Hans Schmidt (priest)

Hans Schmidt
Father Hans Schmidt.jpg
Born1881
DiedFebruary 18, 1916 (aged 34)
Cause of deathExecution by electric chair
Resting placeSing Sing Prison Cemetery, Ossining, New York, U.S.
NationalityGerman
Conviction(s)Murder
Criminal chargeMurder

Hans B. Schmidt (1881[1] – February 18, 1916) was a German Roman Catholic priest convicted of murder, and the only priest to be executed in the United States.

Early life

Aschaffenburg, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire, the birthplace of Father Hans Schmidt.

Hans Schmidt was born in the Bavarian town of Aschaffenburg, to a Protestant father and a Catholic mother. Both sides of his family had a long history of mental illness. From his early years, Schmidt combined a deep religious devotion with bisexual promiscuity and a fascination with blood and dismemberment. According to relatives, Hans once beheaded two of his parents' geese and kept the severed heads in his pocket. He also frequented the village slaughterhouse daily, where he would watch the death and dissection of farm animals with rapt fascination.[2][3] During his later seminary studies, Schmidt was arrested by the Bavarian police in 1905 and charged with forging diplomas for failing students. Although the public prosecutor of Mainz was determined to send Schmidt to prison, his father hired a lawyer who arranged for the charges to be dropped for reasons of mental defect.[4]

Ordination

Bishop Georg Heinrich Maria Kirstein, the Roman Catholic bishop who supposedly ordained Schmidt to the priesthood in Mainz, Germany, on December 23, 1904
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary

Although all who knew him had serious doubts about his moral and mental fitness to serve as a Catholic priest, Schmidt claimed that he was ordained by Bishop Kirstein of Mainz on December 23, 1904.[5] In a later conversation with Manhattan alienists, he recalled, "The Bishop ordained me alone. I do not like to speak of it. The real Ordination took place the night before. St. Elizabeth, she ordained me herself. I was praying at my bedside when she appeared to me and said, 'I ordain you to the priesthood.' There was light during her appearance. I told no one. I thought it best to keep it to myself. They would make fun of me. They always made fun of me for these things. They always expect others to do as they do. God speaks to different people in different ways."[6]

During parish assignments in the villages of Burgel and Seelingstadt, Schmidt molested altar boys, had affairs with several women, and consorted with prostitutes. Meanwhile, Schmidt's creative way of saying Mass and eccentric sermons led his parishioners and fellow priests to complain about him to the monsignor and the bishop.[7][8]:54 When it became clear that no further parish assignments would be forthcoming in the Diocese of Mainz, Schmidt emigrated to the United States in 1909.[8]:55 He was first assigned to St. John's Roman Catholic Church in Louisville, Kentucky. There, a rift with the senior pastor resulted in Schmidt's transfer to St. Boniface's Church in New York City.

Anna Aumüller[edit]

Anna Aumüller

In New York City in 1912, Schmidt met Anna Aumüller, the housekeeper for St. Boniface's Rectory, who had emigrated from the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1910. In his conversations with alienists, Schmidt claimed to have heard a voice from God ordering him to "love" Anna. She first refused his advances, but eventually began having a secret sexual relationship with Schmidt.[9]

Beginning in December 1912, Schmidt was also having a secret homosexual relationship with a New York City dentist named Ernest Muret, with whom he operated a counterfeiting ring. Schmidt later claimed to have enjoyed Muret more than Anna.[10]

Despite his subsequent transfer to St. Joseph's Church in a distant area of Manhattan, Schmidt and Anna continued a secret sexual relationship. It was later revealed that they were "married" in a secret ceremony, which Schmidt performed himself. Schmidt also wrote their names on a marriage certificate and told Anna that he was about to leave the priesthood for her.

During a sexual encounter with Anna on the high altar of St. Joseph's Church, Schmidt received what he claimed was a command from God to "sacrifice" her. The command was repeated so insistently that Schmidt told Anna, who called him "crazy".[11] Soon after, Anna informed him that she was pregnant.

On the night of September 2, 1913, Schmidt went to the apartment they had rented while posing as a married couple. He slashed Anna's throat while she slept, drank her blood, raped her as she bled to death, dismembered her body, and threw the pieces from a ferry into the Hudson River.[12] Schmidt then returned to St. Joseph's Church, offered Mass and administered Holy Communion as though nothing had happened.[13][3][14]

Police investigation

After pieces of Anna's torso washed ashore at Cliffside Park and Weehawken, New Jersey,[15] Hudson County police detectives found a price tag still attached to the pillowcase used to wrap part of the body. Using the tag, the pillowcase was traced to a Newark factory, which sold exclusively to Manhattan furniture dealer George Sachs. The investigation was then taken over by the New York City Police Department and assigned to Manhattan Chief of Detectives Joseph Faurot.[16]

After arriving at George Sachs' furniture store at 2782 Eighth Avenue, Inspector Faurot found the dealer unable to recall how many of the pillowcases he had sold. A check through his receipts revealed that a bedspring, a mattress, pillows, and pillowcases had been sold on August 26, 1913. The buyer had given his name as A. Van Dyke and had arranged for his purchases to be delivered to a third story apartment at 68 Bradhurst Avenue.[17]

Schmidt

Questions to the building superintendent revealed that apartment was occupied by a married couple. The husband was described as a man with a heavy German accent who had given his name as H. Schmidt. When a three-day stake out revealed no one arriving, Inspector Faurot ordered detective Frank Cassassa to break into the apartment. A cursory search found that the floor had been recently scrubbed, but large amounts of dried blood were found on the walls. A large bloodstained knife was also found on the kitchen shelf. Men's clothing with the name A. Van Dyke sewn into the lining was found, as were letters in both German and English addressed to a Hans Schmidt.[18]

Many of the letters were from women in Germany. The largest number, however, were from an Anna Aumüller whose most recent address was listed as 428 East Seventieth Street. Inspector Faurot and detectives Cassassa and O'Connell visited the address and learned that Anna had moved out after receiving a job as housekeeper at St. Boniface's Church. Faurot and the detectives then visited St. Boniface's Church and were told by the senior pastor, Fr. John Braun, that Anna had been his housekeeper, but had transferred to St. Joseph's Church. Upon being asked if he knew the name Hans Schmidt, Fr. Braun described him as a priest who had formerly been assigned to St. Boniface's Church but had also moved to St. Joseph's.[19]

Inspector Faurot and detectives Cassassa and O'Connell arrived at St. Joseph's Rectory at 1:30. After Faurot pounded on the door, the senior pastor, Fr. Daniel Quinn, opened the door, led them into the parlor, and woke Schmidt. Upon being confronted by the inspector and the detectives, Schmidt admitted, "I killed her! I killed her because I loved her!" Schmidt then described the murder and dismemberment in detail. As his fellow priests watched in horror, Schmidt was taken into police custody.[20]

Trials, appeals, and execution[edit]

A man being strapped into the electric chair at Sing Sing prison in the early 20th century

A media spectacle ensued, as the New York papers competed against each other with an ever greater degree of sensationalism regarding the case. After feigning insanity during his first trial, which ended with a hung jury, Schmidt was eventually convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to death in the electric chair.

During Schmidt's first trial, Schmidt feigned insanity. On top of his defense team using Schmidt's claims of hearing voices to try to convince the jury of their client's insanity, the defense also claimed that insanity ran in Schmidt's family. They called one witness, a psychologist named Smith Ely Jeliffe, to testify that Schmidt's family tree showed up to sixty near or distant relatives who displayed signs of mental instability, and therefore, Schmidt could not be put to death because he, too, was insane.[21] The prosecution called in other witnesses, including doctors, who had examined Schmidt while he awaited trial and concluded that contrary to his efforts to convince authorities otherwise, and contrary to Schmidt's ramblings about voices telling him to commit murder against Aumüller, Schmidt was sane.[22] However, the prosecution's efforts were in vain; at the conclusion of the trial in December 1913, the jury could not come to a decision after deliberating for several days, so he had a hung jury.[23]

The second trial occurred approximately two weeks later. On February 5, 1914, after three hours of deliberation, a jury found Schmidt guilty of first-degree murder. He was sentenced to death[24] and sent to Sing Sing Prison to await execution.

Schmidt's defense team filed an appeal shortly after his sentence, which postponed his execution for at least a year while it worked its way through the courts.[25] In December 1914, Schmidt admitted that he feigned insanity during his trials. In admitting so, however, he also pinned the murder on the dentist with whom he had a homosexual affair, Ernest Muret. Schmidt claimed that he allowed authorities to pursue him for the murder rather than Muret because he wanted to cover for his friend.[26]

Schmidt's appeals were ultimately unsuccessful. On February 18, 1916, he was executed in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison. He remains the only Roman Catholic priest to be executed for murder in the United States.

Other possible crimes

Apart from killing his young, pregnant "wife", further investigation revealed that Schmidt had a second apartment where he had set up a counterfeiting workshop.[3][27]

Authorities also suspected Schmidt of the murder of Alma Kellner (aged 9) whose body was found buried in the basement of St. John's church in Louisville, Kentucky, where Schmidt had previously worked. The body had been burned, but authorities suspected the killer had initially tried to dismember her. The janitor, Joseph Wendling, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the murder based on circumstantial evidence and bloody clothing found at his house.[28]

References

  1. ^ Gado, Mark. 2006. Killer Priest: The Crimes, Trials, and Execution of Father Hans Schmidt. Westport, CT: Greenwood, p. 5.
  2. ^ Gado (2006), pages 4–11.
  3. ^ a b c "Schmidt Purposed to Kill For Money – Approached a Physician with His Plan to Get Insurance, Faurot Discovers – State to Use Alienists – Agrees to Examination at Counsel's Request – Boyhood Friend Finds Him Greatly Changed". New York Times. September 23, 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-01-10. Hans Schmidt, the suspended Catholic priest who murdered Anna Aumuller and attempted to make counterfeit money, intended to commit a series of murders for the purpose of defrauding life insurance companies, according to Inspector Faurot.
  4. ^ Mark Gado (2006), pages 13–15.
  5. ^ "River Murder Traced to Priest Who Confesses – Is Rev. Hans Schmidt, Assistant at St. Joseph's, Harlem, Victim a Servant Girl – He Lived a Double Life – Went Through Marriage Form With Anna Aumueller, Killed and Dismembered Her – Traced by Pillow Case – To Apartment They Shared, Where He Slew Her in Her Sleep in the Night – Full Proof of the Crime – Confronted in His Parish House Slayer Breaks Down and Tells All – Suicide Plan Frustrated" (PDF). New York Times. September 15, 1913. p. 1. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  6. ^ Gado (2006), p. 15.
  7. ^ Gado (2006), pp. 15–17.
  8. ^ a b Polenberg, Richard. The World of Benjamin Cardozo: Personal Values and the Judicial Process, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  9. ^ Gado (2006), pages 144–146.
  10. ^ Gado (2006), pages 143–144.
  11. ^ Gado (2006), pp. 144–145.
  12. ^ Michael H. Stone, M.D. & Gary Brucato, Ph.D., The New Evil: Understanding the Emergence of Modern Violent Crime (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books), pp. 458-459. ISBN 978-1-63388-532-5.
  13. ^ Gado (2006), pp. 131–149, 161–168.
  14. ^ "The Pittsburgh Press – Google News Archive Search". google.com.
  15. ^ Gado (2006), pp. 49–60.
  16. ^ Gado (2006), page 61-63.
  17. ^ Gado (2006), p. 63.
  18. ^ Gado (2006), pages 63–67.
  19. ^ Gado (2006), pages 67–69.
  20. ^ Gado (2006), pages 71–78.
  21. ^ "The Hans Schmidt Case". Chicago, Illinois. The Day Book. 24 December 1913. p. 31.
  22. ^ "Calls Hans Schmidt Sane". Chicago, Illinois. The Day Book. 26 December 1913. p. 3.
  23. ^ "Hans Schmidt Dies in Electric Chair". The Prescott Daily News. 19 February 1916.
  24. ^ "Hans Schmidt, Slayer of Anna Aumueller, Faces Death Chair". New York, New York. The Evening World. 5 February 1914. p. 1.
  25. ^ "Everywhere's News in Tabloid Form". Chicago, Illinois. The Day Book. 18 March 1914. p. 31.
  26. ^ "Schmidt Tells Tale of Shielding Muret; Confessed Murder of Anna Aumuller, He Says, to Save Dentist". New York, New York. The Sun. 13 December 1914. p. 16.
  27. ^ "Arrest Dentist As Schmidt's Aid in Coining Plant – Detectives Find Complete Outfit in Rooms Rented by Slayer of River Victim – Two Often Seen Together – Dr. Muret Traced by Receipts Found in Priest's Rooms – Woman Servant Also Held – Dentist Makes Confession – Admits He Was Engaged in Coining and Asserts That Schmidt Bought Equipment – Had No Priestly Right – It Is Shown That Schmidt Was Suspended and Had Presented Forged Credentials Here – Part of Body Burned – Charred Bone of Anna Aumuller and Bits of Pillow Case Found in Vacant Lot". New York Times. September 16, 1913. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-01-10. Dr. Ernest Arthur Muret, a dentist of 301 St. Nicholas Avenue, was arrested at midnight last night by Inspector Faurot and several detectives on the charge of running a counterfeiting plant with Hans Schmidt, the curate of St. Joseph's Church on West 125th Street, who was arrested early Sunday morning for murdering Anna Aumuller, parts of whose dismembered body were found in the Hudson River.
  28. ^ "Kellner Slayer Guilty – Joseph Wendling, Charged with the Girl's Mmurder, Gets Life Sentence". The New York Times. December 4, 1910. p. 14. Retrieved August 6, 2014.

Further reading

  • Mark Gado (2006-03-30). Killer Priest: The Crimes, Trial, and Execution of Father Hans Schmidt (Crime, Media, and Popular Culture). Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-98553-9.
  • Insanity Plea

External links

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