Anne, Princess Royal

Anne
Princess Royal (more)
Princess Anne October 2015.jpg
The Princess Royal, October 2015
BornPrincess Anne of Edinburgh
(1950-08-15) 15 August 1950 (age 70)
Clarence House, London
Spouse
Issue
Full name
Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise Mountbatten-Windsor[a]
HouseWindsor
FatherPrince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
MotherElizabeth II

Anne, Princess Royal, KG, KT, GCVO, GCStJ, QSO, CD[2][3][4] (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950) is the second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She is 14th in line to the throne as of August 2019[b] and has been Princess Royal since 1987.[5]

Anne is known for her high-profile charity work, which involves her patronage of more than 300 organisations – many of which aim to improve transport and health in developing countries, and the well-being and education of children. In her youth, Anne was known for her equestrianism: she won two silver medals (1975) and one gold medal (1971) at the European Eventing Championships.[6] She is the first member of the British royal family to have competed in the Olympic Games.

In 1973, Anne married Captain Mark Phillips, but they separated in 1989 and divorced in 1992. The couple have two children, Zara and Peter Phillips, and four grandchildren. Within months of her divorce, Anne married Commander (now Vice Admiral) Sir Timothy Laurence, whom she had met while he served as her mother's equerry between 1986 and 1989.

Early life and education

Princess Anne with her parents and elder brother in October 1957

Anne was born during the reign of her maternal grandfather, King George VI, at Clarence House on 15 August 1950 at 11:50 am,[7] the second child and only daughter of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. A 21-gun salute in Hyde Park signalled the birth.[8] Anne was baptised in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace on 21 October 1950, by Archbishop of York, Cyril Garbett.[c]

At the time of her birth, she was third in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her mother – at that time Princess Elizabeth – and older brother, Charles. She rose to second after her mother's accession but is 14th in line as of August 2019.[d]

A governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed to look after Anne and was responsible for her early education at Buckingham Palace;[10] Peebles also served as early governess for Anne's older brother, Charles. After the death of George VI in February 1952, Anne's mother ascended the throne as Queen Elizabeth II. Given her young age at the time, Anne did not attend the coronation in June 1953.

Anne and Charles at the White House with Tricia Nixon and Julie and David Eisenhower in 1970

A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company to include the Holy Trinity Brompton Brownie pack, was re-formed in May 1959, specifically so that, as her mother and aunt had done as children, Anne could socialise with girls her own age. The company was active until 1963, when Anne went to boarding school.[11] Anne enrolled at Benenden School in 1963. In 1968, she left school with six GCE O-Levels and two A-Levels.[10] She began to undertake royal engagements in 1969, at the age of 18.[12]

In 1970, she briefly had a relationship with Andrew Parker Bowles, who later married Camilla Shand. Shand much later married Anne's brother, Prince Charles as his second wife.[13]

First marriage

Princess Anne at Massawa, Ethiopia, in February 1973

Anne first met her future husband Mark Phillips in 1968 at a party for equestrians and horse enthusiasts.[14] Their engagement was announced on 29 May 1973.[15][16] On 14 November 1973, Anne married Phillips, a lieutenant in the 1st Queen's Dragoon Guards, at Westminster Abbey in a ceremony that was televised around the world, with an estimated audience of 100 million.[17] Following the wedding, Anne and her husband lived at Gatcombe Park. He was made acting captain by the start of 1974 when he was appointed a personal aide-de-camp to Queen Elizabeth II.

As was customary for untitled men marrying into the royal family, Phillips was offered an earldom. He declined this offer, and consequently their children were born without courtesy titles.[18] The couple would go on to have two children, Peter (born 1977) and Zara Phillips (born 1981).[19]

On 31 August 1989, Anne and Phillips announced their intention to separate, as the marriage had been under strain for a number of years.[14][20] The couple had been rarely seen in public together, and both were romantically linked with other people.[14][21] They continued to share the custody of their children, and initially announced that "there were no plans for divorce."[22][23] They eventually divorced on 23 April 1992.[24] Anne and Phillips have four grandchildren.

Kidnapping attempt

Princess Anne in a visit to Washington, Tyne and Wear, 1974

As Princess Anne and Mark Phillips were returning to Buckingham Palace on 20 March 1974, from a charity event on Pall Mall, their Princess IV car was forced to stop on the Mall by a Ford Escort.[25] The driver of the Escort, Ian Ball, jumped out and began firing a pistol. Inspector James Beaton, Anne's personal police officer, responded by exiting the car in order to shield her and to attempt to disarm Ball. However, Beaton's firearm, a Walther PPK, jammed, and he was shot by the assailant, as was Anne's chauffeur, Alex Callender, when he tried to disarm Ball.[26] Brian McConnell, a nearby tabloid journalist, also intervened, and was shot in the chest.[27] Ball approached Anne's car and told her that he intended to kidnap her and hold her for ransom, the sum given by varying sources as £2 million[28] or £3 million, which he claimed he intended to give to the National Health Service.[25] Ball told Anne to get out of the car, to which she replied: "Not bloody likely!", and reportedly briefly considered hitting Ball.[29]

Eventually, she exited the other side of the limousine as had her lady-in-waiting, Rowena Brassey. A passing pedestrian, a former boxer named Ron Russell, punched Ball in the back of the head and led Anne away from the scene. At that point, Police Constable Michael Hills happened upon the situation; he too was shot by Ball, but he had already called for police backup. Detective Constable Peter Edmonds, who had been nearby, answered, gave chase, and finally arrested Ball.[26]

Beaton, Hills, Callender, and McConnell were hospitalised, and all recovered from their wounds. For his defence of Princess Anne, Beaton was awarded the George Cross by the Queen, who was visiting Indonesia when the incident occurred;[30] Hills and Russell were awarded the George Medal, and Callender, McConnell, and Edmonds were awarded the Queen's Gallantry Medal. Russell also had his mortgage paid off by the Queen.[31][25][32]

Anne visited Beaton in hospital and thanked him for his assistance. In 1984, the princess spoke about the event on Parkinson saying she was 'scrupulously polite' to her would-be kidnapper as she thought it would be 'silly to be too rude at that stage'.[30]

Ball pleaded guilty to attempted murder and kidnapping. As of 2019, he was still detained under the Mental Health Act, at Broadmoor Hospital.[33]

Equestrianism

Princess Anne riding in Centennial Park, Sydney
Medal record
Representing  United Kingdom
Equestrian
European Championships
Gold medal – first place 1971 Burghley Individual eventing
Silver medal – second place 1975 Luhmuhlen Team eventing
Silver medal – second place 1975 Luhmuhlen Individual eventing

At the age of 21, Anne won the individual title at the European Eventing Championship,[34] and was voted the BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1971.[35] For more than five years, she also competed with the British eventing team, winning a silver medal in both individual and team disciplines in the 1975 European Eventing Championship, riding the home-bred Doublet.[36] The following year, Anne participated in the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal as a member of the British team, riding the Queen's horse, Goodwill, in Eventing.[37]

Anne assumed the Presidency of the Fédération Équestre Internationale from 1986 until 1994.[38] On 5 February 1987, she became the first member of the royal family to appear as a contestant on a television quiz-show when she competed on the BBC panel game A Question of Sport.[36]

Second marriage

The Princess Royal with her husband, Vice Admiral Sir Timothy Laurence

Anne met Timothy Laurence while he was serving on the Royal Yacht Britannia. Their relationship developed in early 1989, three years after he was appointed as an equerry to the Queen.[39] In 1989, the existence of private letters from Laurence to the Princess was revealed by The Sun newspaper.[21]

Anne married Laurence, then a Commander in the Royal Navy, at Crathie Kirk, where the royal family worship when staying at Balmoral Castle, on 12 December 1992.[40] Approximately 30 guests were invited for the private marriage service.[41] The Church of England did not at that time allow divorced persons whose former spouses were still living to remarry in its churches.[42][43]

By contrast, the Church of Scotland considers marriage to be an ordinance of religion rather than a sacrament and permits the remarriage of divorced persons under certain circumstances.[44] Anne became the first royal divorcée to remarry since Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, married Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich of Russia in 1905. For the wedding ceremony, Anne wore a white jacket over a "demure, cropped-to-the-knee dress" and a spray of white flowers in her hair.[45] Her engagement ring was made of "a cabochon sapphire flanked by three small diamonds on each side".[46] Following the marriage service, the couple and guests headed to Craigowan Lodge for a private reception.[40]

Laurence received no peerage, and the couple leased a flat in Dolphin Square, London. They later gave up this city home and now reside between an apartment at St James's Palace and Gatcombe Park.[47] Anne has no children with Laurence.

Activities

The Princess Royal visits USNS Comfort on 11 July 2002, while the vessel docked at Southampton, UK

Anne undertakes a number of duties and engagements on behalf of her mother, in support of her role as sovereign of the Commonwealth realms. Kevin S. MacLeod, the Canadian Secretary to the Queen, said of Anne in 2014: "Her credo is, 'Keep me busy. I'm here to work. I'm here to do good things. I'm here to meet as many people as possible'."[48] It was revealed in December 2017 that the Princess Royal had undertaken the most official engagements that year out of all the royal family, her mother included.[49][50]

Her first public engagement was at the opening of an educational and training centre in Shropshire in 1969. Anne travels abroad on behalf of the United Kingdom up to three times a year. She began to undertake overseas visits upon leaving secondary school,[10] and accompanied her parents on a state visit to Austria in the same year.[51] Her first tour of Australia was with her parents in 1970, since which she has returned on numerous occasions to undertake official engagements as a colonel-in-chief of an Australian regiment, or to attend memorials and services, such as the National Memorial Service for victims of the Black Saturday bushfires in Melbourne, Australia, on 22 February 2009.[52] In 1990 she was the first member of the royal family to make an official visit to the Soviet Union when she went there as a guest of President Mikhail Gorbachev and his government.[51][53]

Following the retirement of the Queen Mother in 1981, Anne was elected by graduates of the University of London as that institution's Chancellor.[54] Throughout May 1996, Anne served as Her Majesty's High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and held the post again in 2017.[55] In 2007, she had the honour of being appointed by the Queen as Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order, a position her grandmother had also held.[56]

Princess Anne at the St John Ambulance Youth Reception, 2009

Anne is involved with over 200 charities and organisations in an official capacity. She works extensively for Save the Children, serving as president from 1970 to 2017, and has been patron for over 50 years.[57] Anne has visited the organisation's projects in Bangladesh, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[57] As a result of her work, she was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990 by Kenneth Kaunda, President of Zambia.[57] She initiated The Princess Royal Trust for Carers in 1991.[58] Anne is the patron of Transaid, a charity founded by Save the Children and the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport which aims to provide safe and sustainable transport in developing countries.[59] She is also the Royal Patron of WISE, an organisation that encourages young women to pursue careers in science, engineering and construction.[60] Her extensive work for St. John Ambulance as Commandant-in-Chief of St. John Ambulance Cadets has helped to develop many young people, as she annually attends the Grand Prior Award Reception.[61][62] She is Patron of St. Andrew's First Aid.[63][64] She is a British representative in the International Olympic Committee as an administrator,[65] and was a member of the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games.[66] She was President of BAFTA from 1973 to 2001.[67] She maintains a relationship with student sport and is the Patron of British Universities and Colleges Sport.[68] She has been Patron of the Royal National Children's Foundation since 2002[69][70] and the industrial heritage museum, Aerospace Bristol, since 2016.[71] In 1986 she was appointed Master of the Worshipful Company of Carmen.[72]

She is also a Royal Fellow of the Royal Society[73] and the Academy of Medical Sciences.[74] Royal Fellows are members of the Monarchy who are recommended and elected by the Society's Council. The Royal Society has only five Royal Fellows, including the Princess Royal herself, the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Kent, and the Duke of Cambridge.[75] She is the Academy of Medical Sciences' first Royal Fellow.[74]

The Princess Royal speaking at the 100th Maritime Safety Committee session in 2018

She was elected Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh effective 31 March 2011, succeeding her father, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who stepped down from the role in 2010.[76]

Likewise, she accepted in 2011 the roles of President of City and Guilds of London Institute,[77] Master of the Corporation of Trinity House[78][79] and President of the Royal Society of Arts, also in succession to her father. She is also Patron of the Royal College of Occupational Therapists,[80] Edinburgh University's Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies,[81] Royal Holloway, University of London,[82][83] International Students House, London,[84][85] Acid Survivors Trust International,[86] Townswomen's Guilds[87] and Citizens Advice.[88]

She represented Great Britain in the International Olympic Committee at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics in Russia.[89] In August 2016, she returned to the country to visit the Russian city of Arkhangelsk for the 75th anniversary of Operation Dervish, which was one of the first Arctic convoys of World War II.[90] In September 2016, the Princess suffered from chest infection and was required to cancel official engagements.[91] In late October 2016, she visited the Malaysian state of Sarawak for a two-day study tour.[92] In 2017, she became Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers and a Governor of Gresham's School.[93]

Public image and style

The Princess Royal is one of the few women in the royal family to wear a military uniform

The Princess Royal has been referred to as the royal family's "trustiest anchor" and "beacon of good, old-fashioned public service", having carried out over 20,000 engagements since her eighteenth birthday.[94] In her early adulthood, she was cited as a "royal renegade" with her choices to forego titles for her children despite her status as "spare to the heir" at the time.[95] A young Anne was often described as "aloof" and "haughty" by the media, earning the nickname "her royal rudeness" from members of the press.[94] The Princess spurred controversy for famously telling photographers to "naff off" at the Badminton Horse Trials in 1982.[96] Vanity Fair states that Anne "has a reputation for having inherited her father’s famously sharp tongue and waspish wit".[96] Of early public role, she has stated: "It’s not just about, Can I get a tick in the box for doing this? No, it’s about serving….It took me probably 10 years before I really felt confident enough to contribute to Save the Children’s public debates, because you needed to understand how it works on the ground and that needed a very wide coverage. So my early trips were really important.[96]

The Princess remains one of Britain's most popular royals.[97][98][99] Telegraph Editor Camilla Tominey describes her as a "national treasure", and states that she is "hailed as one of the great English eccentrics", whose work ethic contributes to her regard.[95] Tominey states that Anne's public role is a "contradiction of both protocol taskmaster and occasional rule-breaker".[94] Reportedly, Anne "insists on doing her own make-up and hair" and drives herself to engagements, having pleaded guilty for two separate speeding fines on account of being late.[94] Princess Anne does not shake hands with the public during walkabouts, stating that "the theory was that you couldn't shake hands with everybody, so don't start."[94] Members of the public have reported observing her "mending fences at Gatcombe" and "queuing up for the Portaloos" at her daughter's horse competitions.[94] Her reputation is also coupled with her advocacy for causes out of the mainstream, such as Wetwheels Foundation's commitment to accessible sailing and her association with the National Lighthouse Museum.[94] On her 60th and 70th birthdays, she was asked by the BBC and Vanity Fair respectively if she would retire, with her denying speculation both times, citing her parents' example as well as her commitment to her royal duties.[96] Anne's public personality has been described as "not suffering fools lightly", while maintaining a "still-impressive level of grace and courtesy".[100][101]

British Vogue editor Edward Enninful has stated that "Princess Anne is a true style icon and was all about sustainable fashion before the rest of us really knew what that meant".[96] Her style has been noted for its timelessness; she almost solely relies on British fashion brands, with tweed and tailored suits as her hallmarks.[96] She is known for recycling outfits, such as her floral-print dress worn both to the wedding of the Prince of Wales in 1981 and the wedding of Lady Rose Windsor in 2008.[102] Anne is the patron of U.K. Fashion and Textile Association.[103] She has been noted for wearing "bold patterns and vibrant pops of color".[104] Her style choices often reflect her equestrian interests as well as the practicality of her fast-paced schedule.[105][96] In the 1970s and 1980s, she was often photographed wearing trends such as puff sleeves, cardigans, bright floral patterns, and multicolored stripes.[104][106] Princess Anne is also one of the few women in the royal family to wear a military uniform.[104] The Guardian states that she is "rarely seen without a brooch" during royal events.[106] Her millinery styles have included jockey caps and hats of multiple colors and bold patterns.[106] She presented the Queen Elizabeth II award for British design at London Fashion Week in 2020.[106]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Monogram of Princess Anne

Titles and styles

  • 15 August 1950 – 6 February 1952: Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh[107]
  • 6 February 1952 – 14 November 1973: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne
  • 14 November 1973 – 13 June 1987: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips[108]
  • 13 June 1987 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal

Anne is the seventh Princess Royal,[5] an appellation given only to the eldest daughter of the sovereign. The previous holder was King George V's daughter, Mary, Countess of Harewood.

Honours

The Princess Royal processing at the Garter Service, Windsor, with her brothers, Charles, Andrew and Edward on 19 June 2006

Commonwealth

Foreign

Appointments

Fellowships
Civic
Academic
Honorary academic degrees

Military appointments

As with other senior royals, Princess Anne holds a number of appointments in the armed forces of Commonwealth realms:

Australia Australia
The Princess Royal at a parade on the 75th anniversary of the Royal Australian Corps of Signals, 5 July 2000
Canada Canada
New Zealand New Zealand
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Military ranks

Arms

Coat of arms of the Princess Royal
Coat of Arms of Anne, the Princess Royal.svg
Notes
The Princess Royal's personal arms are those of the Sovereign in right of the United Kingdom with a label for difference.
Adopted
1962
Coronet
The coronet of a daughter of the Sovereign Proper.
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st and 4th, Gules three lions passant guardant Or; 2nd, Or a lion rampant Gules within a double tressure flory counterflory Gules; 3rd, Azure a harp Or stringed Argent.
Supporters
Dexter a lion rampant guardant Or imperially crowned proper, sinister a unicorn Argent, armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or.
Orders
The Order of the Garter circlet:
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
(Shame be to him who thinks evil)
Other elements
The whole differenced by a label of three points Argent, first and third charged with a St George's cross the second with a heart Gules.
Banner
Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal.svg The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom labelled for difference as in her arms. (In Scotland: Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal (in Scotland).svg)
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.

Personal flag for Canada

Flag of the Princess Royal for use in Canada

Since 2013, the Princess Royal has a personal heraldic flag for use in Canada. It is the Royal Arms of Canada in banner form defaced with a blue roundel surrounded by a wreath of gold maple leaves, within which is a depiction of an "A" surmounted by a coronet. Above the roundel is a white label of three points, the centre one charged with a red heart and the other two with red crosses.[154][155]

Other honours

In February 2015, the Princess Royal became one of the first female honorary members of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews.[156]

Descendants

Name Birth Marriage Issue
Peter Phillips 15 November 1977 17 May 2008 Autumn Kelly Savannah Phillips
Isla Phillips
Zara Phillips 15 May 1981 30 July 2011 Mike Tindall Mia Tindall
Lena Tindall

Ancestry

The Princess Royal's ancestry can be traced as far back as Cerdic, King of Wessex (519–534).[157]

In popular culture

Notes

  1. ^ As a British princess, Anne does not usually use a maiden surname; but when one is needed, it is Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]
  2. ^ The Perth Agreement and the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 reformed the line of succession to the British throne to absolute primogeniture. However, this was applied only to those born after the Agreement, so neither the Princess Royal nor her descendants at the time were moved ahead in the line.
  3. ^ Her godparents were the Queen (later Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; her maternal grandmother); the Princess Margarita, Hereditary Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (her paternal aunt); Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark (her paternal grandmother); Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (her paternal great-uncle); and Andrew Elphinstone (her first cousin once removed).[9]
  4. ^ The Perth Agreement and the Succession to the Crown Act 2013 reformed the line of succession to the British throne to absolute primogeniture. However, this was applied only to those born after the Agreement, so neither the Princess Royal nor her descendants at the time were moved ahead in the line.

References

  1. ^ "The Royal Family name". Official website of the British monarchy. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debretts. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012. Although HRH The Princess Royal and HRH Princess Alexandra are both female they are actually included with the Royal Knights Companions, and they bear the post-nominal letters KG (not LG).
  3. ^ a b "New appointments to the Order of the Thistle". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
  4. ^ "The Canadian Forces Decoration" (PDF). Canadian Defence Force. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Princess Anne's colourful royal career". BBC. 21 November 2002. Archived from the original on 13 February 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Senior European Championship Results". British Eventing Governing Body. Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  7. ^ "No. 38995". The London Gazette. 16 August 1950. p. 4197.
  8. ^ "1950: Princess gives birth to second child". BBC. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  9. ^ Royal Christenings Archived 6 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine, uniserve.com; accessed 25 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b c "HRH The Princess Royal> Early Life and Education". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  11. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  12. ^ "The Princess Royal". The Royal Family. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  13. ^ "Princess Anne comforts Andrew Parker Bowles at funeral of his wife Rosemary". Hello!. 19 January 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2010. Andrew is also a close friend of the Princess Anne, and dated her in 1970.
  14. ^ a b c Longworth, R. C. (1 September 1989). "Princess Anne To Separate From Husband". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Princess Anne's wedding". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Iconic weddings: Princess Anne and Mark Phillips". Hello!. 27 July 2011. Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Princess Anne's Marriage – Events of 1973". UPI.com. 1973. Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  18. ^ As female-line descendants of royalty, the children have no title despite being the grandchildren of a monarch. (They are not the only children of a British princess without titles; the children of Princess Alexandra, the Queen's cousin, are also untitled.)
  19. ^ "The Princess Royal". royal.uk. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017.
  20. ^ "But No Divorce Is Planned : Princess Anne, Husband Split". Los Angeles Times. 31 August 1989. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  21. ^ a b Kaufman, Joanne; Cooper, Jonathan (24 April 1989). "A Crisis Rocks a Royal Marriage". People. Archived from the original on 7 March 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  22. ^ "1989: Royal couple to separate". BBC. Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  23. ^ Rule, Sheila (1 September 1989). "Princess Anne and Husband Agree to Separate". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 May 2018. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  24. ^ Brozan, Nadine (24 April 1992). "Chronicle". New York Times.
  25. ^ a b c Daily Express, 21 August 2006
  26. ^ a b "On This Day > 20 March > 1974: Kidnap attempt on Princess Anne". BBC. 20 March 1974. Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
  27. ^ Roy Greenslade (17 July 2004). "Obituary: Brian McConnell". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  28. ^ "Princess foiled 1974 kidnap plot". BBC. 1 January 2005. Archived from the original on 3 January 2009. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
  29. ^ Agence France-Presse (2 January 2005). "Kidnap the Princess? Not bloody likely!". The Age. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  30. ^ a b "Royal Rewind – kidnap attempt on Princess Anne". The Crown Chronicles. 20 March 2017. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  31. ^ "Man Who Thwarted Princess Anne's Kidnapping to Auction Off His Royal Medal". 6 February 2020.
  32. ^ "No. 46354". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 September 1974. pp. 8013–8014.
  33. ^ Proctor, Charlie (20 March 2019). "'Not bloody likely' – The attempted kidnapping of Princess Anne". royalcentral. Archived from the original on 26 July 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  34. ^ Searcey, Ian (22 July 2012). "Olympic archive: equestrian Princess Anne (1972)". Channel 4. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  35. ^ Corrigan, Peter (14 December 2003). "Bravo for Jonny but Beeb need new act". The Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
  36. ^ a b "This day in sport: Princess Anne". The Times. 5 November 2006. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  37. ^ "The Princess Royal and the Olympics". The Royal Family. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  38. ^ About FEI – History Archived 16 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine, FEI official site; retrieved 21 February 2010.
  39. ^ "In Quiet Scottish Ceremony, Anne Marries Naval Officer". The New York Times. 13 December 1992. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  40. ^ a b "1992: Princess Royal remarries". BBC. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  41. ^ Tuohy, William (13 December 1992). "Britain's Princess Anne Remarries : Wedding: Scottish ceremony brings a tiny bit of joy to a year that saw more than one royal marriage fail". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  42. ^ In 2002, the Church of England did agree that divorced persons could remarry in church under certain circumstances, but the matter is left to the discretion of the parish priest.
  43. ^ "Divorce". The Church of England. Archived from the original on 5 February 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  44. ^ "Worship on the Web" (PDF). Church of Scotland. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  45. ^ "Royal wedding dresses through the years". The Daily Telegraph. 7 August 2015. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  46. ^ Chang, Mahalia (27 November 2017). "A Very Thorough History Of British Royal Engagement Rings". Harper's Bazaar Australia. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  47. ^ The Royal Residences – St. James's Palace – Royal Archived 9 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  48. ^ Davison, Janet (7 November 2014). "Princess Anne's Ottawa tour will honour 'everyday heroes'". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  49. ^ Bannerman, Lucy (29 December 2017). "Princess Anne crowned busiest royal". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  50. ^ "Princess Anne Was the Hardest Working Member of the Royal Family This Year". Town & Country. 29 December 2017. Archived from the original on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  51. ^ a b "HRH The Princess Royal> Public Role". Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
  52. ^ "Bushfire memorial echoes grief and hope". 9News. 22 February 2009. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2009.
  53. ^ "Princess Anne visits Soviets". UPI. Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  54. ^ "Chancellor". University of London. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  55. ^ "HRH the Princess Royal appointed High Commissioner to the General Assembly 2017". The Church of Scotland. 8 December 2016. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  56. ^ "Orders of Chivalry", College of St George. Archived from the original at the Internet Archive on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  57. ^ a b c "Our Patron Princess Anne". Save the Children UK. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  58. ^ "The Princess Royal marks 25 years of the Carers Trust". The Royal Family. 10 February 2016. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  59. ^ "Who we are". Transaid. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  60. ^ WISE Patrons Archived 31 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, wisecampaign.org.uk; accessed 25 March 2016.
  61. ^ "The Princess Royal visits St John Ambulance's new HQ". BBC. 1 April 2010. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  62. ^ Pilmoor, Ellie (23 January 2018). "St John Ambulance volunteer from Gosport meets royal". Portsmouth News. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  63. ^ "Trustees and Senior Staff". St Andrew's First Aid. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  64. ^ "Royal seal for bin-lorry crash responders". Evening Times. 7 November 2015. Archived from the original on 15 March 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  65. ^ "HRH the Princess Royal". Olympic. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  66. ^ "LOCOG Board". London2012.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2011.
  67. ^ "President and Vice Presidents". BAFTA. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018. HRH Princess Anne, The Princess Royal, was named president from 1973, and remained in the post until 2000.
  68. ^ "Court Circular February 17". The Times. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  69. ^ Bassom, David (18 May 2017). "Our Royal Patron attends merger event". Royal National Children's Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  70. ^ "HRH Princess Anne". Boarding School Partnerships. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  71. ^ "Royal Patron". Aerospace Bristol. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  72. ^ a b "Worshipful Company of Carmen :: Fellowship :: Tradition and Custom". www.thecarmen.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 December 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  73. ^ "Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal Princess Anne KG KT GCVO GCStJ QSO GCL FRS Royal Fellow". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015.
  74. ^ a b "Royal Fellows". The Academy of Medical Sciences. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  75. ^ "Royal Fellows of the Royal Society". The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  76. ^ "New Chancellor Elected". ed.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  77. ^ "Princess Royal presents awards at Buckingham Palace". City Guilds. 29 April 2014. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  78. ^ "Princess Anne: Master of Trinity House". Trinity Village. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  79. ^ Moran, Olivia (1 November 2017). "Princess Anne visits Trinity House, RAF Benson and attends Equestrian Awards". The Crown Chronicles. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  80. ^ "Our History". Royal College of Occupational Therapists. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  81. ^ "The Chancellor". The University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  82. ^ "Governance". Royal Holloway, University of London. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  83. ^ "HRH The Princess Royal opens the new Emily Wilding Davison Building at Royal Holloway". Royal Holloway, University of London. 18 October 2017. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  84. ^ "London: International Students House". Foreign Students. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018. Our current patron is HRH The Princess Royal.
  85. ^ Howard, Victoria (26 June 2017). "Royal diary: latest engagements 26th June – 1st July". The Crown Chronicles. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018. Princess Anne will attend a Reception at 229 Great Portland Street, as patron of International Students House.
  86. ^ Mahmood, Asif (17 March 2011). "Princess Anne hails Pak efforts against acid violence". The Nation. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  87. ^ "HRH The Princess Royal visits Chichester Cathedral for the Townwomen's Guilds Carol Service". The Official Chichester Cathedral. 6 December 2016. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  88. ^ "Our Patron". www.citizensadvice.org.uk. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  89. ^ "The Princess Royal heads to Sochi Games". 3 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  90. ^ "Britain's Princess Anne To Visit Arkhangelsk For WWII Commemoration". www.rferl.org. Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  91. ^ "Princess Anne has tests in hospital after feeling unwell". BBC. 9 September 2016. Archived from the original on 1 May 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  92. ^ "Britain's Princess Anne arrives for two-day study tour". Bernama. The Borneo Post. 30 October 2016. Archived from the original on 17 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  93. ^ "Princess Anne Visits Holt As She is Announced as Gresham's Govenor [sic]". 4 July 2017. Archived from the original on 27 November 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017.
  94. ^ a b c d e f g "How Princess Anne became the shining light of the beleaguered monarchy". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  95. ^ a b Miller, Frederica. "Princess Anne transformation: Anne's journey from 'haughty' royal to 'national treasure'". Express. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  96. ^ a b c d e f g Nicholl, Katie. "Princess Anne Opens Up About Her Lifetime as a Royal". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  97. ^ "Princess Anne". YouGov. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  98. ^ "On her 70th birthday, this is why Princess Anne is still as popular as ever". Metro. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  99. ^ Jean-Philippe, McKenzie. "10 Fascinating Facts About Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth II's Daughter". Oprah Magazine. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  100. ^ "Hard work and horses: why Princess Anne is having a moment". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  101. ^ Finn, Natalie. "Inside the Unique Royal World of the Unflappable Princess Anne". E! Online. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  102. ^ Taylor, Elise. "Is Princess Anne Actually the Coolest Royal?". Vogue. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  103. ^ "Princess Anne sends message of solidarity to UK fashion firms". Fashion Network UK. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  104. ^ a b c Coleman, Nancy (18 November 2019). "The Crown': Who Is Princess Anne?". New York Times. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  105. ^ Pike, Naomi. "ARTS & LIFESTYLE The Young Princess Anne's Most Noteworthy Royal Ensembles". Vogue. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  106. ^ a b c d Seamons, Helena (15 August 2020). "Princess Anne at 70: a life of style – in pictures". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  107. ^ As the child of a daughter of the monarch, Anne would not usually have been accorded the title of princess or the style Royal Highness. However, on 22 October 1948, letters patent were issued granting these to any children of Princess Elizabeth and Philip.
  108. ^ Davies, Nicholas (2013). Elizabeth II: Behind Palace Doors. Random House. ISBN 9781780578279. Until Elizabeth gave her the title, Anne's correct form of address had been a mouthful, 'Her Royal Highness the Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips'.
  109. ^ "No. 59053". The London Gazette. 5 May 2009. p. 7604.
  110. ^ "No. 45290". The London Gazette. 28 January 1971. p. 967.
  111. ^ a b "Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2010.
  112. ^ "No. 58306". The London Gazette. 20 April 2007.
  113. ^ "The Princess Royal: Honours". Royal Household. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  114. ^ Brian, Hoey (2003). At home with the Queen : life through the keyhole of the Royal household. London: HarperCollins. p. 172. ISBN 0007126190. OCLC 52395779.
  115. ^ "New appointments to the Order of the Thistle". The Royal Family. 30 November 2003. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
  116. ^ Jackson, Michael (2007). Honours of the Crown. The Monarchist League of Canada. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007.
  117. ^ "Papua New Guinea visit". 2005. Archived from the original on 24 December 2007.
  118. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 275. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  119. ^ "Grand State Banquet". Archived from the original on 2 March 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  120. ^ "Sosyal İçerik Platformu". Sosyola. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014.
  121. ^ "El Rey reconoce que Isabel II ha hecho posible la visita de Estado a Reino Unido" [King Felipe recognizes that Elizabeth II has made possible a State visit to the United Kingdom]. lavanguardia.com (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. Archived from the original on 14 November 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  122. ^ "Grand-Croix de Deuxième Classe de L'Ordre Nationale Malgache" [Grand Cross 2nd Class of the National Order of Madagascar]. presidence.gov.mg (in French). Présidence de la République de Madagascar. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  123. ^ "H R H Anne The Princess Royal". The Royal Society of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  124. ^ "Princess Anne becomes a Royal Fellow". RAEng Newsletter Autumn 2010 p3. Archived from the original on 27 October 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  125. ^ "Honorary Fellowship for Royal marks Faculty of Dental Surgery's 70th Anniversary". Royal College of Surgeons. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  126. ^ "Keeping up with Anne: the Princess Royal's week". 19 April 2019. Archived from the original on 3 December 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  127. ^ "History". Worshipful Company of Woolmen. Archived from the original on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  128. ^ "General Assembly 2017". The Church of Scotland. Archived from the original on 25 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  129. ^ Pringle, Eleanor (4 July 2017). "Princess Anne visits Holt as she is announced as Gresham's Govenor [sic]". North Norfolk News. Archived from the original on 24 December 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  130. ^ University of Edinburgh. "News and Events". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
  131. ^ UHI. "About UHI". Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  132. ^ Harper Adams University. "News". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  133. ^ "Undergraduate Calendar: History and Government—Honorary Degree Recipients". University of Regina. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  134. ^ "Princess Anne arrives in St. John's". CBC. 23 April 2010. Archived from the original on 27 April 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  135. ^ "Cranfield's 2011 Honorary Graduates". Cranfield University. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  136. ^ "Princess Anne handed honorary degree from Camilla in Aberdeen". BBC. 14 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  137. ^ a b "No. 47235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7119.
  138. ^ "Princess Anne's Ottawa tour will honour 'everyday heroes'". CBC News. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  139. ^ Bulletin November 2003 Archived 18 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Forces Health Services Group
  140. ^ "Normandy: D-Day June 6—Regina". Veterans Affairs Canada. 5 June 2004. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  141. ^ Government of Canada (3 May 2015). "Minister Kenney announces Royal appointments to the Royal Canadian Navy". Queen's Printer for Canada. Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  142. ^ a b "No. 52834". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 February 1992. p. 2581.
  143. ^ "No. 45051". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 March 1970. p. 2551.
  144. ^ "No. 47234". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 June 1977. p. 7079.
  145. ^ "No. 57032". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 August 2003. p. 10318.
  146. ^ "History | FANY (PRVC) – Princess Royal's Volunteer Corps". FANY (PRVC) – Princess Royal's Volunteer Corps. Archived from the original on 28 August 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  147. ^ "No. 59847". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 2011. p. 13226.
  148. ^ a b "No. 60271". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 September 2012. p. 17883.
  149. ^ "HRH PRINCESS ROYAL CELEBRATES THE WRNS AT SERVICE OF THANKSGIVING". royalnavy.mod.uk. Royal Navy. Retrieved 1 December 2020.
  150. ^ a b "Princess Anne gets military promotion as she celebrates 70th birthday". BBC News. Archived from the original on 17 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  151. ^ "No. 63103". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 September 2020. p. 15107.
  152. ^ "RAF Senior Appointments 15 August 2020". raf.mod.uk. Royal Air Force. 15 August 2020. Retrieved 22 August 2020. Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal KG KT GCVO to be promoted Air Chief Marshal with effect from 15 August 2020.
  153. ^ "No. 63103". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 September 2020. p. 15103.
  154. ^ "Canadian Flags of the Royal Family". Canadian Crown. Government of Canada. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  155. ^ "The Princess Anne, Princess Royal". Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges. Office of the Governor General of Canada: Canadian Heraldic Authority. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  156. ^ "BBC Sport – Princess Royal among first women to join St Andrews". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 29 September 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  157. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1973). "The Royal Lineage". Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 187–309. ISBN 0-220-66222-3.
  158. ^ Paget, Gerald (1977). The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (2 vols). Edinburgh: Charles Skilton. ISBN 978-0-284-40016-1.
  159. ^ Dunn, Emma. "Swindon Speedway boss Ronnie Russell recalls the night he saved Princess Anne". The Swindon Advertiser. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.

External links

Anne, Princess Royal
Born: 15 August 1950
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Lady Louise Windsor
Line of succession to the British throne
14th position
Followed by
Peter Phillips
British royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Princess Mary, Countess of Harewood
Princess Royal
1987–present
Incumbent
Academic offices
Preceded by
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Chancellor of the University of London
1981–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
The Duke of Edinburgh
Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
2011–present
New creation Chancellor of the University of the Highlands and Islands
2012–present
Chancellor of Harper Adams University
2013–present
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order
2007–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Henry Cooper
BBC Sports Personality of the Year
1971
Succeeded by
Mary Peters
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Countess of Wessex
Ladies
HRH The Princess Royal
Followed by
The Duchess of Cambridge

Information

Article Anne, Princess Royal in English Wikipedia took following places in local popularity ranking:

Presented content of the Wikipedia article was extracted in 2020-12-03 based on https://en.wikipedia.org/?curid=125231