan Markle is related to Prince Harry hundreds of times over'
  12. ^ "Meghan Markle: 17 things you didn't know about the Duchess of Sussex". The Week. 18 September 2020. Archived from the original on 28 May 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  13. ^ Alexander, Harriet (7 May 2019). Written at New York. "US tax authorities could stake a claim to Baby Sussex's inheritance". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 6 May 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020. Los Angeles-born Meghan Markle is believed to have retained her US citizenship, and she will automatically pass that on to her offspring unless the child renounces US citizenship once he or she turns 18.
  14. ^ "Royal baby: All you need to know about the birth of Harry and Meghan's child". BBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Prince Harry and Meghan to step back as senior royals". BBC News. 8 January 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  16. ^ Taylor, Elise (19 August 2020). "Why Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Chose to Live in Montecito, California". Vogue. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  17. ^ a b "Royal baby: Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, gives birth to boy". The Guardian. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  18. ^ Furness, Hannah; Southworth, Phoebe; Herbert, Samantha (6 May 2019). "Royal baby: Prince Harry says birth of son is 'the most amazing experience' as world waits for first sighting". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Archie Harrison: The meaning behind the royal baby's name". BBC News. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  20. ^ "Succession". The Royal Family. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  21. ^ Barry, Ellen (8 May 2019). "Harry and Meghan Name Their Son: Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  22. ^ Davies, Caroline (8 May 2019). "Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor – what's in a name?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  23. ^ "No. 30428". The London Gazette. 14 December 1917. p. 13086.
  24. ^ Denyer, C I P (31 December 2012). "Crown Office". The Gazette. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  25. ^ Rodger, James; Sloper, Rachel (15 October 2018). "Will Prince Harry and Meghan's children be princes and princesses?". Leicester Mercury. Retrieved 18 January 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  26. ^ Stump, Scott. "Meghan Markle explained why Archie isn't a prince. Here's why that could change". Today. NBC Universal. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  27. ^ Jones, Zoe Christen; Linton, Caroline (7 March 2021). "Live Updates: The Harry and Meghan interview with Oprah". CBS News. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  28. ^ "Archie: Why is Meghan and Harry's son not a prince?". BBC News. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  29. ^ a b c Davies, Caroline. "Palace under pressure to respond to Harry and Meghan racism claims". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  30. ^ a b Batchelor, Tom. "Oprah says 'concerns' about Archie's skin tone didn't come from Queen or Prince Philip". The Independent. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  31. ^ Herman, Cindy O. (3 December 2017). "Prince Harry's fiancée Meghan Markle has ties to Shamokin". The Daily Item. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  32. ^ Driscoll, Kara. "Meghan Markle has an extraordinary connection to Ohio". Dayton Daily News. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

External links

Archie Mountbatten-Windsor
Born: 6 May 2019
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Duke of Sussex
Succession to the British throne
7th in line
Followed by
The Duke of York


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