Gretchen Whitmer

Gretchen Whitmer
Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (cropped).jpg
49th Governor of Michigan
Assumed office
January 1, 2019
LieutenantGarlin Gilchrist
Preceded byRick Snyder
Ingham County Prosecutor
In office
July 21, 2016 – December 31, 2016
Preceded byStuart Dunnings III
Succeeded byCarol Siemon
Minority Leader of the Michigan Senate
In office
January 1, 2011 – January 1, 2015
DeputySteve Bieda
Preceded byMike Prusi
Succeeded byJim Ananich
Member of the Michigan Senate
from the 23rd district
In office
March 21, 2006 – January 1, 2015
Preceded byVirgil Bernero
Succeeded byCurtis Hertel Jr.
Member of the
Michigan House of Representatives
In office
January 1, 2001 – March 21, 2006
Preceded byLaura Baird
Succeeded byMark Meadows
Constituency70th district (2001–2003)
69th district (2003–2006)
Personal details
Born
Gretchen Esther Whitmer

(1971-08-23) August 23, 1971 (age 49)
Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Gary Shrewsbury
(divorced)
Marc P. Mallory
(m. 2011)
Children2
ResidenceGovernor's Mansion
EducationMichigan State University (BA, JD)
Signature
WebsiteGovernment website

Gretchen Esther Whitmer (born August 23, 1971) is an American politician serving as the 49th governor of Michigan since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she served in the Michigan House of Representatives from 2001 to 2006 and in the Michigan Senate from 2006 to 2015.

Whitmer was born and raised in Michigan. She is a graduate of Forest Hills Central High School near Grand Rapids, Michigan State University, and the Michigan State University College of Law. She ran unsuccessfully for the state house in the 1990s before being elected in 2000. In 2006, she became a state senator, a position she kept until term limits forced her to step down in 2015. She was the Senate's first female Democratic leader from 2011 to 2015. In 2013, Whitmer gained national attention for a floor speech during a debate on abortion in which she shared her experience of being sexually assaulted. For six months in 2016, she was the county prosecutor for Ingham County.

Whitmer was elected governor in the 2018 gubernatorial election, defeating Republican Attorney General Bill Schuette. As governor, Whitmer has focused on healthcare and infrastructure. In February 2020, she was selected to give the Democratic response to President Donald Trump's 2020 State of the Union Address. On October 8, 2020,[1] the Federal Bureau of Investigation thwarted a militia group's kidnapping plot against her.[2]

Early life and education

Gretchen Whitmer was born in 1971 in Lansing, Michigan and is the eldest of three children of Sharon H. "Sherry" Reisig and Richard Whitmer, who were both attorneys.[3][4] Her father was head of the state department of commerce under Governor William Milliken and was the president and CEO of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan between 1988 and 2006.[5] Whitmer's mother worked as an assistant attorney general under Michigan Attorney General Frank Kelley.[6] Her parents divorced when she was ten years old; she and her siblings moved with their mother to Grand Rapids. Her father traveled from his home in Detroit to visit the family at least once a week.[7]

After graduation from Forest Hills Central High School, just outside Grand Rapids,[8] Whitmer earned a BA degree in communications from Michigan State University in 1993 and a Juris Doctor from Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University in 1998.[9]

State legislature

House of Representatives

Whitmer originally ran for the Michigan House of Representatives in the 1990s but was unsuccessful.[10] In 2000, she tried again and was elected to represent the 23rd legislative district. She was reelected in 2002 and 2004.[11]

State Senate

In March 2006, Whitmer won a special election to the Michigan State Senate, replacing Virg Bernero, who had been elected mayor of Lansing in November 2005.[12] She was elected to a full term in November, and reelected in 2010. In 2011, Whitmer's Democratic colleagues unanimously chose her to be the Senate Democratic Leader, making her the first woman to lead a party caucus in the Senate.[6] Due to term limits, Whitmer was unable to run for reelection in 2014 and left office in 2015.[13] In 2013, she received national recognition when she discussed her experience of being sexually assaulted.[14] She told the story during a debate about abortion rights, particularly for victims of rape, arguing victims should be allowed to terminate pregnancies that result from rape.[15]

Ingham County prosecutor

On May 11, 2016, it was announced that the judges of Michigan's 30th Judicial Circuit Court had unanimously selected Whitmer to serve the remaining six months of outgoing Ingham County Prosecutor Stuart Dunnings III's term[16] after he was arrested on March 14, 2016, and charged with 11 counts of involvement with a prostitute and four counts of willful neglect of duty.[17] In a letter dated March 29, 2016, Dunnings announced he would resign effective July 2.[18]

On June 21, 2016, Whitmer was administered the oath of office as prosecutor by Ingham County Circuit Court Chief Judge Janelle Lawless. She said her top priorities during her six months of service would be to determine if any other officials in the prosecutor's office knew about Dunnings's alleged crimes and to change how the office handled domestic violence and sexual assault cases.[19]

On July 22, 2016, Whitmer issued an 11-page report on whether Dunnings's alleged criminal activity had affected cases handled by the office. The report concluded that employees "were never asked to compromise a case or look the other way" and that she had "full confidence that any problem that had existed in this office left with Mr. Dunnings."[20][21] Whitmer's term expired on December 31, 2016.

Governorship

2018 election

On January 3, 2017, Whitmer announced she would run in the 2018 Michigan gubernatorial race.[22]

On August 7, 2018, Whitmer became the Democratic nominee for governor of Michigan.[23] She won all 83 counties in the state in the Democratic primary.[24]

In July 2018, Republican officials accused Whitmer of supporting the movement to abolish ICE, a claim Whitmer disputed. She said that if elected she would focus on improving Michigan's "fundamentals", such as schools, roads, and water systems.[25]

Whitmer's main opponent was Republican Bill Schuette, the term-limited Attorney General of Michigan. The two candidates met for a debate on October 12, 2018, in Grand Rapids at WOOD-TV. A second debate was held at WDIV studios in Detroit on October 24.[26]

Whitmer defeated Schuette in the November 6 election by nearly a 10-point margin.[27]

Tenure

Whitmer speaking at a National Guard ceremony in January 2019

Whitmer describes herself as a progressive Democrat[28] who can work with state legislators from different political perspectives.[28]

As both a gubernatorial candidate and as governor, one of Whitmer's key pledges was to "fix the damn roads", a reference to Michigan's struggling infrastructure. Her initial post-election plan to fund road repairs with a 45-cent-per-gallon gas tax increase was, however, deeply unpopular, with one poll finding it opposed by 75% of Michigan voters, including majorities of both Democrats and independents.[29] Democratic legislators in Michigan's Republican-controlled legislature largely declined to support the plan, which would have nearly tripled Michigan's gas tax and potentially made it the highest in the nation.[30][31]

Whitmer at a naturalization ceremony on November 2019 at Detroit

Whitmer's first budget earmarked several billions of dollars for investment in infrastructure.[32][33][34] In 2019, she struggled with the Republican-controlled legislature to pass a budget and made several concessions.[32]

The gubernatorial election and national conversation during Whitmer's time in office focused largely on healthcare. During the election, she was the only Democratic candidate not to support a single-payer healthcare system.[35] As governor, she has focused on women's healthcare and Medicaid expansion.[32]

In February 2020, Whitmer was selected to deliver the Democratic response to Donald Trump's 2020 State of the Union Address. Michigan is considered a swing state in the 2020 presidential election, and it was speculated that Democrats hoped selecting Whitmer would bolster their chance of winning the state.[32][36][37]

In May 2020, the Edenville Dam gave way after awaiting an overdue report on its safety standards. Whitmer directed the EGLE to form an investigation that "state Republicans, flooding victim advocates and dam safety experts" criticized, concerned that the state's environmental agency would essentially be investigating itself.[38] Guidelines from the Association of State Dam Safety Officials advocate independent investigators. An inquiry launched by the U.S. House of Representatives later gave the EGLE and FERC a two-week deadline for answers.[39]

COVID-19 pandemic

Whitmer issued a stay-at-home order in response to the coronavirus pandemic in March 2020.[40] This order was met with broad public approval; a March poll found that 69% of Michigan residents supported Whitmer's actions, including 61% of self-identified Republicans.[41]

After Whitmer extended the order and tightened restrictions in April,[42][43] an eight-hour protest against the restrictions organized by the Michigan Conservative Coalition and co-hosted by the Michigan Freedom Fund[44][45] attracted between 3,000 and 4,000 protesters to the Michigan State Capitol.[46][47][48] New York Times columnist Charlie Warzel described the demonstration as "twisted, paranoid and racialized", pushed by conspiracy theorists such as Alex Jones.[49] Jeanine Pirro of Fox News praised the protesters, saying, "God bless them, it’s going to happen all over the country".[50] At the time of the protest, more than 1,900 people in Michigan had died after contracting the virus.[42] On April 29 a Michigan judge upheld the order against legal challenge, ruling that "Our fellow residents have an interest to remain unharmed by a highly communicable and deadly virus. And since the state entered the Union in 1837, it has had the broad power to act for the public health of the entire state when faced with a public crisis.”[51]

Polling by the Detroit Regional Chamber in mid-April found that 57% of Michigan residents approved of Whitmer's handling of the coronavirus pandemic, including the extension.[52][53][54][55] The family of the first child to die of coronavirus in Michigan expressed support for Whitmer's decision to extend the stay-at-home order on the grounds that social distancing would save lives. LaVondria Herbert, the child's mother, said, "I want to say thank you to the governor for making people go home."[56]

On October 2, 2020, the Michigan Supreme Court ruled 4–3 that "a state law allowing the governor to declare emergencies and keep them in place without legislative input—the 1945 Emergency Powers of the Governor Act—is unconstitutional" and unanimously ruled that the 1976 Emergency Management Act "did not give Whitmer the power, after April 30, to issue or renew any executive orders related to the COVID-19 pandemic after 28 days without Legislative approval".[57]

Also on October 2, a petition containing 539,384 signatures was submitted seeking to repeal the 1945 EPGA law allowing Whitmer emergency powers during the pandemic.[58]

Kidnapping plot

On October 8, 2020, a federal indictment against six men associated with the Wolverine Watchmen, a Michigan-based militia group, was unsealed. The indictment charges the men with plotting to kidnap Whitmer and violently overthrow Michigan's government.[59] The FBI became aware of the scheme in early 2020 after communications among the far-right group were discovered, and via an undercover agent who met with more than a dozen individuals at a meeting in Dublin, Ohio.[60] Another seven men were charged with state crimes in relation to the plot.[61] Facebook is cooperating with the investigation, since the federal criminal complaint detailed how the group used a private Facebook group to discuss the alleged plot.[62]

In the wake of the unsealed indictment, Whitmer spoke out during a livestream, thanking the law enforcement agencies involved in the investigation. She also called the plotters "sick and depraved men" and cast blame on President Donald Trump for refusing to explicitly condemn far-right groups and for his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.[63][64][65]

Political positions

Education

Whitmer would like to phase in full-day Universal Pre-K for 4-year-olds in Michigan. She would eliminate Michigan's current 3rd grade "read-or-flunk" policy, which she has said penalizes students who have been failed by the education system, and would instead work to improve their reading skills. She proposes that all high school students be offered two years of debt-free higher education, either college or post-secondary training for skilled trades.[66]

Health care

Whitmer has said she would fight Republican efforts to take away protections for patients with preexisting conditions. In the State Senate, she successfully worked to expand Medicaid coverage in the state. She has spoken against single-payer healthcare as unrealistic and said she would work to lower the cost of prescription drugs and would get rid of Shuette's drug immunity law, which she believes protects drug companies from legal trouble if their drugs harm or kill people.[67]

Taxation

In March 2019 Whitmer proposed increasing the gasoline tax by 45 cents per gallon to fund road repairs. If it is enacted Michigan will have the highest fuel tax in the United States.[68]

See also

Personal life

Whitmer has two children with her first husband, Gary Shrewsbury. The couple divorced, and in 2011 she married dentist Marc P. Mallory, who has three children from his previous marriage.[69][70] Whitmer and Mallory live in East Lansing, Michigan, with her two daughters and his three sons.[71][72]

References

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  2. ^ Snell, Robert; Burke, Melissa Nann. "Feds say they thwarted militia plot to kidnap Whitmer". The Detroit News. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  3. ^ "Monday Profile: Gretchen Whitmer". LegalNews.com. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  4. ^ "SHARON WHITMER Obituary - Detroit, Michigan | Legacy.com". Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  5. ^ "Blue Cross takes punches in governor's race". Crain's Detroit Business. July 8, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Stateline Profile Gretchen Whitmer" (PDF). csgmidwest.org/. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  7. ^ "Gretchen Whitmer's perplexing problem in race for Michigan governor". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
  8. ^ Mathews, Reena (January 17, 2017). "FHC alumna Senator Gretchen Whitmer is running for Governor". The Central Trend. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  9. ^ Spelbring, Meredith. "Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer to give SOTU response: What to know about her". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  10. ^ Jilani, Zaid (July 18, 2018). "A Blue Cross CEO Encouraged a Michigan Woman to Get Into Politics. Now She's Running for Governor and Says Single Payer Is Unrealistic". The Intercept. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
  11. ^ Michigan Legislative Service Bureau (2006). Michigan Manual 2005–2006. Lansing: Legislative Council, State of Michigan. p. 129. ISBN 1-878210-06-8. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
  12. ^ BTL Staff. "Ingham County to hold special election to fill state Senate seat". PrideSource.com. Pride Source Media Group, LLC. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  13. ^ Michigan Senate Democrats (2007). "Michigan Senate Democrats: About Gretchen Whitmer". Archived from the original on February 5, 2007. Retrieved June 29, 2007.
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  15. ^ Abbey-Lambertz, Kate (December 12, 2013). "Lawmaker Bravely Reveals She Was Victim Of Rape In Emotional 'Abortion Insurance' Debate". The Huffington Post. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
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  18. ^ Benjamin Raven (March 29, 2016). "Stuart Dunnings informs Ingham County he is resigning as prosecutor". Jackson Citizen Patriot. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
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  52. ^ Majority of Michigan residents support Governor Whitmer's coronavirus response, despite anti-lockdown protests, poll shows. Newsweek, April 20, 2020
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External links

Michigan House of Representatives
Preceded by
Laura Baird
Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
from the 70th district

2001–2003
Succeeded by
Judy Emmons
Preceded by
Michael C. Murphy
Member of the Michigan House of Representatives
from the 69th district

2003–2006
Succeeded by
Mark Meadows
Michigan Senate
Preceded by
Virgil Bernero
Member of the Michigan Senate
from the 23rd district

2006–2015
Succeeded by
Curtis Hertel Jr.
Preceded by
Mike Prusi
Minority Leader of the Michigan Senate
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Jim Ananich
Party political offices
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Mark Schauer
Democratic nominee for Governor of Michigan
2018
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Response to the State of the Union address
2020
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2019–present
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