2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election

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All 243 seats in the Bihar Legislative Assembly
122 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout57.09% (Increase0.18%)
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Tejashwiyadavrjd.jpg Sanjay Jaiswal BJP.jpg The Chief Minister of Bihar, Shri Nitish Kumar meeting with the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia to finalize Annual Plan 2007-08 of the State, in New Delhi on February 14, 2007 (Nitish Kumar) (cropped).jpg
Leader Tejashwi Yadav Sanjay Jaiswal Nitish Kumar
Party RJD BJP JD(U)
Alliance MGB NDA NDA
Leader since 2017 2019 2005
Leader's seat Raghopur
(Won)
MP from Pashchim Champaran
(did not contest)
MLC
(did not contest)
Last election 80 53 71
Seats won 75 74 43
Seat change Decrease5 Increase21 Decrease28
Popular vote 9,736,242 8,201,408 6,484,414
Percentage 23.11% 19.46% 15.39%
Swing Increase 4.79% Decrease 4.96% Decrease 1.44%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Hand INC.svg Logo of CPIML Liberation.jpg Indian Election Symbol Kite.svg
Leader Madan Mohan Jha Dipankar Bhattacharya Akhtarul Iman
Party INC CPI(ML)L AIMIM
Alliance MGB MGB GDSF
Leader since 2018 1996 2015
Leader's seat MLC
(did not contest)
Did Not Contest Amour
(Won)
Last election 27 3 0
Seats won 19 12 5
Seat change Decrease8 Increase9 Increase5
Popular vote 3,995,003 1,333,569 523,279
Percentage 9.48% 3.16% 1.24%
Swing Increase 2.82% Increase 1.66% Increase 1.03%

Bihar Legislative Assembly election 2020.svg
  Mahagathbandhan : 110 seats
  Others/Independents : 8 seats

2020 Bihar assembly election results.png
Map of election results

Chief Minister before election

Nitish Kumar
JD(U)

Elected Chief Minister

Nitish Kumar
JD(U)

The Bihar Legislative Assembly election was held in three phases through October–November to elect members to the Seventeenth Bihar Legislative Assembly. The term of the previous Sixteenth Legislative Assembly of Bihar is scheduled to end on 29 November 2020.

The election was held in three phases for a total of 243 seats:- the first for 71 seats on 28 October 2020, the second for 94 seats on 3 November 2020, and the third for the remaining 78 seats on 7 November 2020. The counting of votes began on 10 November 2020 and the incumbent National Democratic Alliance emerged as the winner with 125 elected MLAs, whereas the principal opposition coalition of Mahagathbandhan won 110 seats.[1] Other minor coalitions and parties won 7 seats while only 1 newly elected MLA was an independent.[2]

After the elections, the incumbent Chief Minister Nitish Kumar was elected as the leader of the National Democratic Alliance in Bihar and was sworn in again as Chief Minister, whereas two new deputy Chief Ministers, Tarkishore Prasad and Renu Devi were inducted to the new ministry.[3]

Background

Outlined in Article 168 of the Constitution of India, the Bihar Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Bihar and not a permanent body and subject to dissolution.[4] The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people. The tenure of current Bihar Legislative Assembly is scheduled to end on 29 November 2020.[5]

In the previous election, an alliance of three major parties consisting of Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal and Indian National Congress named as Mahagathbandhan won against its primary opposition, the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance. However, in 2017, the Janata Dal (United) Chief Minister Nitish Kumar left the Mahagathbandhan and joined the National Democratic Alliance.[6] While Nitish Kumar remained the Chief Minister, Sushil Kumar Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party replaced Tejashwi Yadav as the Deputy Chief Minister.

Issues

The main issue was that of the jobs and the economy. Bihar, for a long time, has been an economically backward state and sends large numbers of migrant labourers to cities across the country. Due to the coronavirus pandemic lockdown, thousands of migrant labourers were forced to return to their home states due to lack of work, and Bihar was one of the most affected by the ensuing humanitarian crisis. Many of these workers blamed the current government for not having jobs for them in the first place, and not providing jobs when the lockdown started. There was also a significant anti-incumbency wave against Nitish, who has been CM for 15 years.[7]

The three agriculture bills passed by the Indian Parliament amid nationwide protests is expected to play a key role in the elections.[8]

Issues such as the lack of employment, alleged politicisation of flood relief in the aftermath of the 2019 Bihar floods and alleged inability of the state government to handle the Covid-19 pandemic are expected to be made an election issue by the opposition parties.[9][10] The limited digital connectivity in Bihar and the migrant crisis are among the issues which are also suggested to have an impact on campaigning and poll outcomes.[10][11]

The death of the former Lok Janshakti Party president and union cabinet minister, Ram Vilas Paswan on 8 October 2020 is also speculated to have an effect on the prospects of the competing parties.[12]

Schedule

On 25 September, Election Commission of India announced the dates for Bihar Assembly elections.[13]

Poll Event Phase
I II III
Constituencies 71 94 78
Map of constituencies and their phases 2020 Bihar voting phases.png
Date of Issue of Notification 1 October 2020 9 October 2020 13 October 2020
Last Date for filling nomination 8 October 2020 16 October 2020 20 October 2020
Scrutiny of nomination 9 October 2020 17 October 2020 21 October 2020
Last Date for Withdrawal of nomination 12 October 2020 19 October 2020 23 October 2020
Date of Poll 28 October 2020 3 November 2020 7 November 2020
Date of Counting of Votes 10 November 2020
Source: Election Commission of India

Parties and Alliances

National Democratic Alliance

The National Democratic Alliance in Bihar is the ruling political group headed by the chief minister Nitish Kumar and comprising primarily the Janata Dal (United) and the Bharatiya Janata Party in the legislative assembly.[14]

In the previous election, the alliance was led by the Bharatiya Janata Party alongside three smaller allies namely the Lok Janshakti Party, the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha, while the Janata Dal (United) had contested as part of the current opposition Mahagathbandan.[15][16] In 2017, the Janata Dal (United) switched alliance which caused the Mahagathbandan government to fall and the National Democratic Alliance came to power.[17] In 2018, two of the partners, the Rashtriya Lok Samata Party and the Hindustani Awam Morcha left the alliance.[18][19]

During the campaigning phase in August 2020, the alliance was re-joined by the Hindustani Awam Morcha which held one seat in the legislature.[20] Later, the alliance was also joined in by the Vikassheel Insaan Party in October 2020.[21] The campaign however faced problems with persistent attacks on the Janata Dal (United) by the Lok Janshakti Party.[22][23] Chirag Paswan, the leader of the party in the state was called to Delhi to negotiate with the national leadership of the Bharatiya Janata Party, in the end the Lok Janshakti Party quit the alliance stating that they would contest all seats against the Janata Dal (United) but not against the Bharatiya Janata Party.[24][25] Following the development, several notable leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party including the state vice president and 2 sitting legislators joined the Lok Janshakti Party to contest against Janata Dal (United) candidates.[26][27] Later during the campaigning period in October 2020, the Bharatiya Janata Party officially cut ties with the Lok Janshakti Party stating that the National Democratic Alliances in Bihar consisted of the four parties.[28][29][30]

According to political analysts the Lok Janshakti Party was unlikely to make any electoral gains but would act as spoilers for the Janata Dal (United) candidates,[31] the development was suggested to have been orchestrated by the Bharatiya Janata Party to gain leverage over the Janata Dal (United) by reducing its final tally.[36] The Bharatiya Janata Party at the time re-asserted that Nitish Kumar would remain the chief ministerial face of the alliance.[37][38] Both the Lok Janshakti Party and the Janata Dal (United) are expected to hold sway among certain sections of Scheduled caste voters while the Bharatiya Janta Party are expected to draws its support base from Forward caste voters.[39][40] The Janata Dal (United) though relied upon its core voters by giving importance to its Luv-Kush (Koeri-Kurmi) equation in ticket distribution, also gave good representation to the forward castes and EBCs. For 115 seats which it contested 17 forward caste were given party tickets while the Koeri and Kurmi candidates got 17 and 7 seats respectively. The EBCs on the other hand contested on 21 seats out of 115.[41]

No. Party Flag Symbol Photo Leader Seats contested
1. Janata Dal (United) Janata Dal (United) Flag.svg Indian Election Symbol Arrow.png Nitish Kumar (cropped).JPG Nitish Kumar 115[42]
2. Bharatiya Janata Party Bharatiya Janata Party logo.svg BJP election symbol.svg -783x768.png Sanjay Jaiswal BJP.jpg Sanjay Jaiswal[43] 110[44]
3. Vikassheel Insaan Party Vikassheel Insaan Party.jpg Mukesh Sahani 11[44]
4. Hindustani Awam Morcha Hindustani Awam Morcha Flag.svg Telephone.svg Sri Jitan Ram Manjhi.jpg Jitan Ram Manjhi 7
Parties part of the National Democratic alliance at the center but not in state
5. Lok Janshakti Party[45][46] Lok Janshakti Party Flag.svg Indian Election Symbol Bungalow.png Chirag Paswan.jpg Chirag Paswan 134

Mahagathbandhan

The Mahagathbandhan is the main opposition political coalition comprising primarily the United Progressive Alliance members Rashtriya Janata Dal and Indian National Congress along with left–wing parties such as CPI and CPI (M).[47][48]

In the previous election, the Mahagathbandhan formed and initially comprised the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Janata Dal (United) and the Indian National Congress.[15] It was able to form government following the election but the government fell when the Janata Dal (United) switched sides and joined the National Democratic Alliance.[17] In the opposition, the alliance was joined in by smaller parties like the Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, the Hindustan Awami Morcha and the Vikassheel Insaan Party.[49][19][50] The three parties however opted out of the alliance between August–October 2020.[51][52][53] In September 2020, the Samajwadi Party which had contested in previous elections in Bihar without success, declared that they would not contest this time and instead support the Rashtriya Janata Dal.[54]

In the meantime, the alliance after negotiations were joined in by the left–wing parties in Bihar; namely the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation, the Communist Party of India and the Communist Party of India (Marxist).[55][56] The new arrangement was described as an experiment beyond the caste based politics in Bihar with a caste plus class strategy.[57] The communist parties in Bihar had historically held a large presence in the state that was reduced following the Mandal Commission, the Liberation group had retained some of its former base and had emerged as the largest non alliance party in the previous election.[58]

The seat sharing agreement was finalised on 3 October 2020 with the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha included in the alliance.[59] On 7 October, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha opted out of the alliance in Bihar over disagreements on seat sharing while maintaining that they will continue to uphold their alliance in the state of Jharkhand.[60]

No. Party Flag Symbol Photo Leader Seats contested
1. Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Flag.svg Indian Election Symbol Hurricane Lamp.png Tejashwiyadavrjd.jpg Tejashwi Yadav 144[61]
2. Indian National Congress INC Flag Official.jpg Hand INC.svg Madan Mohan Jha 70
3. Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Logo of CPIML Liberation.jpg Dipankar Bhattacharya 19
4. Communist Party of India CPI-banner.svg Indian Election Symbol Ears of Corn and Sickle.png Ram Naresh Pandey[62] 6
5. Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M-flag.svg Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png Awadhesh Kumar Rai 4

Grand Democratic Secular Front

In the wake of the 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, Upendra Kushwaha pulled the party out of the Rashtriya Janata Dal led Mahagathbandhan (Grand Alliance),[63].The party entered into an alliance with the Uttar Pradesh based Bahujan Samaj Party and the minor Janvadi Party (Socialist);[64] The UDSA consisted of the Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic led by the veteran socialist Devendra Prasad Yadav and the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[65]On 8 October 2020, the UDSA and the three party front including the Bahujan Samaj Party were merged into a single coalition called the Grand Democratic Secular Front (GDSF), the alliance additionally included the Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party.[66][67] Among the constituent parties, only the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen had representation in the assembly through a single legislator.[67]

No. Party Flag Symbol Photo Leader Seats contested
1. Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Indian Election Symbol Ceiling Fan.svg The Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Shri Upendra Kushwaha addressing at the inauguration of the “Summer Fiesta”, in New Delhi on May 22, 2018.JPG Upendra Kushwaha 104[68]
2. Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant Bahujan Samaj Party.svg Indian Election Symbol Elephant.png Ramji Gautam 80
3. Samajwadi Janata Dal Democratic Devendra Prasad Yadav 25
4. All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Indian Election Symbol Kite.svg Akhtarul Iman 24
5. Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party Om Prakash Rajbhar 5
6. Janvadi Party (Socialist) Dr. Sanjay Singh Chauhan 5

Others

There are a number of other smaller parties and coalitions contesting the election,[69] the prospects and impact of these formations have been noted to be marginal.[69][70] As of January 2020, there were 120 unrecognised registered parties in Bihar.[70][71]

On 2 October 2020, there were reportedly four other noteworthy alliances that had emerged; Progressive Democratic Alliance (PDA), United Democratic Alliance (UDA),[69] and PDA consisting of Pappu Yadav's Jan Adhikar Party, Chandrashekhar Azad's Azad Samaj Party, Social Democratic Party of India and Bahujan Mukti Party.[72] The UDA consisted of a front of 20 parties collectively led by the former Bharatiya Janata Party cabinet minister Yashwant Sinha and other transiently popular mass leaders.[69] The newly formed Plurals Party is also contesting election in 2020 on all 243 seats. [73]

In the meantime, the UDA which was the front led by Yashwant Sinha had reportedly fallen apart as various members of the constituent parties had defected to join the mainstream regional and national parties.[66] Other notable parties that are contesting independent of an alliance, are the Lok Janshakti Party on 134 seats, the Loktantrik Janata Dal on 51 seats, the Shiv Sena on 30–40 seats and the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha on 7 seats.[74][75][76][77]

Candidates

Assembly Constituency NDA MGB LJP
# Name Party Candidate Party Candidate Party Candidate
West Champaran District
1 Valmiki Nagar JD(U) Dhirendra Pratap Singh INC Rajesh Singh LJP Mahendra Kumar Bharti
2 Ramnagar BJP Bhagirathi Devi INC Rajesh Ram
3 Narkatiaganj BJP Rashmi Verma INC Vinay Verma LJP Naushad Alam
4 Bagaha BJP Ram Singh INC Jayesh Mangal Singh
5 Lauriya BJP Vinay Bihari RJD Shambhu Tiwari
6 Nautan BJP Narayan Prasad INC Sheikh Kamran
7 Chanpatia BJP Umakant Singh INC Abhishek Ranjan
8 Bettiah BJP Renu Devi INC Madan Mohan Tiwari
9 Sikta JD(U) Khurshid (Feroz Ahmad) CPI(ML)L Birendra Prasad Gupta IND Dilip Varma[a]
East Champaran District
10 Raxaul BJP Pramod Sinha INC Rambabu Yadav
11 Sugauli VIP Ramchandra Sahani RJD Shashi Bhushan Singh LJP Vijay Prasad Gupta
12 Narkatiya JD(U) Shyam Bihari Prasad RJD Shamim Ahmad LJP Sonu Kumar
13 Harsidhi BJP Krishnanandan Paswan RJD Kumar Nagendra
14 Govindganj BJP Sunil Mani Tiwari INC Brajesh Pandey LJP Raju Tiwari
15 Kesaria JD(U) Shalini Mishra RJD Santosh Kushawaha LJP Ram Sharan Prasad Yadav
16 Kalyanpur BJP Sachindra Prasad Singh RJD Manoj Kumar Yadav
17 Pipra BJP Shyambabu Prasad Yadav CPI(M) Rajmangal Prasad
18 Madhuban BJP Rana Randhir Singh RJD Madan Prasad
19 Motihari BJP Pramod Kumar RJD Om Prakash Choudhary
20 Chiraia BJP Lal Babu Prasad Gupta RJD Acchelal Yadav
21 Dhaka BJP Pawan Jaiswal RJD Faisal Rahman
Sheohar District
22 Sheohar JD(U) Sharfuddin RJD Chetan Anand Singh LJP Vijay Kumar Pandey
Sitamarhi District
23 Riga BJP Moti Lal Prasad INC Amit Kumar Tunna
24 Bathnaha BJP Anil Ram INC Sanjay Ram
25 Parihar BJP Gayatri Devi RJD Ritu Jaiswal
26 Sursand JD(U) Dilip Ray RJD Syed Abu Dojana LJP Amit Choudhari
27 Bajpatti JD(U) Ranju Geeta RJD Mukesh Kumar Yadav LJP MD Intakhab Alam
28 Sitamarhi BJP Mitilesh Kumar RJD Sunil Kumar
29 Runnisaidpur JD(U) Pankaj Kumar Mishra RJD Mangita Devi LJP Guddi Devi
30 Belsand JD(U) Sunita Singh Chauhan RJD Sanjay Kumar Gupta LJP Md Nasir Ahmad
Madhubani District
31 Harlakhi JD(U) Sudhanshu Shekhar CPI Ram Naresh Pandey LJP Vikash Kumar Misra
32 Benipatti BJP Vinod Narayan Jha INC Bhawana Jha
33 Khajauli BJP Arun Shankar Prasad RJD Sitaram Yadav
34 Babubarhi JD(U) Meena Kamat RJD Uma Kant Yadav LJP Amar Nath Prasad
35 Bisfi BJP Haribhushan Thakur RJD Faiyaz Ahmad
36 Madhubani VIP Suman Kumar Mahaseth RJD Samir Kumar Mahaseth LJP Arvind Kumar Purbey
37 Rajnagar BJP Ram Prit Paswan RJD Ramawatar Paswan
38 Jhanjharpur BJP Nitish Mishra CPI Ram Narayan Yadav
39 Phulparas JD(U) Sheela Kumari Mandal INC Kripanath Pathak LJP Binod Kumar Singh
40 Laukaha JD(U) Laxmeshwar Rai RJD Bharat Bhushan Mandal LJP Pramod Kumar Priyedarshi
Supaul District
41 Nirmali JD(U) Aniruddha Prasad Yadav RJD Yaduvansh Kumar Yadav LJP Gautam Kumar
42 Pipra JD(U) Ram Vilas Kamat RJD Vishwa Mohan Kumar LJP Shakuntala Prasad
43 Supaul JD(U) Bijendra Prasad Yadav INC Minnauttallah Rahmani LJP Prabhash Chandra Mandal
44 Triveniganj JD(U) Veena Bharti RJD Santosh Sardar LJP Renu Lata Bharti
45 Chhatapur BJP Neeraj Kumar Singh RJD Vipin Kumar Nonia
Araria District
46 Narpatganj BJP Jayprakash Yadav RJD Anil Kumar Yadav
47 Raniganj JD(U) Achmit Rishidev RJD Avinash Mangalam LJP Parmanand Rishidev
48 Forbesganj BJP Vidya Sagar Keshri INC Zakir Hussain
49 Araria JD(U) Shagufta Azim INC Avidur Rahman LJP Chandra Shekhar Singh Baban
50 Jokihat BJP Ranjeet Yadav RJD Sarfaraz Alam
51 Sikti BJP Vijay Mandal RJD Shatrughan Mandal
Kishanganj District
52 Bahadurganj VIP Lakhan Lal Pandit INC Md. Tauseef Alam
53 Thakurganj JD(U) Naushad Alam RJD Saud Alam LJP Mahommad Kalim Uddin
54 Kishanganj BJP Sweety Singh INC Izharul Hussain
55 Kochadhaman JD(U) Mujahid Alam RJD Shahid Alam LJP Habibur Rahman
Purnia District
56 Amour JD(U) Saba Zafar INC Abdul Jalil Mastan LJP Manoj Kumar Nishad
57 Baisi BJP Vinod Kumar Yadav RJD Abdus Subhan
58 Kasba HAM(S) Rajendra Yadav INC Md. Afaque Alam LJP Pradeep Kumar Das
59 Banmankhi BJP Krishna Kumar Rishi RJD Upendra Sharma
60 Rupauli JD(U) Bima Bharti CPI Vikas Chandra Mandal LJP Shankar Singh
61 Dhamdaha JD(U) Leshi Singh RJD Dilip Kumar Yadav LJP Yogendra Kumar
62 Purnia BJP Vijay Khemka INC Indu Sinha
Katihar District
63 Katihar BJP Tarkishore Prasad RJD Ram Prakash Mahto
64 Kadwa JD(U) Suraj Prasad Rai INC Shakeel Ahmad Khan LJP Chandra Bhushan Thakur
65 Balrampur VIP Barun Kumar Jha CPI(ML)L Mahbub Alam LJP Sangita Devi
66 Pranpur BJP Nisha Singh INC Tauquir Alam
67 Manihari JD(U) Shambhu Suman INC Manohar Prasad Singh LJP Anil Kumar Oraon
68 Barari JD(U) Vijay Singh Nishad RJD Neeraj Kumar LJP Bibhash Chandra Choudhary
69 Korha BJP Kavita Paswan INC Poonam Paswan
Madhepura District
70 Alamnagar JD(U) Narendra Narayan Yadav RJD Naveen Nishad LJP Sunila Devi
71 Bihariganj JD(U) Niranjan Kumar Mehta INC Subhashini Yadav LJP Vijay Kumar Singh
72 Singheshwar JD(U) Ramesh Rishidev RJD Chandrahas Choupal LJP Amit Kumar Bharti
73 Madhepura JD(U) Nikhil Mandal RJD Chandra Shekhar LJP Saakar Suresh Yadav
Saharsa District
74 Sonbarsha JD(U) Ratnesh Sada INC Tarni Rishidev LJP Sarita Devi
75 Saharsa BJP Alok Ranjan Jha RJD Lovely Anand
76 Simri Bakhtiarpur VIP Mukesh Sahani RJD Yusuf Salahuddin LJP Sanjay Kumar Singh
77 Mahishi JD(U) Gunjeshwar Sah RJD Gautam Krishna LJP Abdur Razzaque
Darbhanga District
78 Kusheshwar Asthan JD(U) Shashi Bhushan Hajari INC Ashok Kumar LJP Poonam Kumari
79 Gaura Bauram VIP Swarna Singh RJD Afzal Ali Khan LJP Rajeev Kumar Thakur
80 Benipur JD(U) Binay Kumar Choudhary INC Mithilesh Chaudhary LJP Kamal Ram Vinod Jha
81 Alinagar VIP Mishri Lal Yadav RJD Binod Mishra LJP Raj Kumar Jha
82 Darbhanga Rural JD(U) Faraz Fatmi RJD Lalit Kumar Yadav LJP Pradeep Kumar Thakur
83 Darbhanga BJP Sanjay Saraogi RJD Amarnath Gami
84 Hayaghat BJP Ramchandra Shah RJD Bhola Yadav
85 Bahadurpur JD(U) Madan Sahni RJD Ramesh Chaudhary LJP Devendra Kumar Jha
86 Keoti BJP Murari Mohan Jha RJD Abdul Bari Siddiqui
87 Jale BJP Jibesh Kumar Mishra INC Maskoor Usmani
Muzaffarpur District
88 Gaighat JD(U) Maheshwar Prasad Yadav RJD Niranjan Rai LJP Komal Singh
89 Aurai BJP Ram Surat Ray CPI(ML)L Aftab Alam
90 Minapur JD(U) Manoj Kumar RJD Rajeev Kumar (Munna Yadav) LJP Ajay Kumar
91 Bochahan VIP Musafir Paswan RJD Ramai Ram LJP Amar Azad
92 Sakra JD(U) Ashok Kumar Choudhary INC Umesh Kumar Ram LJP Sanjay Paswan
93 Kurhani BJP Kedar Gupta RJD Anil Kumar Sahni
94 Muzaffarpur BJP Suresh Kumar Sharma INC Bijender Chaudhary
95 Kanti JD(U) Mohammad Jamal RJD Mohammad Israil Mansuri LJP Bijay Prasad Singh
96 Baruraj BJP Arun Kumar Singh RJD Nand Kumar Rai
97 Paroo BJP Ashok Kumar Singh INC Anunay Kumar Singh
98 Sahebganj VIP Raju Kumar Singh RJD Ram Vichar Ray LJP Krishan Kumar Singh
Gopalganj District
99 Baikunthpur BJP Mithlesh Tiwari RJD Prem Shankar
100 Barauli BJP Rampravesh Rai RJD Reyazul Haque Raju
101 Gopalganj BJP Subash Singh INC Asif Gafoor
102 Kuchaikote JD(U) Amarendra Kumar Pandey INC Kali Prasad Pandey LJP Ravi Pandey
103 Bhore JD(U) Sunil Kumar CPI(ML)L Jitendra Paswan LJP Pushpa Devi
104 Hathua JD(U) Ramsewak Singh RJD Rajesh Kumar Singh LJP Ramdarshan Prasad
Siwan District
105 Siwan BJP Om Prakash Yadav RJD Awadh Bihari Choudhary
106 Ziradei JD(U) Kamla Kushwaha CPI(ML)L Amarjeet Kushwaha LJP Vinod Tiwari
107 Darauli BJP Ramayan Manjhi CPI(ML)L Satyadeo Ram
108 Raghunathpur JD(U) Rajeshwar Chouhan RJD Hari Shankar Yadav LJP Manoj Kumar Singh
109 Daraunda BJP Karanjeet Singh CPI(ML)L Amarnath Yadav
110 Barharia JD(U) Shyam Bahadur Singh RJD Bachcha Pandey LJP Birabahadur Singh
111 Goriakothi BJP Devesh Kant Singh RJD Nutan Verma
112 Maharajganj JD(U) Hem Narayan Sah INC Vijay Shanker Dubey LJP Kumar Deo Ranjan Singh
Saran District
113 Ekma JD(U) Sita Devi RJD Sri Kant Yadav LJP Kameshwar Singh
114 Manjhi JD(U) Madhvi Singh CPI(M) Satyendra Yadav LJP Saurabh Kumar Pandey
115 Baniapur VIP Virendra Kumar Ojha RJD Kedarnath Singh LJP Tarkeshwar Singh
116 Taraiya BJP Janak Singh RJD Sipahilal Mahato
117 Marhaura JD(U) Altaf Alam RJD Jitendra Kumar Ray LJP Vinay Kumar
118 Chapra BJP C.N. Gupta RJD Randhir Kumar Singh
119 Garkha BJP Gyanchand Manjhi RJD Surendra Ram
120 Amnour BJP Krishan Kumar Mantoo RJD Sunil Kumar Ray
121 Parsa JD(U) Chandrika Roy RJD Chhote Lal Ray LJP Rakesh Kumar Singh
122 Sonepur BJP Vinay Kumar Singh RJD Ramanuj Prasad Yadav
Vaishali District
123 Hajipur BJP Awadhesh Singh RJD Deo Kumar Chaurasia
124 Lalganj BJP Sanjay Kumar Singh INC Rakesh Kumar LJP Raj Kumar Sah
125 Vaishali JD(U) Siddharth Patel INC Sanjeev Singh LJP Ajay Kumar Kushwaha
126 Mahua JD(U) Ashma Parveen RJD Mukesh Kumar Raushan LJP Sanjay Kumar Singh
127 Raja Pakar JD(U) Mahendra Ram INC Pratima Kumari Das LJP Dhananjay Kumar Paswan
128 Raghopur BJP Satish Kumar Yadav RJD Tejashwi Yadav LJP Rakesh Raushan
129 Mahnar JD(U) Umesh Singh Kushwaha RJD Bina Singh LJP Rabindra Kumar Singh
130 Patepur BJP Lakhinder Paswan RJD Shivchandra Ram
Samastipur District
131 Kalyanpur JD(U) Maheshwar Hazari CPI(ML)L Ranjeet Kumar Ram LJP Mona Prasad Sundeshwar Ram
132 Warisnagar JD(U) Ashok Kumar Singh CPI(ML)L Phoolbabu Singh LJP Urmila Sinha
133 Samastipur JD(U) Ashwamedh Devi RJD Akhtarul Islam Shahin LJP Mahendra Pradhan
134 Ujiarpur BJP Sheel Kumar Roy RJD Alok Kumar Mehta
135 Morwa JD(U) Vidyasagar Singh Nishad RJD Ranvijay Sahu LJP Abhay Kumar Singh
136 Sarairanjan JD(U) Vijay Kumar Chaudhary RJD Arvind Kumar Sahni LJP Abhash Kumar Jha
137 Mohiuddinnagar BJP Rajesh Singh RJD Ejya Yadav
138 Bibhutipur JD(U) Ram Balak Singh CPI(M) Ajay Kumar LJP Chandrabali Thakur
139 Rosera BJP Birendra Paswan INC Nagendra Vikal LJP Krishan Raj Paswan
140 Hasanpur JD(U) Raj Kumar Ray RJD Tej Pratap Yadav LJP Manish Kumar Sahni
Begusarai District
141 Cheria-Bariarpur JD(U) Manju Verma RJD Raj Banshi Mahto LJP Rakhi Devi
142 Bachhwara BJP Surendra Mehta CPI Awadhesh Kumar Rai
143 Teghra JD(U) Birendra Kumar CPI Ram Ratan Singh LJP Lalan Kumar
144 Matihani JD(U) Narendra Kumar Singh CPI(M) Rajendra Prasad Singh LJP Raj Kumar Singh
145 Sahebpur Kamal JD(U) Shashikant Kumar Shashi RJD Sattanand Sambuddha LJP Surendra Kumar
146 Begusarai BJP Kundan Kumar INC Amita Bhushan
147 Bakhri BJP Ramshankar Paswan CPI Suryakant Paswan
Khagaria District
148 Alauli JD(U) Sadhna Devi RJD Ramvriksh Sada LJP Ram Chandra Sada
149 Khagaria JD(U) Poonam Devi Yadav INC Chatrapati Yadav LJP Renu Kumari Singh
150 Beldaur JD(U) Panna Lal Singh Patel INC Chandan Kumar LJP Mithilesh Kumar Nishad
151 Parbatta JD(U) Sanjeev Kumar Singh RJD Digambar Prasad Tiwary LJP Aditya Kumar Shyour
Bhagalpur District
152 Bihpur BJP Kumar Shailendra RJD Shailesh Kumar Mandal
153 Gopalpur JD(U) Narendra Kumar Niraj RJD Shailesh Kumar LJP Suresh Bhagat
154 Pirpainti BJP Lalan Kumar Paswan RJD Ram Vilash Paswan
155 Kahalgaon BJP Pawan Kumar Yadav INC Shubhanand Mukesh
156 Bhagalpur BJP Rohit Pandey INC Ajeet Sharma LJP Rajesh Verma
157 Sultanganj JD(U) Lalit Narayan Mandal INC Lalan Kumar LJP Nilam Devi
158 Nathnagar JD(U) Lakshmikant Mandal RJD Ali Ashraf Siddiqui LJP Amarnath Prasad
Banka District
159 Amarpur JD(U) Jayant Raj INC Jitendra Singh LJP Mrinal Shekhar
160 Dhoraiya JD(U) Manish Kumar RJD Bhudeo Choudhary LJP Dipak Kumar Paswan
161 Banka BJP Ram Narayan Mandal RJD Javed Iqbal Ansari
162 Katoria BJP Nikki Hembrom RJD Sweety Sima Hembram
163 Belhar JD(U) Manoj Yadav RJD Ramdeo Yadav LJP Kumari Archana Yadav
Munger District
164 Tarapur JD(U) Mewa Lal Choudhary RJD Divya Prakash LJP Mina Devi
165 Munger BJP Pranav Kumar Yadav RJD Avinash Kumar Vidyarthi
166 Jamalpur JD(U) Shailesh Kumar INC Ajay Kumar Singh LJP Durgesh Kumar Singh
Lakhisarai District
167 Suryagarha JD(U) Ramanand Mandal RJD Prahlad Yadav LJP Ravishanker Prasad Singh
168 Lakhisarai BJP Vijay Kumar Sinha INC Amaresh Kumar
Sheikhpura District
169 Sheikhpura JD(U) Randhir Kumar Soni RJD Vijay Kumar LJP Imam Ghazali
170 Barbigha JD(U) Sudarshan Kumar INC Gajanand Shahi LJP Madhukar Kumar
Nalanda District
171 Asthawan JD(U) Jitendra Kumar RJD Anil Kumar LJP Ramesh Kumar
172 Biharsharif BJP Sunil Kumar RJD Sunil Kumar
173 Rajgir JD(U) Kaushal Kishore INC Ravi Jyoti Kumar LJP Manju Devi
174 Islampur JD(U) Chandrasen Prasad RJD Rakesh Kumar Raushan LJP Naresh Prasad Singh
175 Hilsa JD(U) Krishnamurari Sharan RJD Shakti Singh Yadav LJP Kumar Suman Singh
176 Nalanda JD(U) Shrawan Kumar INC Gunjan Patel LJP Ram Keshwar Prasad
177 Harnaut JD(U) Harinarayan Singh INC Kundan Gupta LJP Mamta Devi
Patna District
178 Mokama JD(U) Rajiv Lochan Narayan Singh RJD Anant Kumar Singh LJP Suresh Singh Nishad
179 Barh BJP Gyanendra Kumar Singh INC Satyendra Bahadur
180 Bakhtiarpur BJP Ranvijay Singh Yadav RJD Aniruddh Kumar Yadav
181 Digha BJP Sanjeev Chaurasiya CPI(ML)L Shashi Yadav
182 Bankipur BJP Nitin Nabin INC Luv Sinha
183 Kumhrar BJP Arun Kumar Sinha RJD Dharamendra Kumar
184 Patna Sahib BJP Nand Kishore Yadav INC Parveen Khushwaha
185 Fatuha BJP Satyendra Kumar Singh RJD Rama Nand Yadav
186 Danapur BJP Asha Devi Yadav RJD Ritlal Yadav
187 Maner BJP Nikhil Anand Yadav RJD Bhai Virendra
188 Phulwari JD(U) Arun Manjhi CPI(ML)L Gopal Ravidas
189 Masaurhi JD(U) Nutan Paswan RJD Rekha Devi LJP Parshuram Kumar
190 Paliganj JD(U) Jai Vardhan Yadav CPI(ML)L Sandeep Saurav Yadav LJP Usha Vidyarthi
191 Bikram BJP Atul Kumar INC Siddharth Saurav
Bhojpur District
192 Sandesh JD(U) Vijendra Yadav RJD Kiran Devi LJP Shweta Singh
193 Barhara BJP Raghvendra Pratap Singh RJD Saroj Yadav
194 Arrah BJP Amrendra Pratap Singh CPI(ML)L Quyamuddin Ansari
195 Agiaon JD(U) Prabhunath Prasad CPI(ML)L Manoj Manzil LJP Rajeshwar Paswan
196 Tarari BJP Kaushal Kumar Singh CPI(ML)L Sudama Prasad
197 Jagdishpur JD(U) Shushumlata Kushwaha RJD Ram Vishnun Singh LJP Sri Bhagwan Singh Kushwaha
198 Shahpur BJP Munni Devi RJD Rahul Tiwari
Buxar District
199 Brahampur VIP Jairaj Chaudhary Bind RJD Shambhunath Yadav LJP Hulas Pandey
200 Buxar BJP Parshuram Chaubey INC Sanjay Kumar Tiwari
201 Dumraon JD(U) Anjum Ara CPI(ML)L Ajit Kumar Singh LJP Akhilesh Kumar Singh
202 Rajpur JD(U) Santosh Kumar Nirala INC Vishwanath Ram LJP Nirbhaya Kumar Nirala
Kaimur District
203 Ramgarh BJP Ashok Kumar Singh RJD Sudhakar Singh
204 Mohania BJP Niranjan Ram RJD Sangita Kumari
205 Bhabua BJP Rinki Rani Pandey RJD Bharat Bind
206 Chainpur BJP Brij Kishor Bind INC Prakash Kumar Singh
Rohtas District
207 Chenari JD(U) Lalan Paswan INC Murari Prasad Gautam LJP Chandra Shekhar Paswan
208 Sasaram JD(U) Ashok Kumar RJD Rajesh Kumar Gupta LJP Rameshwar Chaurasiya
209 Kargahar JD(U) Bashist Singh INC Santosh Kumar Mishra LJP Rakesh Kumar Singh
210 Dinara JD(U) Jai Kumar Singh RJD Vijay Kumar Mandal LJP Rajendra Prasad Singh
211 Nokha JD(U) Nagendra Chandravanshi RJD Anita Devi LJP Krishna Kabir
212 Dehri BJP Satyanarayan Singh Yadav RJD Phate Bahadur Singh
213 Karakat BJP Rajeshwar Raj CPI(ML)L Arun Singh
Arwal District
214 Arwal BJP Dipak Kumar Sharma CPI(ML)L Maha Nand Singh
215 Kurtha JD(U) Satyadeo Singh RJD Bagi Kumar Verma LJP Bhuwneshwar Pathak
Jehanabad District
216 Jehanabad JD(U) Krishnanandan Prasad Verma RJD Suday Yadav LJP Indu Devi Kashyap
217 Ghosi JD(U) Rahul Kumar CPI(ML)L Rambali Singh Yadav LJP Rakesh Kumar Singh
218 Makhdumpur HAM(S) Devendra Manjhi RJD Satish Kumar
Aurangabad District
219 Goh BJP Manoj Kumar Sharma RJD Bheem Kumar Yadav
220 Obra JD(U) Sunil Kumar RJD Rishi Kumar LJP Prakash Chandra
221 Nabinagar JD(U) Virendra Kumar Singh RJD Vijay Kumar Singh
(Dabloo Singh)
LJP Vijay Kumar Singh
222 Kutumba HAM(S) Shravan Bhuyan INC Rajesh Kumar LJP Sarun Paswan
223 Aurangabad BJP Ramadhar Singh INC Anand Shankar Singh
224 Rafiganj JD(U) Ashok Kumar Singh RJD Mohammad Nehaluddin LJP Manoj Kumar Singh
Gaya District
225 Gurua BJP Rajiv Nandan Dangi RJD Vinay Kumar
226 Sherghati JD(U) Vinod Prasad Yadav RJD Manju Agrawal LJP Mukesh Kumar Yadav
227 Imamganj HAM(S) Jitan Ram Manjhi RJD Uday Narayan Choudhary LJP Shobha Sinha
228 Barachatti HAM(S) Jyoti Devi RJD Samata Devi LJP Renuka Devi
229 Bodh Gaya BJP Hari Manjhi RJD Kumar Sarvjeet
230 Gaya Town BJP Prem Kumar INC Akhauri Onkar Nath
231 Tikari HAM(S) Anil Kumar INC Sumant Kumar LJP Kamlesh Sharma
232 Belaganj JD(U) Abhay Kumar Sinha RJD Surendra Prasad Yadav LJP Ramashray Sharma
233 Atri JD(U) Manorama Devi RJD Ajay Yadav LJP Arvind Kumar Singh
234 Wazirganj BJP Birendra Singh INC Shashi Shekhar Singh
Nawada District
235 Rajauli BJP Kanhaiya Kumar RJD Prakash Veer
236 Hisua BJP Anil Singh INC Nitu Kumari
237 Nawada JD(U) Kaushal Yadav RJD Vibha Devi LJP Shashi Bhusan Kumar
238 Gobindpur JD(U) Purnima Yadav RJD Mohammed Kamran LJP Ranjeet Yadav
239 Warsaliganj BJP Aruna Devi INC Satish Kumar
Jamui District
240 Sikandra HAM(S) Prafulla Manjhi INC Sudhir Kumar LJP Ravishankar Paswan
241 Jamui BJP Shreyasi Singh RJD Vijay Prakash Yadav
242 Jhajha JD(U) Damodar Rawat RJD Rajendra Yadav LJP Rabindra Yadav
243 Chakai JD(U) Sanjay Prasad RJD Savitri Devi LJP Sanjay Kumar Mandal
Source: Election Commission of India

Surveys and polls

Seat projections

Polling type Date Polling Agency Majority Ref
NDA MGB LJP Others
Exit poll
Republic-Jan Ki Baat 91-117 118-138 5-8 3-5 HUNG [79]
News 18-Today's Chanakya 55 180 - 8 58 [80][81]
Sudarshan 121 105 9 8 HUNG [82]
Times Now-CVoter 116 120 1 6 HUNG [83]
India Today/AAJ Tak-Axis My India 69-91 139-161 3-5 3-5 17-39
ABP News-CVoter 104-128 108-131 1-3 4-8 HUNG
Opinion poll 24 October 2020 ABP-CVoter 135-159 77-98 5-13 13-37 [84]
20 October 2020 India Today-Lokniti CSDS 133-143 88-98 8-16 11-21 [85]
12 October 2020 Times Now-CVoter 160 76 7 39 [86]
25 September 2020 ABP-CVoter 141-161 64-84 13-23 20–40 [87]

Vote Share

Polling type Date Polling Agency Ref
NDA MGB Others
Opinion poll 25 September 2020 ABP-Cvoter 44.8 33.2 22.0 [87]
20 October 2020 India Today-CSDS Lokniti 38 32 30 [85]
24 October 2020 ABP-Cvoter 43 35 22 [84]

Election

Polling official administering indelible ink to a voter, at a polling booth, during the first phase of the Bihar Assembly Election, at New Madhya Vidyalaya, in Gaya, Bihar on October 28, 2020.
Voters standing in the queue to cast their votes, at a polling booth, during the first phase of the Bihar Assembly Election, at New Madhya Vidyalaya, in Gaya, Bihar on October 28, 2020.

The Chief Election Commissioner of India, Sunil Arora, announced on 25 September 2020 that the Bihar assembly election will be held from 28 October 2020, in three phases for 243 constituencies.[88] Per the Election Commission of India, approximately 60 registered parties contest are to in the Bihar elections.[clarification needed][89]

The elections were conducted amid the COVID-19 pandemic with the necessary guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India.[90] The election will consist of both, virtual and physical campaigns. The authorities also passed the guidelines over limited people to be involved in the rallies. Due to Covid-19, the polling time will be increased by one hour and will now be from 7am to 6pm, except in Naxalite–Maoist insurgency affected areas.[91][92] As per guidelines, maximum number of voters per polling station was reduced from 1,500 to 1,000. Arrangements were made for 7 lakh units of hand sanitisers, 46 lakh masks, 6 lakh PPE kits, 6.7 lakh face shields, and 23 lakh single use gloves.[90]

Voting

The overall voter turnout in this election has been 57.05%, which is 0.39% more than the 56.66% in 2015 assembly polls. In these elections, a total of 59.58% female voted compared to 54.68% voter turnout of male.[93]

Phase 1

A total of 1,066 candidates, including 952 male and 114 female, contested in the first phase of elections from different constituencies.[94][95] The maximum number of candidates contesting from one constituency in the first phase was being at Gaya Town with 27 candidates and the minimum at Katoria with 5 candidates in Banka district.[95] In the constituencies voting in the first phase of elections, approximately 2.15 crore registered electors were eligible to exercise their vote, out of which around 1.12 crore were male, 1.01 crore were female and 599 were categorised as the third gender.[94][96]

The first phase of elections recorded a voter turnout of 55.68%.[97] The male and female voter turnout for the first phase was 56.8% and 54.4% respectively.[98] In the previous assembly election in 2015, the voter turnout was 54.94% for these constituencies.[97]

Phase 2

In the second phase of elections, 1463 candidates contested the elections, of which 1315 candidates were male, 147 candidates were female and 1 candidate belonged to the transgender community.[99]

The elections was held on 3rd November.[100] Voter turnout for the 2nd phase was over 55.7%.[101]

Phase 3

In the third phase of elections, 1094 male candidates and 110 female candidates contested the elections for 78 Seats, out of total 23.5 Million eligible voters for this phase total 12.3 Million were Male and 11.2 Million were female voters. [102]

The elections were held on 7th November 2020 and total Voting turnout was recorded 59.94%, which was highest among all three phases. [103]

Incidents

On 27 October 2020 a day before the first phase of the election, three improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were recovered and diffused from two different places in Imamganj area of Gaya district. [104]

On 28 October, During the Phase 1 of the election for 71 constituencies, two Improvised explosive devices (cane bombs) were recovered from the Maoist-infested Dhibra area in Aurangabad district. The bombs were diffused by the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and an alert was sounded in all Maoist-affected areas.[105]

Results

Summary

125 110 8
NDA MGB Others

NDA secured a total of 125 seats (37.26% votes) while MGB won 110 seats (37.23% votes).[106] GDSF got 6 seats, LJP & others won a seat each. [107] The Rashtriya Janata Dal won in 75 constituencies and became the largest political party in the Legislative Assembly, however its numbers reduced compared to previous election.[108] The Bharatiya Janata Party won 74 seats and was the biggest gainer in terms of number of MLAs elected as it added more than 30% to its seat count compared to the last election.[109][110] The Janata Dal (United) and Indian National Congress won in 43 and 19 constituencies respectively and dropped the most seats compared to the previous election.[111] The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) also made inroads in the state winning 5 seats.[112] All the 5 MLAs of AIMIM were elected from constituencies in the Muslim dominated Seemanchal region of the State.[113][110] The Communist parties also gained in these elections.[110] The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) won 12 seats, whereas the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Communist Party of India won 2 seats each.[114] The Vikassheel Insaan Party which contested the Assembly elections for the first time won 4 seats.[115] Sumit Kumar Singh was the only Independent candidate to win as a MLA.[116]

The constituencies with higher female turnout than male, the NDA was in lead. Out of the 125 seats that NDA won, 99 were constituencies where female turnout was more than their male counterparts.[117] About 20% of the seats, the margin of victory was less than 2.5% of the votes polled.[118] The NDA won 21 seats with a less than 2.5% vote margin, while the Mahagathbandhan won in 22 such seats.[118]

Map displaying constituencies won by parties
Alliance Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Contested Won +/−
NDA BJP 8,201,408 19.46% Decrease4.96% 110 74 Increase 21
JDU 6,484,414 15.39% Decrease1.44% 115 43 Decrease 28
VIP 639,840 1.52% Increase1.52% 11 4 Increase 4
HAM 375,564 0.89% Decrease1.41% 7 4 Increase 3
MGB RJD 9,736,242 23.11% Increase4.79% 144 75 Decrease 5
INC 3,995,003 9.48% Increase2.82% 70 19 Decrease 8
CPI-ML 1,333,569 3.16% Increase1.66% 19 12 Increase 9
CPI 349,489 0.83% Decrease0.57% 6 2 Increase 2
CPM 274,155 0.65% Increase0.05% 4 2 Increase 2
GDSF AIMIM 523,279 1.24% Increase1.03% 20 5 Increase 5
BSP 628,944 1.49% Decrease0.60% 80 1 Increase 1
RLSP 744,221 1.77% Decrease0.82% 104 0 Decrease 2
SJDD N/A N/A N/A 25 0 N/A
SBSP N/A N/A N/A 5 0 N/A
JP-S N/A N/A N/A 5 0 N/A
None LJP 2,383,457 5.66% Increase0.77% 134 1 Decrease 1
SS 20,195 0.05% Decrease0.51% 23 0 N/A
NCP 94,835 0.23% Decrease0.26% 145 0 N/A
JMM 25,213 0.06% Decrease0.22% 7 0 N/A
IND N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 Decrease 3
NOTA (NOTA) 706,252 1.68% Decrease0.82% Steady Steady Steady
Total 4,21,37,619 100.00 243
Valid votes N/A N/A
Invalid votes N/A N/A
Votes cast / turnout N/A N/A
Abstentions N/A N/A
Registered voters N/A N/A

Results by District Wise

In districts adjoining Uttar Pradesh, the BJP performed better than the Mahagathbandhan, however JDU's seats declined.[119] The NDA won in majority of the constituencies in the Champaran region.[120]

District Total
NDA MGB Other
West Champaran 9 8 1 0
East Champaran 12 9 3 0
Sheohar 1 0 1 0
Sitamarhi 8 6 2 0
Madhubani 10 8 2 0
Supaul 5 5 0 0
Araria 6 4 1 1
Kishanganj 4 0 2 2
Purnia 7 4 1 2
Katihar 7 4 3 0
Madhepura 4 2 2 0
Saharsa 4 3 1 0
Darbhanga 10 9 1 0
Muzaffarpur 11 6 5 0
Gopalganj 6 4 2 0
Siwan 8 2 6 0
Saran 10 3 7 0
Vaishali 8 4 4 0
Samastipur 10 5 5 0
Begusarai 7 2 4 1
Khagaria 4 2 2 0
Bhagalpur 7 5 2 0
Banka 5 4 1 0
Munger 3 2 1 0
Lakhisarai 2 1 1 0
Sheikhpura 2 1 1 0
Nalanda 7 6 1 0
Patna 14 5 9 0
Bhojpur 7 2 5 0
Buxar 4 0 4 0
Kaimur 4 0 3 1
Rohtas 7 0 7 0
Arwal 2 0 2 0
Jehanabad 3 0 3 0
Aurangabad 6 0 6 0
Gaya 10 5 5 0
Nawada 5 1 4 0
Jamui 4 3 0 1
Total 243 125 110 8

Results by Constituency

Results
Assembly Constituency Turnout
(%)
Winner Runner Up Margin Voting On
# Name Candidate Party Votes % Candidate Party Votes %
West Champaran District
1 Valmiki Nagar Dhirendra Pratap Singh JD(U) 74906 38.32 Rajesh Singh INC 53321 27.28 21585 07.11.2020
2 Ramnagar Bhagirathi Devi BJP 75423 39.57 Rajesh Ram INC 59627 31.28 15796
3 Narkatiaganj Rashmi Verma BJP 75484 45.85 Vinay Verma INC 54350 33.02 21134
4 Bagaha Ram Singh BJP 90013 49.51 Jayesh Mangalam Singh INC 59993 33 30020
5 Lauriya Vinay Bihari BJP 77927 49.48 Shambhu Tiwari RJD 48923 31.06 29004
6 Nautan Narayan Prasad BJP 78657 46.97 Sheikh Mohammad Kamran INC 52761 31.51 25896 03.11.2020
7 Chanpatia Umakant Singh BJP 83828 47.69 Abhishek Ranjan INC 70359 40.03 13469
8 Bettiah Renu Devi BJP 84496 52.83 Madan Mohan Tiwari INC 66417 41.53 18079
9 Sikta Birendra Prasad Gupta CPI(ML)L 49075 28.85 Dilip Varma IND 46773 27.5 2302 07.11.2020
East Champaran District
10 Raxaul Pramod Kumar Sinha BJP 80979 45.6 Rambabu Prasad Yadav INC 44056 24.81 36923 07.11.2020
11 Sugauli Shashi Bhushan Singh RJD 65267 38.26 Ramchandra Sahani VIP 61820 36.24 3447
12 Narkatiya Shamim Ahmad RJD 85562 46.69 Shyam Bihari Prashad JD(U) 57771 31.53 27791
13 Harsidhi Krishnanandan Paswan BJP 84615 49.71 Kumar Nagendra Bihari RJD 68930 40.5 15685 03.11.2020
14 Govindganj Sunil Mani Tiwari BJP 65544 43.22 Brajesh Kumar INC 37620 24.81 27924
15 Kesaria Shalini Mishra JD(U) 40219 26.59 Santosh Kushwha RJD 30992 20.49 9227
16 Kalyanpur Manoj Kumar Yadav RJD 72819 45.35 Sachindra Prasad Singh BJP 71626 44.61 1193
17 Pipra Shyambabu Prasad Yadav BJP 88587 44.18 Rajmangal Prashad CPI(M) 80410 40.1 8177
18 Madhuban Rana Randhir Singh BJP 73179 47.69 Madan Prasad RJD 67301 43.86 5878
19 Motihari Pramod Kumar BJP 92733 49.44 Om Prakash Chaudhary RJD 78088 41.63 14645 07.11.2020
20 Chiraia Lal Babu Prasad Gupta BJP 62904 37.62 Achchhelal Prasad RJD 46030 27.53 16874
21 Dhaka Pawan Kumar Jaiswal BJP 99792 48.01 Faisal Rahman RJD 89678 43.15 10114
Sheohar District
22 Sheohar Chetan Anand Singh RJD 73143 42.69 Sharfuddin JD(U) 36457 21.28 36686 03.11.2020
Sitamarhi District
23 Riga Moti Lal Prasad BJP 95226 53.07 Amit Kumar INC 62731 34.96 32495 07.11.2020
24 Bathnaha Anil Kumar BJP 92648 54.15 Sanjay Ram INC 45830 26.79 46818
25 Parihar Gayatri Devi BJP 73420 42.52 Ritu Jaiswal RJD 71851 41.61 1569
26 Sursand Dilip Ray JD(U) 67193 38.63 Syed Abu Dojana RJD 58317 33.53 8876
27 Bajpatti Mukesh Kumar Yadav RJD 71483 40.21 Ranju Geeta JD(U) 68779 38.69 2704
28 Sitamarhi Mithilesh Kumar BJP 90236 49.9 Sunil Kumar RJD 78761 43.55 11475 03.11.2020
29 Runnisaidpur Pankaj Kumar Mishra JD(U) 73205 47.96 Mangita Devi RJD 48576 31.83 24629
30 Belsand Sanjay Kumar Gupta RJD 49682 35.71 Sunita Singh Chauhan JD(U) 35997 25.87 13685
Madhubani District
31 Harlakhi Sudanshu Shekhar JD(U) 60393 36.1 Ram Naresh Pandey CPI 42800 25.58 17593 07.11.2020
32 Benipatti Vinod Narayan Jha BJP 78862 50.63 Bhawana Jha INC 46210 29.67 32652
33 Khajauli Arun Shankar Prasad BJP 83161 44.51 Sitaram Yadav RJD 60472 32.37 22689
34 Babubarhi Mina Kumari JD(U) 77367 40.39 Uma Kant Yadav RJD 65879 34.39 11488
35 Bisfi Haribhushan Thakur BJP 86574 48.43 Faiyaz Ahmad RJD 76333 42.7 10241
36 Madhubani Samir Kumar Mahaseth RJD 71332 38 Suman Kumar Mahaseth VIP 64518 34.37 6814 03.11.2020
37 Rajnagar Ramprit Paswan BJP 89459 51.42 Ramawatar Paswan RJD 70338 40.43 19121
38 Jhanjharpur Nitish Mishra BJP 94854 52.47 Ram Narayan Yadav CPI 53066 29.36 41788
39 Phulparas Sheela Kumari Mandal JD(U) 75116 41.26 Kripanath Pathak INC 64150 35.24 10966
40 Laukaha Bharat Bhushan Mandal RJD 78523 37.57 Lakshmeshwar Ray JD(U) 68446 32.75 10077 07.11.2020
Supaul district
41 Nirmali Aniruddha Prasad Yadav JD(U) 92439 49.33 Yadubansh Kumar Yadav RJD 48517 25.89 43922 07.11.2020
42 Pipra Ramvilas Kamat JD(U) 82388 45.35 Vishwa Mohan Kumar RJD 63143 34.76 19245
43 Supaul Bijendra Prasad Yadav JD(U) 86174 50.2 Minnatullah Rahmani INC 58075 33.83 28099
44 Triveniganj Veena Bharti JD(U) 79458 44.84 Santosh Kumar RJD 76427 43.13 3031
45 Chhatapur Neeraj Kumar Singh BJP 93755 46.39 Vipin Kumar Singh RJD 73120 36.18 20635
Araria District
46 Narpatganj Jai Prakash Yadav BJP 98397 49.06 Anil Kumar Yadav RJD 69787 34.79 28610 07.11.2020
47 Raniganj Achmit Rishidev JD(U) 81901 44.12 Avinash Mangalam RJD 79597 42.88 2304
48 Forbesganj Vidya Sagar Keshri BJP 102212 49.53 Zakir Hussain Khan INC 82510 39.98 19702
49 Araria Avidur Rahman INC 103054 54.84 Shagufta Azim JD(U) 55118 29.33 47936
50 Jokihat Shahnawaz Alam AIMIM 59596 34.22 Sarfaraz Alam RJD 52213 29.98 7383
51 Sikti Vijay Kumar Mandal BJP 84128 46.92 Shatrughan Prasad Suman RJD 70518 39.33 13610
Kishanganj District
52 Bahadurganj Md. Anzar Nayeemi AIMIM 85855 49.77 Lakhan Lal Pandit VIP 40640 23.56 45215 07.11.2020
53 Thakurganj Saud Alam RJD 79909 41.48 Gopal Kumar Aggarwal IND 56022 29.08 23887
54 Kishanganj Ijaharul Hussain INC 61078 34.2 Sweety Singh BJP 59967 33.42 1381
55 Kochadhaman Muhammad Izhar Asfi AIMIM 79893 49.45 Mujahid Alam JD(U) 43750 27.08 36143
Purnia District
56 Amour Akhtarul Iman AIMIM 94459 51.17 Saba Zafar JD(U) 41944 22.72 52515 07.11.2020
57 Baisi Syed Ruknuddin Ahmad AIMIM 68416 38.27 Binod Kumar BJP 52043 29.11 16373
58 Kasba Md. Afaque Alam INC 77410 41.12 Pradeep Kumar Das LJP 60132 31.94 17278
59 Banmankhi Krishna Kumar Rishi BJP 93594 51.74 Upendra Sharma RJD 65851 36.41 27743
60 Rupauli Bima Bharti JD(U) 64324 34.52 Shankar Singh LJP 44994 24.15 19330
61 Dhamdaha Leshi Singh JD(U) 97057 48.5 Dilip Kumar Yadav RJD 63463 31.71 33594
62 Purnia Vijay Kumar Khemka BJP 97757 52.78 Indu Sinha INC 65603 35.42 32154
Katihar District
63 Katihar Tarkishore Prasad BJP 82669 48.47 Ram Prakash Mahto RJD 72150 42.3 10519 07.11.2020
64 Kadwa Shakeel Ahmad Khan INC 71267 42 Chandra Bhushan Thakur LJP 38865 22.9 32402
65 Balrampur Mahbub Alam CPI(ML)L 104489 51.11 Barun Kumar Jha VIP 50892 24.89 53597
66 Pranpur Nisha Singh BJP 79974 39.97 Tauquir Alam INC 77002 38.48 2972
67 Manihari Manohar Prasad Singh INC 83032 45.81 Shambhu Kumar Suman JD(U) 61823 34.11 21209
68 Barari Bijay Singh JD(U) 81752 41.71 Neeraj Kumar RJD 71314 39 10438
69 Korha Kavita Devi BJP 104625 53.31 Punam Kumari INC 75682 38.56 28943
Madhepura District
70 Alamnagar Narendra Narayan Yadav JD(U) 102517 48.17 Nabin Kumar RJD 73837 34.69 28680 07.11.2020
71 Bihariganj Niranjan Kumar Mehta JD(U) 81531 43.63 Subhashini Bundela INC 62820 33.61 18711
72 Singheshwar Chandrahas Chaupal RJD 86181 45.13 Ramesh Rishidev JD(U) 80608 42.21 5573
73 Madhepura Chandra Shekhar RJD 79839 39.24 Nikhil Mandal JD(U) 64767 31.83 15072
Saharsa District
74 Sonbarsha Ratnesh Sada JD(U) 67678 40.2 Tarni Rishideo INC 54212 32.2 13466 07.11.2020
75 Saharsa Alok Ranjan BJP 103538 45.59 Lovely Anand RJD 83859 36.93 19679
76 Simri Bakhtiarpur Yusuf Salahuddin RJD 75684 38.48 Mukesh Sahani VIP 73925 37.58 1759
77 Mahishi Gunjeshwar Sah JD(U) 66316 37.83 Gautam Krishna RJD 64686 36.9 1630
Darbhanga District
78 Kusheshwar Asthan Shashibhushan Hajari JD(U) 53980 39.55 Ashok Kumar INC 46758 34.26 7222 03.11.2020
79 Gaura Bauram Swarna Singh VIP 59538 41.26 Afzal Ali Khan RJD 52258 36.21 7280
80 Benipur Binay Kumar Choudhary JD(U) 61416 37.58 Mithilesh Kumar Choudhary INC 54826 33.55 6590
81 Alinagar Mishri Lal Yadav VIP 61082 38.62 Binod Mishra RJD 57981 36.66 3101
82 Darbhanga Rural Lalit Kumar Yadav RJD 64929 41.26 Faraz Fatmi JD(U) 62788 39.9 2141
83 Darbhanga Sanjay Saraogi BJP 84144 49.32 Amarnath Gami RJD 73505 43.08 10639 07.11.2020
84 Hayaghat Ram Chandra Prasad BJP 67030 46.86 Bhola Yadav RJD 56778 39.69 10252
85 Bahadurpur Madan Sahni JD(U) 68538 38.5 Ramesh Choudhary RJD 65909 37.03 2629
86 Keoti Murari Mohan Jha BJP 76372 46.75 Abdul Bari Siddiqui RJD 71246 43.61 5126
87 Jale Jibesh Kumar BJP 87376 51.66 Maskoor Ahmad Usmani INC 65580 38.78 21796
Muzaffarpur District
88 Gaighat Niranjan Roy RJD 59778 32.92 Maheshwar Pd Yadav JD(U) 52212 28.75 7566 07.11.2020
89 Aurai Ram Surat Kumar BJP 90479 52.33 Md. Aftab Alam CPI(ML)L 42613 24.65 47866
90 Minapur Rajeev Kumar RJD 60018 33.51 Manoj Kumar JD(U) 44506 24.85 15512 03.11.2020
91 Bochahan Musafir Paswan VIP 77837 42.62 Ramai Ram RJD 66569 36.45 11268 07.11.2020
92 Sakra Ashok Kumar Choudhary JD(U) 67265 40.25 Umesh Kumar Ram INC 65728 39.33 1537
93 Kurhani Anil Kumar Sahni RJD 78549 40.23 Kedar Prasad Gupta BJP 77837 39.86 712
94 Muzaffarpur Bijendra Chaudhary INC 81871 48.16 Suresh Kumar Sharma BJP 75545 44.44 6326
95 Kanti Md. Israil Mansuri RJD 64458 32.89 Ajit Kumar IND 54144 27.63 10314 03.11.2020
96 Baruraj Arun Kumar Singh BJP 87407 49.47 Nand Kumar Rai RJD 43753 24.76 43654
97 Paroo Ashok Kumar Singh BJP 77392 40.92 Shankar Prasad IND 62694 33.15 14698
98 Sahebganj Raju Kumar Singh VIP 81203 44.25 Ram Vichar Ray RJD 65870 35.9 15333
Gopalganj District
99 Baikunthpur Prem Shankar Prasad RJD 67807 37.01 Mithlesh Tiwari BJP 56694 30.95 11113 03.11.2020
100 Barauli Rampravesh Rai BJP 81956 46.55 Reyazul Haque Raju RJD 67801 38.51 14155
101 Gopalganj Subash Singh BJP 77791 43.49 Anirudh Prasad BSP 41039 22.94 36752
102 Kuchaikote Amrendra Kumar Pandey JD(U) 74359 41.19 Kali Prasad Pandey INC 53729 29.76 20630
103 Bhore Sunil Kumar JD(U) 74067 40.5 Jitendra Paswan CPI(ML)L 73605 40.25 462
104 Hathua Rajesh Kumar Singh RJD 86731 49.84 Ramsewak Singh JD(U) 56204 32.29 30527
Siwan District
105 Siwan Awadh Bihari Choudhary RJD 76785 45.3 Om Prakash Yadav BJP 74812 44.13 1973 03.11.2020
106 Ziradei Amarjeet Kushwaha CPI(ML)L 69442 48.11 Kamala Singh JD(U) 43932 30.44 25510
107 Darauli Satyadeo Ram CPI(ML)L 81067 50.5 Ramayan Manjhi BJP 68948 42.95 12119
108 Raghunathpur Hari Shankar Yadav RJD 67757 42.66 Manoj Kumar Singh LJP 49792 31.35 17965
109 Daraunda Karanjeet Singh BJP 71934 44.09 Amar Nath Yadav CPI(ML)L 60614 37.15 11320
110 Barharia Bachcha Pandey RJD 71793 41.62 Shyam Bahadur Singh JD(U) 68234 39.55 3559
111 Goriakothi Devesh Kant Singh BJP 87368 45.66 Nutan Devi RJD 75477 39.45 11891
112 Maharajganj Vijay Shanker Dubey INC 48825 30.07 Hem Narayan Sah JD(U) 46849 28.86 1976
Saran District
113 Ekma Srikant Yadav RJD 53875 35.05 Sita Devi JD(U) 39948 25.99 13927 03.11.2020
114 Manjhi Satyendra Yadav CPI(M) 59324 37.56 Rana Pratap Singh IND 33938 21.49 25386
115 Baniapur Kedar Nath Singh RJD 65194 38.74 Virendra Kumar Ojha VIP 37405 22.23 27789
116 Taraiya Janak Singh BJP 53430 32.15 Sipahi Lal Mahto RJD 42123 25.35 11307
117 Marhaura Jitendra Kumar Ray RJD 59812 39.44 Altaf Alam JD(U) 48427 31.93 11385
118 Chapra C N Gupta BJP 75710 44.97 Randhir Kumar Singh RJD 68939 40.95 6771
119 Garkha Surendra Ram RJD 83412 47.21 Gyanchand Manjhi BJP 73475 41.59 9937
120 Amnour Krishan Kumar Mantoo BJP 63316 42.29 Sunil Kumar RJD 59635 39.83 3681
121 Parsa Chhote Lal Ray RJD 68316 44.36 Chandrika Roy JD(U) 51023 33.13 17293
122 Sonepur Ramanuj Prasad Yadav RJD 73247 43.11 Vinay Kumar Singh BJP 66561 39.18 6686
Vaishali District
123 Hajipur Awadhesh Singh BJP 85552 44.55 Deo Kumar Chaurasia RJD 82562 42.99 2990 03.11.2020
124 Lalganj Sanjay Kumar Singh BJP 70750 36.88 Rakesh Kumar INC 44451 23.17 26299
125 Vaishali Siddharth Patel JD(U) 69780 35.96 Sanjeev Singh INC 62367 32.14 7413
126 Mahua Mukesh Kumar Raushan RJD 62580 36.45 Ashma Parveen JD(U) 48893 28.48 13687 07.11.2020
127 Raja Pakar Pratima Kumari INC 54299 35.67 Mahendra Ram JD(U) 52503 34.49 1796 03.11.2020
128 Raghopur Tejashwi Yadav RJD 97404 48.74 Satish Kumar BJP 59230 29.64 38174
129 Mahnar Bina Singh RJD 61721 37.34 Umesh Singh Kushwaha JD(U) 53774 32.54 7947
130 Patepur Lakhendra Kumar Raushan BJP 86509 52.15 Shiv Chandra Ram RJD 60670 36.57 25839 07.11.2020
Samastipur District
131 Kalyanpur Maheshwar Hazari JD(U) 72279 38.46 Ranjeet Kumar Ram CPI(ML)L 62028 33 10251 07.11.2020
132 Warisnagar Ashok Kumar JD(U) 68356 35.97 Phoolbabu Singh CPI(ML)L 54555 28.71 13801
133 Samastipur Akhtarul Islam Sahin RJD 68507 41.21 Ashwamedh Devi JD(U) 63793 38.37 4714
134 Ujiarpur Alok Kumar Mehta RJD 90601 48.81 Sheel Kumar Roy BJP 67333 36.27 23268 03.11.2020
135 Morwa Ranvijay Sahu RJD 59554 37.06 Vidyasagar Singh Nishad JD(U) 48883 30.42 10671 07.11.2020
136 Sarairanjan Vijay Kumar Chaudhary JD(U) 72666 42.48 Arvind Kumar Sahni RJD 69042 40.36 3624
137 Mohiuddinnagar Rajesh Kumar Singh BJP 70385 47.51 Ejya Yadav RJD 55271 37.31 15114 03.11.2020
138 Bibhutipur Ajay Kumar CPI(M) 73822 45 Ram Balak Singh JD(U) 33326 20.31 40496
139 Rosera Birendra Kumar BJP 87163 47.93 Nagendra Kumar Vikal INC 51419 28.27 35744
140 Hasanpur Tej Pratap Yadav RJD 80991 47.27 Raj Kumar Ray JD(U) 59852 34.93 21139
Begusarai District
141 Cheria-Bariarpur Raj Banshi Mahto RJD 68635 45.22 Manju Verma JD(U) 27738 18.27 40897 03.11.2020
142 Bachhwara Surendra Mehata BJP 54738 30.21 Abdhesh Kumar Rai CPI 54254 29.94 484
143 Teghra Ram Ratan Singh CPI 85229 49.8 Birendra Kumar JD(U) 37250 21.77 47979
144 Matihani Raj Kumar Singh LJP 61364 29.64 Narendra Kumar Singh JD(U) 61031 29.48 333
145 Sahebpur Kamal Satanand Sambuddha RJD 64888 41.45 Shashikant Kumar Shashi JD(U) 50663 32.36 14225
146 Begusarai Kundan Kumar BJP 74217 39.66 Amita Bhushan INC 69663 37.23 4554
147 Bakhri Suryakant Paswan CPI 72177 44.14 Ramshankar Paswan BJP 71400 43.67 777
Khagaria District
148 Alauli Ramvriksh Sada RJD 47183 32.69 Sadhna Devi JD(U) 44410 30.77 2773 03.11.2020
149 Khagaria Chhatrapati Yadav INC 46980 31.14 Poonam Devi Yadav JD(U) 43980 29.15 3000
150 Beldaur Panna Lal Singh Patel JD(U) 56541 31.95 Chandan Kumar INC 51433 29.06 5108
151 Parbatta Sanjeev Kumar JD(U) 77226 41.61 Digambar Prasad Tiwary RJD 76275 41.1 951
Bhagalpur District
152 Bihpur Kumar Shailendra BJP 72938 48.53 Shailesh Kumar Mandal RJD 66809 44.45 6129 03.11.2020
153 Gopalpur Narendra Kumar Niraj JD(U) 75533 46.39 Shailesh Kumar RJD 51072 31.37 24461
154 Pirpainti Lalan Kumar BJP 96229 48.54 Ram Vilash Paswan RJD 69210 34.91 27019
155 Kahalgaon Pawan Kumar Yadav BJP 115538 56.23 Shubhanand Mukesh INC 72645 35.36 42893 28.10.2020
156 Bhagalpur Ajeet Sharma INC 65502 40.52 Rohit Pandey BJP 64389 39.83 1113 03.11.2020
157 Sultanganj Lalit Narayan Mandal JD(U) 72823 42.58 Lalan Kumar INC 61258 35.82 11565 28.10.2020
158 Nathnagar Ali Ashraf Siddiqui RJD 78832 40.41 Lakshmikant Mandal JD(U) 71076 36.44 7756 03.11.2020
Banka District
159 Amarpur Jayant Raj JD(U) 54308 33.13 Jitendra Singh INC 51194 31.23 3114 28.10.2020
160 Dhoraiya Bhudeo Choudhary RJD 78646 43.74 Manish Kumar JD(U) 75959 42.24 2687
161 Banka Ramnarayan Mandal BJP 69762 43.8 Javed Iqbal Ansari RJD 52934 33.24 16828
162 Katoria Nikki Hembrom BJP 74785 47.01 Sweety Sima Hembram RJD 68364 42.98 6421
163 Belhar Manoj Yadav JD(U) 73589 40.16 Ramdeo Yadav RJD 71116 38.81 2473
Munger District
164 Tarapur Mewa Lal Choudhary JD(U) 64468 36.93 Divya Prakash RJD 57243 32.8 7225 28.10.2020
165 Munger Pranav Kumar BJP 75573 45.74 Avinash Kumar Vidhyarthi RJD 74329 44.99 1244
166 Jamalpur Ajay Kumar Singh INC 57196 37.65 Shailesh Kumar JD(U) 52764 34.73 4432
Lakhisarai District
167 Surajgarha Prahlad Yadav RJD 62306 32.82 Ramanand Mandal JD(U) 52717 27.77 9589 28.10.2020
168 Lakhisarai Vijay Kumar Sinha BJP 74212 38.2 Amaresh Kumar INC 63729 32.8 10483
Sheikhpura District
169 Sheikhpura Vijay Kumar RJD 56365 39.02 Randhir Kumar Soni JD(U) 50249 34.78 6116 28.10.2020
170 Barbigha Sudarshan Kumar JD(U) 39878 33.19 Gajanand Shahi INC 39765 33.09 113
Nalanda District
171 Asthawan Jitendra Kumar JD(U) 51525 35.75 Anil Kumar RJD 39925 27.7 11600 03.11.2020
172 Biharsharif Sunil Kumar BJP 81888 44.55 Sunil Kumar RJD 66786 36.34 15102
173 Rajgir Kaushal Kishore JD(U) 67191 42.58 Ravi Jyoti Kumar INC 51143 32.41 16048
174 Islampur Rakesh Kumar Roushan RJD 68088 41.65 Chandra Sen Prasad JD(U) 64390 39.39 3698
175 Hilsa Krishnamurari Sharan JD(U) 61848 37.35 Shakti Singh Yadav RJD 61836 37.35 12
176 Nalanda Shrawon Kumar JD(U) 66066 38.97 Kaushlendra Kumar JVP 49989 29.48 16077
177 Harnaut Hari Narayan Singh JD(U) 65404 41.24 Mamta Devi LJP 38163 24.06 27241
Patna District
178 Mokama Anant Kumar Singh RJD 78721 52.99 Rajeev Lochan Narayan Singh JD(U) 42964 28.92 35757 28.10.2020
179 Barh Gyanendra Kumar Singh BJP 49327 32.94 Satyendra Bahadur INC 39087 26.1 10240
180 Bakhtiarpur Aniruddh Kumar Yadav RJD 89483 52.17 Ranvijay Singh Yadav BJP 68811 40.12 20672 03.11.2020
181 Digha Sanjeev Chaurasiya BJP 97044 57.09 Shashi Yadav CPI(ML)L 50971 29.98 46073
182 Bankipur Nitin Nabin BJP 83068 59.05 Luv Sinha INC 44032 31.3 39036
183 Kumhrar Arun Kumar Sinha BJP 81400 54 Dharamendra Kumar RJD 54937 36.44 26463
184 Patna Sahib Nand Kishore Yadav BJP 97692 51.91 Pravin Singh INC 79392 42.19 18300
185 Fatuha Rama Nand Yadav RJD 85769 50.87 Satyendra Kumar Singh BJP 66399 39.38 19370
186 Danapur Ritlal Yadav RJD 89895 48.44 Asha Devi BJP 73971 39.86 15924
187 Maner Bhai Virendra RJD 94223 47.44 Nikhil Anand BJP 61306 30.86 32917
188 Phulwari Gopal Ravidas CPI(ML)L 91124 43.57 Arun Manjhi JD(U) 77267 36.95 13857
189 Masaurhi Rekha Devi RJD 98696 50.21 Nutan Paswan JD(U) 66469 33.81 32227 28.10.2020
190 Paliganj Sandeep Saurav CPI(ML)L 67917 43.73 Jai Vardhan Yadav JD(U) 37002 23.83 30915
191 Bikram Siddharth Saurav INC 86177 47.71 Anil Kumar IND 50717 28.08 35460
Bhojpur District
192 Sandesh Kiran Devi RJD 79599 51.54 Vijayendra Yadav JD(U) 28992 18.77 50607 28.10.2020
193 Barhara Raghvendra Pratap Singh BJP 76182 46.15 Saroj Yadav RJD 71209 43.13 4973
194 Arrah Amrendra Pratap Singh BJP 71781 45.05 Quyamuddin Ansari CPI(ML)L 68779 43.17 3002
195 Agiaon Manoj Manzil CPI(ML)L 86327 61.39 Prabhunath Prasad JD(U) 37777 26.87 48550
196 Tarari Sudama Prasad CPI(ML)L 73945 43.53 Narendra Kumar Pandey IND 62930 37.05 11015
197 Jagdishpur Ram Vishnun Singh RJD 66632 39.68 Sribhagwan Singh Khushvaha LJP 44525 26.51 22107
198 Shahpur Rahul Tiwari RJD 64393 41.14 Shobha Devi IND 41510 26.52 22883
Buxar District
199 Brahampur Shambhu Nath Singh Yadav RJD 90176 48.64 Hulas Pandey LJP 39035 21.05 51141 28.10.2020
200 Buxar Sanjay Kumar Tiwari INC 59417 36.38 Parshuram Chaubey BJP 55525 33.99 3892
201 Dumraon Ajit Kumar Singh CPI(ML)L 71320 40.76 Anjum Ara JD(U) 46905 26.81 24415
202 Rajpur Vishwanath Ram INC 67871 36.76 Santosh Kumar Nirala JD(U) 46667 25.28 21204
Kaimur District
203 Ramgarh Sudhakar Singh RJD 58083 32.4 Ambika Singh Yadav BSP 57894 32.3 189 28.10.2020
204 Mohania Sangita Kumari RJD 61235 37.84 Niranjan Ram BJP 49181 30.39 12054
205 Bhabua Bharat Bind RJD 57561 32.98 Rinki Rani Pandey BJP 47516 27.22 10045
206 Chainpur Mohd Zama Khan BSP 95245 46.24 Brij Kishor Bind BJP 70951 34.45 24294
Rohtas District
207 Chenari Murari Prasad Gautham INC 71701 41.25 Lalan Paswan JD(U) 53698 30.89 18003 28.10.2020
208 Sasaram Rajesh Kumar Gupta RJD 83303 46.54 Ashok Kumar JD(U) 56880 31.78 26423
209 Kargahar Santhosh Kumar Mishra INC 59763 30.76 Bashishth Singh JD(U) 55680 28.66 4083
210 Dinara Vijay Kumar Mandal RJD 59541 34.97 Rajendra Prasad Singh LJP 51313 30.13 8228
211 Nokha Anita Devi RJD 65690 44.15 Nagendra Chandrawansi JD(U) 48018 32.27 17672
212 Dehri Phate Bahadur Singh RJD 64567 41.57 Satya Narayan Singh BJP 64103 41.27 464
213 Karakat Arun Singh CPI(ML)L 82700 48.19 Rajeshwar Raj BJP 64511 37.59 18189
Arwal District
214 Arwal Maha Nand Singh CPI(ML)L 68286 47.18 Dipak Kumar Sharma BJP 48336 33.4 19950 28.10.2020
215 Kurtha Bagi Kumar Verma RJD 54227 39.54 Satyadeo Singh JD(U) 26417 19.26 27810
Jehanabad District
216 Jehanabad Suday Yadav RJD 75030 47.03 Krishannandan Prasad Verma JD(U) 41128 25.78 33902 28.10.2020
217 Ghosi Ram Bali Singh Yadav CPI(ML)L 74712 49.07 Rahul Kumar JD(U) 57379 37.68 17333
218 Makhdumpur Satish Kumar RJD 71571 52.01 Devendra Kumar HAM(S) 49006 35.62 22565
Aurangabad District
219 Goh Bhim Kumar Singh RJD 81410 44.07 Manoj Kumar BJP 45792 24.79 35618 28.10.2020
220 Obra Rishi Kumar RJD 63662 36.24 Prakash Chandra LJP 40994 23.34 22668
221 Nabinagar Vijay Kumar Singh RJD 64943 40.68 Virendra Kumar Singh JD(U) 44822 28.07 20121
222 Kutumba Rajesh Kumar INC 50822 36.61 Sharwan Bhuiya HAM(S) 34169 24.61 16,653
223 Aurangabad Anand Shankar Singh INC 70018 41.27 Ramadhar Singh BJP 67775 39.95 2243
224 Rafiganj MD Nehaluddin RJD 63325 34.22 Pramod Kumar Singh IND 53896 29.12 9429
Gaya District
225 Gurua Vinay Kumar RJD 70761 39.55 Rajiv Nandan BJP 64162 35.86 6599 28.10.2020
226 Sherghati Manju Agrawal RJD 61804 35.74 Vinod Prasad Yadav JD(U) 45114 26.09 16690
227 Imamganj Jitan Ram Manjhi HAM(S) 78762 45.36 Uday Narayan Choudhary RJD 62728 36.12 16034
228 Barachatti Jyoti Devi HAM(S) 72491 39.21 Samata Devi RJD 66173 35.79 6318
229 Bodh Gaya Kumar Sarvjeet RJD 80926 41.84 Hari Manjhi BJP 76218 39.4 4708
230 Gaya Town Prem Kumar BJP 66932 49.89 Akhauri Onkar Nath INC 55034 41.02 11898
231 Tikari Anil Kumar HAM(S) 70359 37.69 Sumant Kumar INC 67729 36.28 2630
232 Belaganj Surendra Prasad Yadav RJD 79708 46.91 Abhay Kumar Sinha JD(U) 55745 32.81 23963
233 Atri Ajay Yadav RJD 62658 36.55 Manorama Devi JD(U) 54727 31.93 7931
234 Wazirganj Birendra Singh BJP 70713 40.23 Shashi Shekhar Singh INC 48283 27.47 22430
Nawada District
235 Rajauli Prakash Veer RJD 69984 41.72 Kanhaiya Kumar BJP 57391 34.22 12593 28.10.2020
236 Hisua Nitu Kumari INC 94930 49.81 Anil Singh BJP 77839 40.84 17,091
237 Nawada Vibha Devi RJD 72345 40.06 Sharwan Kumar IND 46125 25.51 26220
238 Gobindpur Md Kamran RJD 79557 49.21 Purnima Yadav JD(U) 46483 28.75 33074
239 Warsaliganj Aruna Devi BJP 62451 36.49 Satish Kumar INC 53421 31.22 9030
Jamui District
240 Sikandra Prafull Kumar Manjhi HAM(S) 47061 30.67 Sudhir Kumar INC 41556 27.09 5505 28.10.2020
241 Jamui Shreyasi Singh BJP 79603 43.89 Vijay Prakash Yadav RJD 38554 21.26 41049
242 Jhajha Damodar Rawat JD(U) 76972 39.55 Rajendra Prasad RJD 75293 38.69 1679
243 Chakai Sumit Kumar Singh IND 45548 24.02 Savitri Devi RJD 44967 23.71 581

NDA distribution of 125 seats for majority in 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.

  BJP-74 (59.2%)
  JDU-43 (34.4%)
  HAM-4 (3.2%)
  VIP-4 (3.2%)

Aftermath

Government formation

After the election process concluded, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar tendered his resignation to the Governor on 13th November 2020.[121] The National Democratic Alliance members met at around 12:30 pm IST, on 15th November to formally announce and elect the new Chief Minister.[121][122] Nitish Kumar was elected leader of the NDA and Chief Minister in the meeting.[123] After being elected as the NDA leader in Bihar, Nitish said that he did not want to become the chief minister of the state and wanted someone from the BJP party to become the next chief minister. However he accepted the designation on insistation of the BJP.[124] Soon after, Nitish visited the Governor to stake claim to form the new government.[125]

Reactions and analysis

After the election results were announced, the incumbent Chief Minister of Bihar Nitish Kumar thanked the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi for his contribution and support to the National Democratic Alliance in the election campaign.[126] Narendra Modi himself declared victory and quoted “Democracy has once again won in Bihar.”[127][128]

Following the results, Tejashwi claimed to have "won 130 seats" and that "the mandate was in our favour, but the Election Commission’s results were declared in favour of NDA". He claimed, without evidence, that the MGB "lost about 20 seats" because of "irregularities" in counting of postal ballots [129] and threatened to move court.[130][131] The Election Commission termed the claims unfounded, adding that, according to procedure, the postal ballots including the invalid ones were re-verified where the margin of victory was less than the number of rejected ballots.[132][133] Tejashwi also claimed, without evidence, that NDA won by "money, muscle power and deceit".[134][135]

The Time magazine called the victory as a triumph for Modi's "Hindu Nationalist Message".[136] According to analysts BJP has become more significant in the state than before.[137] The 14th Dalai Lama congratulated Nitish on his election victory.[138]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ IND in Sikta Supported By LJP.[78]

Citations

  1. ^ "Bihar election: India's BJP coalition wins key state election". BBC News. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  3. ^ Tewary, Amarnath (16 November 2020). "Nitish Kumar sworn in as Bihar CM again". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Article 168 in The Constitution Of India 1949". Indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 dates announced, to be conducted from Oct 28-Nov 7 in 3 phases". DNA India. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Nitish Kumar-led JD(U) passes resolution to join NDA - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  7. ^ hermes (7 November 2020). "Jobs a key issue in Bihar's election amid Covid-19". The Straits Times. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Bihar Election 2020: Key issues that will guide voting and impact results". India Today. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Bihar election gets a new political constituency - over 16 lakh migrant workers". Hindustan Times. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Covid to flood: Tracing issues that may impact Bihar polls". Hindustan Times. 25 September 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  11. ^ Ranjan, Ashish (28 August 2020). "Deep Dive: Nitish Kumar's road to Bihar throne passes through migrant belt". India Today. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  12. ^ Singh, Santosh; Ghose, Dipankar (9 October 2020). "Ram Vilas Paswan's death will cast a shadow on Bihar elections". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Bihar assembly elections live updates: 3-phase Bihar polls on Oct 28, Nov 3 and Nov 7". 25 September 2020.
  14. ^ "It is the CM's duty to bring back stranded students, says Bihar BJP leader". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 30 April 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.CS1 maint: others (link)
  15. ^ a b Sinha, Arjun (10 November 2015). "From lousy rallies to inept partners, the six charts that explain Modi's decimation in Bihar". Quartz India. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  16. ^ Varma, Gyan (8 November 2015). "Bihar results: Social arithmetic, quota comments seen behind BJP's failure". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  17. ^ a b Bhaskar, Utpal (27 May 2019). "Lok Sabha win gives a 2nd wind to JD(U) for assembly polls, NDA in pole position". Livemint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  18. ^ Kumar, Prakash (10 December 2018). "Jolt to NDA; Kushwaha resigns as Union minister". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Jitam Ram Manjhi quits NDA, set to join 'Mahagathbandhan'". The Indian Express. 28 February 2018.
  20. ^ Tewary, Amarnath (2 September 2020). "Manjhi's HAM(S) joins NDA". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  21. ^ "BJP spares 11 seats to associate partner VIP from its quota in Bihar polls". The Week. Press Trust of India. 7 October 2020.
  22. ^ Kumar, Abhay (8 March 2020). "Why is Nitish Kumar miffed with ally Chirag Paswan?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  23. ^ Jeelani, Gulam (7 September 2020). "Bihar elections: Paswans flex muscles as Nitish launches virtual poll campaign". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Bihar elections: LJP to contest against all JD(U) candidates but still 'support BJP'". The Indian Express. 4 October 2020.
  25. ^ Nair, Sobhana K. (2 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly election | LJP to go it alone, but backs Narendra Modi". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  26. ^ "Bihar BJP expels 9 leaders including rebels contesting on LJP tickets". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 13 October 2020.
  27. ^ Menon, Aditya (6 October 2020). "Hidden Deal in Bihar Polls? BJP Leaders to Contest on LJP Tickets". The Quint. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  28. ^ "Explained: What constitutes NDA in Bihar and what is its social composition and USP?". The Indian Express. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  29. ^ Swaroop, Vijay (12 October 2020). Saxena, Sparshita (ed.). "Bihar assembly polls: BJP faces hard time clearing air about LJP's status in NDA". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  30. ^ Mishra, Dipak (11 October 2020). "LJP affiliates want Chirag Paswan in Modi cabinet after dad's death, BJP says it's PM's call". The Print. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  31. ^ Menon, Aditya (5 October 2020). "Bihar Elections: LJP's Move Can Alter Poll Equations. Here's How". The Quint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Downsizing Nitish". The Indian Express. 6 October 2020.
  33. ^ Ray, Umesh Kumar (5 October 2020). "Bihar Elections: What the LJP Hopes to Achieve By Walking Out of the NDA". The Wire. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  34. ^ Menon, Aditya (6 October 2020). "Hidden Deal in Bihar Polls? BJP Leaders to Contest on LJP Tickets". The Quint. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  35. ^ Kumar, Arun (5 October 2020). "Bihar Assembly Election 2020: LJP move to go solo could prove to be a double-edged sword". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  36. ^ [32][33][34][35]
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